pleasure a person receives in the bath, can not be compared with any other.Complete purification of body and soul, affectionate hugs warm pair of air impregnated with seductive aromas tickling nostrils wet wood and foliage ... There does not want to rush anywhere and only one desire - to enjoy every minute, during which the body clears the burden of fatigue and even age.
But with proper construction.During the construction of baths appreciate every stage: only a combination of well-performed work guarantees a good result and a ceiling mounted properly and the roof of the bath with his hands can completely spoil the overall impression of her visit.
- What are mounted on the roof of the baths
- Shed roofs
- Construction technology pent roof
- Technology gable roof construction for a bath
- How to insulate a roof bath
- roof battens bath
What are mounted on the roof of the baths
Before the construction of the roof of the bath, you nee
most commonly used in the baths are two types of structures:
- attic roof;
- Built-up roofs.
Many people wonder how to make a roof bath used in the winter.In this case, it is better to build a roof with an attic.It is much warmer, the heat loss through the ceiling in this case is minimal.In addition, the attic can be dried and stored bath accessories and brooms, or even post here additional recreation room or the billiard room.
In summer cottages preferable Built-up construction.Flat roof surface suitable for placement of containers of water or for drying fruits and spices.An additional plus up roofs - no shaded areas.
The shape of the roof used in baths, divided into the lean-and dual.How to make the roof of the bath of each species will be considered separately.
This type of roof - the easiest, and therefore require a minimum of effort and financial investments.A very common building roof bath with one ramp at building out buildings to another building.
pent roof rafters freestanding baths are based directly on the opposite wall construction at a certain angle, and the bad when the angle of inclination is chosen too large (expensive building) and too little (on a completely flat roof will collect rainfall, and it issignificantly reduce its service life).The slope is the following formula:
Tg angle = P / S, where
P - the differential between the load-bearing walls;
S - the distance between them.
The optimal slope of 20-30 °, but for areas with high snowfall this value is increased to 45 °.
Construction technology pent roof
If sauna construction of small size, the distance between the opposite walls of no more than 4.5 meters, it can be installed without additional rafters supporting pillars.Rafters greater length is required to back to prevent them in the future sagging and even collapse.The ends of the rafters have special slots on mauerlat increments of about one meter.
mauerlat - supporting wooden block for the connection of the building and rafters, located at the top of the walls.Before laying mauerlat on brick walls, they must be waterproofed and wooden baths mauerlat can serve as the last stacked logs.
In order to prevent water flowing down from the roof, the walls, rafters must be placed with access to the outside at a distance of 0.4-0.5 meters.Before you build a roof bath with a ramp, you must raise the front wall of the structure to a height that provides a selected angle of inclination.Further stages of the construction of all types are the same, so we will look at it a little later.
Technology gable roof construction for a bath
before a bath on the roof, consisting of two rays, it is necessary to define what it is.Only by understanding the principle of its device, you can make it as well.
Gable roof in the bath is not nothing but a few are absolutely equal to each other isosceles triangle whose sides are interconnected by bolt.
Rigel - bridge, located just below the point of attachment of the rafters with each other.
If Bath is located in an area where strong winds familiar, do not make the angle between the "legs" truss (the same set of triangles) is too sharp, otherwise the roof will be provided by increased load.To avoid them you need to either reduce the angle of inclination or pitch of the "feet", or increase the number of crossbars.
Triangles can hold together and on the ground, but it is much easier to assemble roof trusses on site.This will save on the costs of its rise, because in this case, can not do without a crane.When building a roof bath with your hands, you must first assemble the triangles forming the front of the building.After that they need to connect the upper corners of the rope or fishing line, and install it on the rest of the truss.
Tip: to "foot" constructions were more stable, at build time strengthen their backups.
How to insulate a roof bath
Once resolved the question of how to build a roof for the bath, the following emerges - how to warm?You can certainly do this in several ways, such as laying insulation on the rafters, under and between them.In this article, we will consider only the last option, because it has long established itself as the most simple and at the same time effective.
first fasten a vapor barrier with a normal construction stapler.Then the rafters to hem bottom or thin plywood board to the void to be filled by any insulator, such as basalt fiber.Thus it is necessary to watch, that he was laid in view of the need for the air gap of at least 20 mm between it and the waterproofing layer, which will be paved later.Thermal insulation should be laid very tight, not to leave any of the so-called "cold bridges".It is best to roll out two layers of material with a thickness of 50 mm in a staggered manner so that all the joints were blocked by the second layer.
roof battens bath
Need crate or still better to lay a solid wooden surface, is solved after the selected roofing material.When deciding how to build a roof for the bath, the choice was made in favor of roll coatings, it is necessary to prepare a solid floor, while under the shingles and slate crate needs to be applied to the location of the boards of a meter.
Note: All wooden materials in the construction of the roof should always be treated with special antiseptic materials that prevent the formation of mold and rot.
on waterproofing crate is pulled, and pull it must be possible without sagging, to ensure good air circulation.
Well, the roof on the bath with his hands almost finished.The most difficult behind.Now cover the horse with galvanized steel sheathed with boards and gables can proceed to the arrangement of the ceiling.To make the process more understandable, we offer you a short video, which presents the main stages of the construction of the roof.