Compliance with fire safety measures is a priority requirement in the construction and operation of buildings.This is not surprising, since it affects the human life and the integrity of the property.Fire protection is provided by different methods from the sensors and finishing in the presence of indoor fire extinguishers.A constant element of extinguishing a fire shield.It can be seen in many public places and businesses.Such a shield often bought ready-made and stocked, but to make a fire shield their hands, there is nothing difficult.The main thing - to comply with all the requirements of fire safety rules and guests, as well as to understand the types of fire panels.
- requirements for fire shields
- types of fire panels
- shield an open fire
- Shield Fire gated
- Acquisition fire board
- set fire board SCHP A
- set fire board SCHP-in
- Packagefire board SCHP E-
- set fire board SCHP CX-
- set fire board SCHPP
- How to make a fire shield
- How to open fire shield
- How to indoor fire shield
Like any other things of our life that affect human health and safety, fire boards are subject to the state standards and regulations.Knowing the requirements for fire boards, you can without difficulty make himself a shield and another check to be sure in the success of its passage.Below we present only the basic requirements to fire shields.More details are available for consultation in fire safety and GOST 12.4.026.
Fire Shield is used to host the means of manual fire fighting, fire extinguishers, and the primary means of extinguishing fires.It must be installed on all warehouse and production areas that do not have automatic fire extinguishing installation or internal fire line.Also, these boards are installed in the territory of enterprises without well-equipped outdoor fire water or buildings, removed more than 100 m from the external fire water sources.Boards should be placed in full view and easily accessible.
Appearance board shall be white with red trim in the 30 - 100 mm.Such coloring makes it easy to find a shield in the dark.Dimensions fire board are selected on the basis of convenience, placing it all fire-fighting equipment.Usually the size of the shield is not more than 1500 cm in width and height.On the boards are fixed hooks to accommodate the equipment, while prohibited to fasten or nailing tools.This is done in order to use fire-fighting equipment in case of fire, without making efforts to remove it.
types of fire panels
There are several different designs and complete sets of fire shields.According to its design features panels are open or closed.Sami boards are made of wood or metal.It should be noted that the metallic shield fire often produced closed.
shield an open fire
boards of this type are very simple in their design.They are a sheet of sheet metal or water-resistant plywood with hooks attached to it to accommodate the equipment.Open fire panels can be mounted or auxiliary.Mounted attached directly to the wall, and ladders installed next to the two racks.
Most often an open fire panels can be seen in buildings and areas.Since open-panels provide open access to fire fighting equipment, its safety is ensured indoors.
Shield Fire gated
This type of shield is a metal box with doors of Rabitz.Inside the shield attached hooks to accommodate firefighting equipment.Just like the shields of open type, closed fire panels can be mounted and ladders.
Unlike open shields, fire shield closed type can be installed both indoors and outdoors.Access to inventory is closed from outsiders on a simple lock or seal.This will allow a fire quite easy to get everything you need.
Important!According to the rules of fire fighting equipment must be protected from direct sunlight, as well as various natural phenomena.Therefore outdoors only set fire shield closed.Outdoor billboards in the street may not take during the scan.But if the shield is open under the awning, then it is permissible.
Acquisition fire board
Regardless of what type, open or closed, fire boards have several categories according to the explosion and fire hazard.It primarily affects the packaging of the shield.Modern methods of fire suppression in comparison with the beginning of the last century have become much better.They are more perfect technically and allow to handle most fires without any problems.Depending on the degree of danger shared by five major categories of fire boards, and they all have their own markings:
- SCHP-A - a shield designed to extinguish fires of class "A" (burning solids);
- SCHP-in - a shield designed to extinguish fires, Class "B" (burning of liquid substances);
- SCHP-E - the shield is meant to extinguish fires, Class "E" (electrical burning);
- SCHP-SH - a shield designed for farms and organizations;
- SCHPP - Fire shield mobile.
set fire board SCHP A
kit shields SCHP type-A includes two foam extinguisher GP-10 and GP-5, crowbar, hook, two conical bucket, shovel, and bayonet.As well as a barrel or other container for water storage volume of 0.2 m3.
set fire board SCHP-in
kit shields SCHP type-B includes two fire extinguishers GP-10 or GP-5 and one powder extinguisher OP-10, breakage, fire painting, one cone bucket, shovel, and bayonet, andand a sand box.The volume of the box depends on the area territory extinguish.
set fire board SCHP E-
kit shields type SCHP-E includes two carbon dioxide extinguisher OU-5 and one powder OP-10 or two powder OP-5 and two hladonovyh OX-2 extinguisher.Fire canvas, hook or hook with a wooden handle, shovel.Dielectric scissors, gloves, boots and a rug.As well as a sandbox.As is evident from a complete set of shields SCHP-E are designed to extinguish fires caused by short circuit or fire in the territory there are electric lines.
set fire board SCHP CX-
kit shields type SCHP-CX includes two air-foam fire extinguisher GP-10 and one powder OP-10 or two powder OP-5.Lom, hook, shovel, two conical buckets, spades, shovels, forks, and fire protection cloth, and a barrel or other container for the water volume of 0.2 m3.
set fire board SCHPP
kit shields type SCHP-CX includes two air-foam fire extinguisher GP-10 or two powder OP-5.Lom, bayonet spade tapered bucket asbestos fire canvas, and the shield and six racks for him.The main element of this type of equipment boards is handling car fire fighting equipment, hand pump and hose 5 m for it.Required the presence of the water tank of 0.2 m3.
Important!There are two concepts - Fire shield and stand fire.In fact it is one and the same.But fire protection regulations state that a stand is called the shield, which is included in a container with sand.
How to make a fire shield
Despite the fact that on the market today without any problems, you can find ready-fire boards, many craftsmen prefer to make their own hands.The more so because much difficulty in this.This will require quite a bit - a simple drawing fire board, tools and materials.Of course, in addition to materials will have to be spent on fire fighting equipment.Especially since the lion's share of the cost of the fire board is exactly the price of fire extinguishers, shovels, and other scrap, and ready to fire shield price will depend on this.
starts with the creation of the drawing.For open-type shields need to draw a rectangular sheet with dimensions.Typically, the height of the shield is 1250 cm and width of 1400. But if necessary, you can put your size.After that indicates the location of fixing hooks for tools.
Unlike open-end shield, drawing fire shields closed type is somewhat more complicated.It needs to draw a kind of shield from above and assembly, as well as to make a drawing of his door.For Extra panels open and closed need to make the drawing racks.
How to open fire shield
For this type of board need a sheet of plywood or sheet metal hooks for tools and hanging on the wall, pieces of wood frame for 10x40, white and red paint.The size and number of materials chosen on the basis of the drawing.
first create a frame .To do this, spread on the floor parallel to the three bars at equal distances from each other.Then they laid on top of 4 bar at an equal distance from each other at right angles to the three main and fasten them to the bottom.Watch carefully for the geometry of the frame.Biases are not allowed.The first and last bars are laid on the edges, and the rest is distributed among them.To preserve its wooden frame can be painted with red paint and after drying to begin further work.
Now fasten the back of the frame loop for hanging on the wall.Loops themselves are attached to the three main bars.It is advisable to use a loop with an extended basis.This will allow them to withstand the severity of the shield and fix them securely to the frame.
next step is securing the sheet of plywood or metal well.To this end it should be laid on top of the finished frame and fixed to the horizontal bar 4 - 6 screws.Immediately after this place and fasten hooks for firefighting tool.Sami hooks to secure place on the horizontal bar.It remains to paint shield according to the rules, wait until it dries, and hang it on the wall.
Important!The number of horizontal slats depends on the number placed on the instrument panel.
If you plan to do the shield attachment, then the frame is beneficial to make a metal pipe shaped.This extreme vertical slats will act shield legs.To create such a framework will require Bulgarian and welding machine.The very design of the frame is unchanged.
How to indoor fire shield
Unlike open-fire board, with his own hands to create a shield closed somewhat more complicated, but not impossible.This will draw on the sheet metal, mesh netting, red and white paint.
establishment of such a board to begin the frame .For this purpose, the profiled metal tube.Cut into desired length grinder, lay them on the ground and welded together.The frame should look like this.Along the edges are two vertical supports.Between them, stacked horizontal part of the frame.After all laid out and adjust, we take the welding machine and welding of the frame together.It follows that there are no distortions.
now turn to the creation of the box shield .For this we use metal plates and ordinary metal corner 20x20.They can buy a certain size or cut yourself using the grinder, and then make a box.Since the metal sheet, the conventional arc welding is more problematic.But there is a solution.Firstly, it is possible to use a resistance welding machine.Secondly, for the connection can be used rivets.
Cut corners welded together to form the frame box.Then paste it into the sheet metal and zasverlivaem rivet holes.Then paste it into the rivet, pulling their core.The result is a reliable bezsvarnoe connection.Then put the box in the corners of the frame and welds the box to the frame.Finally, inside the box set hooks for tools.
Now you need to make door .To do this, use the metal strip width of 5 - 10 cm. Only metal thickness should take 2 - 3 mm.Put them in a frame, welded together.Next, take a piece of mesh netting and carefully welds it to the frame.It remains to establish the loop and make the tabs on the door lock.
Finally, fire shield gated painted or allowed to dry, and then hung on a wall.It should be noted the following: frame ladders closed shield is similar to the open.
In creating fire shields with their hands there is nothing difficult.This is a fairly simple design, and with the necessary tools all work will take one to two days.It is important to comply with all the requirements of fire safety rules and guests.