problems soundproofing longer puzzling residents of apartment buildings.Some of the neighbors playing a musical instrument, someone in the midst of renovation, the ceiling hear the clatter of little feet - "and such crap - the whole day," and sometimes it wants to relax in complete silence.And sometimes vice versa, you want a noisy party, but have no desire to spoil relations with its neighbors.
As a rule, the new house is not is quiet: voids in the walls, holes sockets and switches, the inputs of heating and water pipes, as well as structural elements themselves perfectly transmit any sounds.Therefore, sound insulation in the apartment - the handiwork of people.
1. Soundproofing walls and partitions
2. Soundproofing installation of sockets and boxes
3. Soundproofing joints
4. Flat entrance doors
5. Soundproofing floor
6. Soundproofing ceiling
Soundproofing walls andpartitions
main conductor of extraneous noise in any roo
But the interior walls and partition walls are not very thick and wonderful transmit sound vibrations at any frequency in the next room.The easiest way to reduce the penetration of noise into the room through the wall - a soundproof sockets, mounting boxes and joints, which we describe below.
for sound insulation is very thin walls and partitions is better to use a multilayer structure, different alternating layers of different densities.This method has a high value and gives a good result when using only quality materials.The most effective for this purpose, glass, basalt, shpatelnoe or silica fiber, as well as ready-made sandwich panels.Soft layers are faced with panels of plasterboard.
Having decided on a multi-layer sound insulation, please note that the area of the room at the same time significantly reduced.Every wall is lined reduces the linear dimensions of the room more than 15 cm.
technology multilayer insulation of walls:
- Erected wooden or metal frame for fastening soft insulating material.Metal, of course, will be stronger, but sound insulation properties it has declined and therefore preferable to still use wood.During the construction of the framework for all of its sites in contact with the wall, you need to put a rubber or polyurethane lining.
- educated frame empty space is filled with soundproofing material.
- resulting construct is coated sheets of drywall or any other selected panels.After that the joints are glued masking tape and zashpaklevyvayutsya.Next, another layer overlaps the solid insulator, but the seams are located overlapping the previous one.
- second layer puttied and now it can safely paint or hang wallpaper.
For example, we present you a video that demonstrates the process of soundproofing facilities using material ISOVER.
Soundproofing sockets and mounting boxes
During the construction of sockets and mounting boxes arranged through-holes that allow both to install electrical equipment and accessories directly to the two rooms.Therefore, they are excellent conductors of noise from a neighboring room.
before proceeding to the isolation, they must be de-energized.Then we take out of the holes completely all the electrics, and put into the tube, cut from any sound-absorbing material, such as basalt fibers, and cementing it carefully.
Mounting boxes isolated in the same way, but they are distinguished by a plastic cover that must be pulled out.By the way, if you do not know, find the location of these boxes is possible, tap on the wall.
If the house - panel, the result of natural rainfall building deformation of structural elements and low-quality work of builders in the joints of adjacent walls, and the walls and ceiling or floor cracks, which are also very well miss the sound.Get rid of them is easy.We need all the cracks to expand with a screwdriver or any other sharp instrument to 30-40 mm, thoroughly clean their cavity, it is fully primed and covered with a layer of putty.After drying the joints must be sealed better acrylic.
If already lying on the floor floor, it can not parse.For a good insulation is enough to fill the gap between the wall and flooring, and cover it with silicone molding.Usually, it helps to significantly reduce vibrations transmitted through the floor.
Flat entrance doors
large number of sound penetrates into the apartment because the front door.Discussions neighbors slamming doors, the sounds of the elevator, the steps of the ladder - from them, too, can get rid of.The main requirement to the front door, providing a high level of soundproofing is the lack of slots.Therefore, it suffices to attach the rubber seals at the point where the door leaf with jamb and door frame equipped with at least a small threshold.If between the frame and the door opening gap there, they need to fill with cement mortar.
good acoustic effect makes use of two doors, and the second may be a thin decorative partition.The most important thing to get a small vestibule, quenching oscillations.
About soundproofing floor care should be taken before laying the floor covering.Otherwise, it must be dismantled.To isolate the floor from penetration of extraneous noise and protect neighbors living below, from the sounds penetrating from your apartment, you must place a special insulation material for flooring, or, better still, under the floor screed.Such materials for sound insulation is a thin layer of fiberglass, resin or other material having high ductility and elasticity.Lay such isolation is necessary so that its edge came at the wall, in this case, the sound waves will not be distributed on the floor surface.
The best way to isolate the room from the noise intrusion from the ceiling installation is considered to be false or suspended ceilings.Such work is best left to these professionals.Independently virtually impossible to pull fabric without wrinkles and distortions.Especially if you had never engaged in this work.
If the funds do not allow to invite professionals, then you can try to isolate the ceiling with the help of a multi-layer structure.The technology of this work is not very complicated and is accessible even to novice repairman:
- ceiling carefully cleaned of all coverage.
- the entire surface is glued special acoustic material, most felt.To prevent the backlog, it is necessary to attach dyubelyami- "fungi".
- At a distance of 60 cm from each other fastened suspensions profiles and profile them for drywall.
- on ledges stacked plates sound-proofing material, while between them and the acoustic seal must remain a small layer of air.Usually lack of 50-100 mm.
- The whole structure is coated with plasterboard.
Deciding to insulate yourself an apartment from the penetration of noise, be aware that a good result it is important to use high-quality materials with high sound-proofing qualities.All costs are quickly offset by the tranquility of your family and good relations with neighbors.