Bathhouse - the best way for cleansing and healing the body, widely regarded as an effective remedy for thousands of ailments.This is easily explained by the increasing popularity of traditional methods of rejuvenation of body and soul - have its own steam room all want.However, the cost of wood (the material used for the construction of baths for centuries) today is high and the honorary title of the owner of a private bathhouse of timber or a log house many can only dream of.Nevertheless, it should not be upset, because modern stroyrynok can offer a good alternative to natural wood and it is called concrete blocks.
- Baths from foam blocks: the pros and cons
- Building a bath of foam blocks
- Building foundation
- Construction roof
- Internal and external finishing
- bath of foam blocks: Photo
- bath of foam blocks: Video
Baths from foam blocks: the pros and cons
Foam (foam concrete, aerated concrete) - a porous materi
Construction bath of foam blocks - responsible action requires some theoretical knowledge about the features of the selected material.Certainly, when comparing the log structure and a bath of foam blocks, prices will be significantly different, as blocks of foam are unlikely to give you the flavor and warmth of nature.However, the merits of this achievement is the construction industry, too, has not been canceled.Thus, the benefits of a bath of foam blocks.
- minimum construction time;
- facilities of foam blocks do not shrink;
- construction is quite feasible in the home;
- lightweight design;
- commissioning is possible immediately after use;
- high fire resistance;
- convenience of transportation, packing and storage of foam blocks;
- low cost.
But it would be nothing if not a minus, which everyone should know before you decide on the construction of a bath of foam blocks with his hands.
- condensation inside the walls;
- less environmentally friendly compared with wood;
- freezing condensation can cause destruction of the buildings;
But even with the shortcomings of the existing building of the bath of foam blocks remain profitable solution for the limited resources and the lack of additional equipment and manpower.The main thing is to stick to the technology and take into account all the subtleties.
Building a bath of foam blocks
as the site for the construction of suitable flat area with dense soil.In accordance with the markings dug a trench depth of 50 cm, width - 30 cm. In the corners and perimeter at a distance of 1 meter from each other hammered intermediate pins, which pulled the rope.Do not forget to check the horizontality using the building level.
needed to manufacture the frame fittings 12 mm and a thin wire (for horizontal ligament).Note that if the ground is firm, it is possible to pour concrete without formwork, ie,formwork panels set only for land-based part of the base.Shields stray from boards in the thickness not less than 20 cm. The concrete is poured 200 mark, depending on the size, it would take 5 to 7 cubic meters.
to the arrangement of the flushing sewage proceed only after the setting of concrete - 10 days.The diameter of the receiver - 10 cm. The area of rubble fell asleep at first and then expanded clay, laid on top of two layers of mesh.Poured concrete.Should get a screed thickness of about 15 cm. Spread out on a foundation waterproofing - roofing material.
pondering the problem of how to make a bath of foam blocks, many believe that this process is long and complex.In fact, the technology of building walls of foam blocks from work does not differ from the brickwork.Determined using the highest level of angle structures.This place is kind of start.We put the first row.Air blocks (better to use a brand 25M) are held together with a solution of a mixture of sand and cement.Lay the foam on an edge, and that the heat does not escape from the bath, try to make the seams as little as possible.
After laying the first row align it with the rubber mallet.This time should be given close attention, becausethe quality of the laying of the first row depends on the reliability of the structure as a whole.The second row is placed with a shift, the samples are not fastened cement-sand mortar, and glue designed to work with the porous material.The thickness of the adhesive layer - 5 mm, and, waiting for its drying is not necessary.
Every three rows of plank fine mesh reinforcing mesh.Do not forget to leave free "pass" for windows and doors.
Within 3 days after the construction of the wall proceed to the arrangement of the roof.Optimal for the bath option - gable roof with ridge in the middle.The length of the rafters, ridge abutting on the usual cut-spike depends on the angle of ramps and width of the room.For wet climate preferable roof with roof pitch between 50-60 degrees, the roof overhang over the walls is necessary to fill in the 50 cm.
Rafters are linked together by metal straps, the interval between the bars - 100-120 cm. Of great importance is the rightselection of raw material - wood should be first grade, without knots.Calculate rafter step necessary so that the bars are at a distance from the chimney 40 cm. Batten selected smooth boards that are mounted with the convex side upwards.
do vrazryadku crate or a continuous layer.Under the roofing material it is made in two layers, a slate - one.If you want to put on the roof tiles, the need for sheathing boards (50x50 or 60x60).Last bar always keeps up his fellow.
final stage - the roof deck.Often, under the tile or slate roofing material is spread, which is then filled with bitumen and sprinkled with small pebbles.
Internal and external finishing works
interior and exterior in the construction of a bath of foam blocks are mandatory.This is necessary in order to minimize the disadvantages of foam material and to protect from moisture.
To start impregnate the blocks water-repellent solution and plank insulation film.Then spend a vapor barrier, vapor barrier membrane fixing between the lining and the wall.We should say about the insulation, it is necessary not only to keep the heat, but also to reduce the cost of heating.Insulating measures include several stages:
- insulation of the basement and underground.The foundation can be insulated mineral wool slabs underground - backfilling slag and expanded clay.Take care of ventilation holes in the foundation, help to prevent the accumulation of fluid;
- wall insulation foil;
- zakonopachivanie window slits;
- try to make a doorway less.
Getting home decor.To somehow compensate for the lack of wood components in the construction of the wall sheathe pine or spruce boards pretreated on both sides antiseptic.You can plaster room, paint the polymer paint or oblitsevat ceramic tiles.
For Flooring boards used in the dressing room 150h50 mm in size washer lag similar (not necessarily fix them).Decide on the type of furnace.This can be a tank furnace water and industrial items.Iron stove is located on the floor, and for the brick will have to fill in the foundation.
for exterior finish are good ventilated facades, which eliminate the surplus moisture from the walls of the structure and protect against environmental influences.
the whole bath of foam blocks ready.One can only think about the internal content - buy font, benches, shelves, and other accessories that create a comfortable atmosphere, disposing to rest and relaxation.
bath of foam blocks: Photo
bath of foam blocks: Video