Most people who wanted to build a sauna in its plot, prefers wooden beam.This is not surprising, because this material has excellent construction features that allow you to build a bath, even a layman, without involving additional construction work assistants.In addition, the built sauna from a bar with your hands let you feel a sense of pride from the sole building magnificent buildings - the envy of neighbors and friends.
Benefits baths from a bar:
- timber much easier to log, so it is easier to install;
- baths from a bar are minimal shrinkage in comparison with other materials;
- beam has affordable price, in contrast to the logs.
During the construction of the timber you can easily calculate how much timber is necessary for a bath, so there is no risk to buy more material than required.And this is also the savings!
- foundation baths
- selection and culling beam
- Installation of window and door frames
- Installing roof insulationbath
- square log bathhouse
Any construction begins with the foundation.On how reliable it will be executed it depends on the durability of the entire construction.And it was not in a monolithic construction with the foundation - if they violated the rules of waterproofing, the bottom of the bath eventually fed with moisture and rot.Therefore, the issue should be approached with great care.
Sometimes concrete foundation and columnar.To use columnar concrete blocks, which set into recesses in the ground, on sand podsypku.
also erect columnar-strip foundations, columnar-rostverkovye and foundations of the pipes.
more simple in the construction of a conventional concrete foundation.
After the concrete hardens, the foundation must be laid on two layers of roofing material, in turn bonded to the substrate and to each other.Bruce, who will deal directly with roofing material should be soaked in antiseptic solution, prevent rotting wood.The cheapest and fairly effective method of impregnation of lumber is to cover the surface of waste oil.
of timber can build not only a bath.Construction of country houses in the suburbs of the timber is very important in our time.Eco-friendly, modern, nice house.
selection and culling beam
to build bathhouse from a bar does not turn into an empty work, you must carefully examine each element of the future building.If you are on a bar wormholes, deep cracks or signs of rot (light blue on the surface of the wood) - the material is not suitable for building.If it is possible to remove the defective places, then the resulting cuttings can then be used in construction.
correct and high-quality timber has a flat and smooth surface, normal humidity and a regular shape.Only such a material can be used for the construction of a bath.After careful examination of all wooden components can begin to erect the walls of the bath.
One of the most important rules of the assembly of wooden buildings: never carry a tight fit elements of the house.After shrinkage of wood beams sit on the thickness and the length will remain unchanged.If there are no gaps, the building might be skewed.To calculate how much you need in the bath timber, it is necessary to examine the structure of the project and on the basis of drawings, determine the amount of pieces.
Accordingly, in order not to lose to the amount of timber, should order him more with the possible marriage and inaccuracies in the calculations.
As a rule, use first-line log lumber 200x200 mm, it will experience the maximum pressure of the entire construction, so choose a thicker material.All further elements of the walls of the bath have a size of 150x150 mm.Before laying the lumber customize its size - they should be the same length.
Next on the ends of the boards make cuttings with which they are connected.To properly perform this routine work, it is recommended to make a template with which you can do the same cuttings.
should pay attention to fasteners the boards - in any case it is impossible to use conventional metal nails or screws!To build a sauna from a bar, which serve more than one decade, it is necessary to use wooden wedges - pins that are driven into the pre-drilled holes with little interference.
process of connecting rod dowels:
- drilling through the upper beam and the lower half;
- dismantling of the upper beam;
- light hammer blows to the stop pins to pierce;
- laying insulation;
- return to the place of the upper beam and landing it on the protruding pins.
insulation can play a role of natural materials: moss, hemp, jute and many other naturally occurring heat insulators.It is undesirable to use assembly foam - it is destroyed by the action of ultraviolet rays and can then saturate with moisture and destroy the tree.
Installation of window and door frames
Door unit is installed on the number of strapping, located at floor level, with mandatory use of a plumb and level building.Only after careful issuing of the door frame horizontally and vertically, you can fix it in the opening.Window units are mounted similarly to the desired height and the planned locations.Always on the window and door units need to leave a gap of at least 80 mm, filled with insulation.This clearance is necessary for the subsequent shrinkage of the wood.
After installing the walls, doors and windows and installation of insulation in the gap, it is necessary to build a temporary roof protecting the building from the weather.This procedure is needed to shrink the timber, which lasts about 6 months.Usually, I am thinking about how to make bath from a bar, customize all installation work to catch the beginning of the cold weather.After six months, a temporary roof can be removed and continue the construction of a bath.
Mounting roof bath
to the roof baths served as a reliable protection from the elements and keep heat, you must do the following:
- on the upper walls of piping stacked wooden beams, observing the strict horizontality;
- fixed beams mounted on the rafters, in increments of 1 m, in the "ridge" roof edge beams cut away so as to connect them back to back;
- stuffed to the rafters of the board (in the case of soft rolled materials) or lathing is done (to fix the slate or tile);
- horse on the roof should be covered with galvanized iron, protecting it from the negative effects of the environment;
- gable roof can sew materials at hand - board, siding or clapboard, all depends on the preferences of the owner.
After laying of roofing material should be the next stage of the construction of a bath - Roof Insulation.
insulation square log bathhouse
The easiest way is laying insulation material between the rafters of his installation.Insulation should be placed in such a way as to prevent the gap between the joints and sagging.Thus it is necessary to control the air gap between the insulation and waterproofing, located under the roof, consisting of not less than 20 mm.
Previously, all of the roof structure in a bath lubricated with clay mixed with sawdust.It is equally important to protect the ceiling from the evaporated steam bath.The modern market of insulating materials offers developers excellent insulation, easy to withstand temperatures of over 100 degrees.So now sheathe lath roofing felt, asphalt, stone or insulated with mineral wool, cork agglomerate.Insulating layer on the ceiling bath should be about 10 cm on a cold wall - 10 cm, and in warm - 5 cm.
chimney should be protected by special boxes, which you can pour a small gravel or expanded clay.
After completing construction works, you can start the interior finishing baths, plumbing and lighting wiring.
Construction bath with his hands is a very interesting exercise, and not everyone can boast of knowledge with practical skills of the construction of such facilities.But we need only read the relevant information, or to talk with the experts on how to build a sauna from a bar, many questions will disappear by themselves.
process itself works performed not too complicated, and moral satisfaction from their labor will strengthen the belief in the correctness of the decision - the construction of a private bathhouse near the house.