If we talk about settling the ceiling plane, at the moment in this respect there are lots of options.Particularly popular received tensioning and suspension systems, as well as designs that are made of wood.But perhaps the most massive spread of the ceiling tiles from foam.Such a material is relatively low.And if we add to this the possibility of arrangement of the ceiling with his hands, it is possible to state with certainty that the price ceiling is not foam!In addition, you can glue the tiles in a straight line or diagonally.Yes, and design solutions that exist today, do not count on the fingers!
- Features ceiling tiles
- Making foam plates
- Advantages and disadvantages of the material
- calculation under the tile surface
- choice of adhesive for foam
- Tools Required
- Apply the adhesive to the surface
- Pasting the ceiling panels
- grout between the tiles
- foam sticker Friesians
Features ceiling tiles
The simplest method to make your ceiling is modern - a stick foam tiles on it.Ceiling tiles commonly used in residential areas, even when more and more consumers are choosing ceilings.
There are different types of foam ceiling tiles, each of which has advantages over the others.The shape of the tiles are rectangular, square, hexagonal and lozenge.But the most popular - a traditional square-shaped products.The front surface of their simple or laminated, smooth or embossed, colored by the texture of wood, stone, cloth, wood carvings imitating or stucco.Laminated tiles should be used in the kitchen and bathroom and other wet areas is better to choose water-resistant panel.
also foam ceiling tiles come in three forms: injection, the thickness of 9-14 mm, which is produced by sintering raw material and by injection in a mold, compressed (pressed), which has a thickness of 6-7 mm, and extruded,pressed from the extruded strip and painted or coated with a film of a standard size of 50 to 50 cm for a square tile 100 and 16.5 centimeters - for rectangular.
Regarding the care of the foam ceiling tiles, it is not whimsical at all.You will need to do regular sponge, you are used every day to wash the dishes, as well as soap and water.But remember that this method is suitable only for the laminated tiles, but ordinary foam panels on the ceiling should be cleaned with a dry cloth or a vacuum.Do not rub in any case such a ceiling solution in which there is benzene or thinner, since this way you can tile from pegoplasta spoil.
Making foam plates
foam panels production technology provides two different methods of obtaining this material: stamping and extrusion.The first solution involves the production of panels with special stamps, the source for this purpose is the blank foam.
Such materials have high granularity and usually made in a white color.But these tiles if necessary, may cover special water paints or subjected to lamination that gives the material a more sophisticated look and improves its consumer properties.
material in the second case also the foam, but the molten beforehand.The tiles are manufactured from molten substance by vacuum thermoforming.Materials that are obtained in this manner are less porous, so they are more resistant to mechanical stress and are able to prolong their useful life.
In addition, during the production of tiles in this way in the working composition made to add various dyes to produce products of any color scale.But it should be noted that the production of tiles of said techniques require high precision manufacturing of products with the correct geometric characteristics.
When selecting tiles it should be noted that the extruded material is more pronounced glossy structure, easy to clean, it can be used in almost any environment.But such a view of the glossy tile structures can not be subjected to dyeing process, and they are more visible mounting seams.
Stamped foam ceiling tiles have higher noise and heat insulating properties, due to the greater porosity and thickness of the material, as well as different regular geometric dimensions.This leads to the ceiling with almost invisible mounting seams.But the sight of these products is inferior to the first decision.
Advantages and disadvantages of the material
Advantages boards to create foam ceilings are as follows:
- foam ceiling tiles can be glued to almost any surface, from the bare concrete and finishing slabs of wood shavings.
- Since the temperature of the batteries or radiators in the apartments are not more than 80 degrees, so the tile can be installed without problems in their vicinity.
- Under normal conditions, the useful life of the foam tile ceiling is calculated in years and decades, because this material is not afraid of dampness.
- Ceiling tiles are heavy enough, so have excellent thermal insulation and soundproofing properties.
- Lightweight material allows for these purposes to use adhesives that are not very durable, and therefore high cost.
- ceiling panels are cut well, so their installation does not take much time.
- foam is lightweight and environmentally friendly material.Price
- foam ceiling tiles to be extremely small, and you can save more, without the services of finishers.
- ceiling tiles give the room a more aesthetic appearance and in some cases are able to visually enlarge.
With all the advantages of foam ceiling have many disadvantages.Cheapest tiles are not too durable, they turn yellow over time by sunlight, and some of them can not tolerate wet conditions.However, this disadvantage can be easily remedied by turning it into a virtue, because foam tiles amenable to ordinary latex paint color.
But the main drawback of the ceilings foams - vapor permeability - the foam is able to create in the room thermos effect, stripping the walls of opportunities to absorb excess moisture.When combining such a ceiling, for example, with vinyl wallpaper, the risk that the room will dwell fungus will increase several times.
Styrofoam is inflammable, but it is easily melted.With hot water heating pipes such material can be glued and close.But the touch panels with lamps, particularly with powerful lamps and open-top, highly undesirable.It is better to err and to arrange fixtures on the distance of at least 20-30 cm from the surface of the foam ceiling.
addition, be aware that the foam tiles are easily injured, it concerns even blunt objects.Consider this fact when transporting the material to the shop and in the performance of works on pasting ceiling tiles.Also, you will be quite difficult to achieve the impression of integrity of the surface of the formation of a large number of seams and joints.
calculation under the tile surface
first step before gluing the foam ceiling should stock up on the necessary materials.For this purpose it is necessary to measure the area of the ceiling base and buy materials adjusted for the stock.The calculation of the surface on which you will glue a square of foam produced in the following manner.
If there is a room with dimensions of 3 by 2 meters, the application surface of 6 square meters.For the formation of one square meter requires four tiles size 50 by 50 centimeters.The result is 24 pieces.But to get the number of tiles is strongly recommended to add two more tiles as the room is not always distinguished the correct form and precise dimensions.
often happens that after the procedure, labels can remain with certain parties space that you and fill material, purchased in reserve.And then - so I do not want to go to the store to buy one or two tiles.Take this into consideration in the preparation of the design.
choice of adhesive for foam
Apart from the foam tiles you need to stock up on adhesives that are needed to fix the ceiling material.For pasting squares can be used «Moment - liquid nails" because he has a thick consistency and freezes for 15-25 minutes.It is not recommended to apply the adhesive from Chinese manufacturers «Dragon», as it is too thin, its adhesive properties are very low, and the squares will need to keep at arm's length for a long time - a real mockery of themselves.
to 24 squares of the ceiling will need approximately 350-400 milliliters of adhesive.If you buy in a package structure under the gun in a container of 450 ml, it will be enough even in the ceiling moldings.And it turns out less than 2 tubes of 250 ml.
for uneven ceiling is considered to be the best adhesive plaster finish - that with its help at the same time can be qualitatively glue foam tiles and align the ceiling, without having to use any kind of braces and struts.
Professional masters always do so.To make the glue for the ceiling tiles with their hands, you need to stir in the water ordinary dry finish putty, and then add the resulting mass construction of PVA glue.This adhesive is required in the proportions of 200 grams to 1 kilogram of putty.
Since ease of finishing work for the self-assembly foam tiles on the ceiling of the minimum amount of tools you will need: paint line for drawing the axis of the ceiling, ordinary scissors or knife assembly for cutting tile, trowel for applying the finishing putty, measuring tools, centrifugal brushand rags to wipe the tiles and remove excess glue.
next step - preparing the surface of the ceiling for production work.Bear in mind that the foam tiles can be glued to almost any flat surface that previously cleared of debris and dirt, as well as the old finish (wallpaper, tiles, whitewash).
However, before the actual performance of work must be subjected to a base surface priming composition with deep penetration.This procedure is required to prevent the proliferation of harmful pathogens in the oral foam panels and to improve the adhesion of materials.Pay particular attention to large cavities and irregularities, if any.
Then make a layout of the ceiling, which will pinpoint the location of the tiles on the plane.For the markup you need a cord - ordinary rope made of natural material, which is colored dye powder type.Dye and cable can be purchased on the market or in the supermarket near the building.
When the layout is recommended to take into account the type of arrangement in the ceiling panels - longitudinal or diagonal rows.And in the latest version of the operation will be more time consuming, but they will visually increase the ceiling surface.
To mark the ceiling attract comrade.Pull the cord with a little effort from one corner of the room diagonally to the other.Cord pull a little from the ceiling and release, thereby obtaining one of the diagonals.The same must be done for the second diagonal.After these operations, you will get two diagonals, which meet in the middle, it will be the center of the room.
Then, using the same tape measure, measure the distance from the center of the resulting four lines, running to the corners.For example, one and a half meters from the center to the corners, and then make a mark.Then take a cord and repel Label line to the ceiling turned a rectangle or square.Then measure the resulting side of the figure, the opposing lines should be equal in length (MPE 1-4 mm).
If the opposite sides of a geometric figure differ by more than 6 millimeters, then you should again be measured from the center of the segments so that they are identical.After all with the help of roulette you need to find the middle of the sides in the resulting rectangle or square.A cord of marks do through the center line.Along these axes, and need to glue the tiles.
Many developers prefer to ceiling cards foam stick diagonally, as shown in the photo of the foam ceiling.In this case, you need to place the axis a little bit different - they have to pass from one corner to another and positioned relative to each other at an angle of 90 degrees.If the angle is fuzzy, then one point may fail cards.
Apply the adhesive to the surface
Terms sticking foam plates may vary slightly, depending on the adhesive used.The adhesive should be applied in full or dotted on the tabs that are available on the reverse side of the panel or on the corners and in the middle.To
marked axis does not close, putty or glue is better to put directly on the tiles - this is done with the help of a comb, which is used for the cladding tiles.If there are irregularities in the ceiling down to the centimeter, give preference to an instrument with a large tooth is not less than 12 millimeters.If this is not enough, an additional smear and ceiling - it must be done carefully so as not erased axis.Ceiling tiles must be smeared in the opposite direction.
If you use a special type of glue ELTITAN, before laying the tiles need to stand for 10-15 minutes.It is convenient to apply the adhesive directly to 3-4 bar to the time of applying adhesive to the next batch of tiles first one you may have to glue.It is desirable for the porous ceiling cast a thick layer of mastic.
Pasting the ceiling panels
After marking the ceiling you can move on to the pasting of the squares on the surface.If the squares are a relief, it is necessary to see whether the same pattern is present in all the squares.If the same, you will need to glue the panels to a certain pattern, and if the image is different, it is possible to glue the product without this pattern.
So, you need to start pasting from the resulting center of the room, as often in the process of gluing tiles, many are faced with the failure of the joints between the individual tiles.Gradually fill the whole surface.Mounting foam ceiling is recommended to perform at de-energized electrical wiring and be sure to wear gloves to avoid staining of the panel.Glue the first tile so that one corner of it is located exactly at the central point, where they will meet 4 central tile.
At this point, may be for the light fixture, in which case the angles at the tiles need to be cut.Place slices in the future will cover the plate chandelier or ceiling outlet.The edges of the panels need to align perpendicular to the lines of the pre-planned.The tiles pressed tightly adhered to the ceiling, but make sure not to leave dents.
tiles need to have the following in parallel rows, do not allow the formation of gaps between the edges.Should be guided into triangular arrows that are on the back side of the panels, they should look in the same direction.
last rows of panels, often need to be cut with a knife to the desired size, and already after fitting to apply the adhesive.