Building your own sauna room - a multi-stage process in which each step is crucial.And the device floor bath, of course, is no exception.To ensure water drainage, ventilation, heat and waterproofing observe simple but important installation rules.Also note that the life of the floor will depend on the quality of the source material and the selected technology arrangement.If the question is how to make the floor in the bath for you as relevant as ever, this article will help to understand the varieties of bathroom floors and the intricacies of their installation.
- wooden floor
- Construction racks, supports
- Construction subfloor
- Laying lag and flooring boards
- concrete floor
- Thermal insulation of concrete floor
- Usemodern technology
- device floor in the bath: a video
To build the correct floor in the bath the first thing you need to decide what material it is made.Today, the most acceptable recogni
The classic solution is not losing popularity for many years.Even the rapid development of the construction market can not erase the natural advantage.Wooden floors:
- environmentally friendly and completely safe for health;
- aesthetically attractive and able to demonstrate impeccable taste of the owner of the sauna;
- not require the erection of a large amount of time (compared with concrete analogues);
- bring the bath warm and comfortable atmosphere.
When erecting floors baths with their hands (depending on the design) are divided into the proceeding and leakproof.In the first case it is made of single-level floor boards that will allow access of water through the gap, followed by soaking it in the soil under the foundations.Of the minuses occurring floors should be noted the impossibility of warming sincefloorboards removed after each use and dried.
second - installation is performed with a slight slope towards the drain, equipped with sump and vent pipe leading to the septic tank.Leakproof design requires the installation of insulation and subfloor expanded clay.This method is more expensive and time-consuming, but by criteria of comfort and practicality it has no equal.
Construction of racks, supports
wooden floor for a bath with his hands lay a snap.This will require cross-section of 18 cm logs or boards of 15x15 cm, which will be mounted floorboards.Note on the joists have to high load, so they must be laid on supports of reinforced concrete or brick.Thickness rack - at least 15 cm Width beneath - 7 cm more poles themselves.
As for the height, the figure is identical to the height of the edge of the base (in the strip foundation).If the columnar foundation, the wooden joists are based on wreath laying beams, and top-rack supports should be the same with these beams.Before installing the lag supports are covered with waterproofing (roofing, roofing material, bitumen or asphalt).
next stage of solving the problem of "how to put a floor in the bath - building underground.For flowing on the ground floor with a high degree of absorbency is enough to fill in underground gravel (25 cm).If the land is poorly absorb moisture, it becomes mandatory to drain the tank installation.To do this on the ground at an angle to construct an earthen pit castle.
If you decide to installation of the floor with their hands in the bath leakproof type, cellar insulated using expanded clay, leaving 15 cm to lag (for ventilation).
Laying lag and flooring boards
flowing under the floor joists are placed on any wall under leakproof - tilt to the side.Getting to the deck boards.For leakproof floor, first settling the base floor (roughing) with thermal and waterproofing, which is attached after stable planks.Note groove boards directed into the bath is mounted to the joists with screws made-grouse or nails.
Laying the floor in the bath flowing type takes less time and effort.Napilivayutsya boards so that between them and the wall there is a gap of 2 cm. The first floorboard recommended nailed whose thickness exceeds half the board thickness.The following boards are stacked in steps of 3 cm.
concrete floor concrete floor has a lot of advantages, which are often decisive in the choice:
- not afraid of moisture and temperature changes;
- does not rot;
- different long service life;
- easy to care for.
Primer thoroughly compacted, it formed pillow of crushed stone, impregnated with bitumen (150 mm).In this case the gravel will not only withstand, but also distribute them evenly.
In order to get rid of one of the major drawbacks of the concrete floor (it is cold), you should think about insulation.The problem can be solved in two ways: to lay the foundation layer 2 is arranged between the layers of insulation, or on top of the concrete to form a heat insulating layer on which to arrange a warm floor wood.
for double stacking is necessary to properly prepare a concrete solution.For the bottom layer of the mixture should include large grit fraction (35 mm).The thickness of this layer - 150 mm.If the room is small, then the screed is laid directly on the basis of everything, otherwise it is more convenient to divide the territory by means of wooden rails to 1000 mm s-band.Screed get a nice and smooth.
top layer advisable to prepare a mixture of fines.Align floor with special care, tightly tamped it.Concrete gains strength for several days.Do not forget to take care of him - do not allow the drying, moisturize daily pre-filled with sawdust surface.
Thermal insulation of concrete floor
Regardless of the insulation, it should be laid on the waterproofing.For waterproofing of the most commonly used plastic sheeting or roofing material.You can buy a liquid solution.Before applying the surface of the ground surface waterproofing.
After drying the lower layer can begin to warming.To do this, use different materials:
- expanded clay gravel and sand;
- boiler slag;
- mineral wool boards;
- polystyrene (polpan);
Each of these components has both advantages and disadvantages.For example, expanded clay gravel roads and the thickness required for the emergence of normalized thermal conductivity compared to the boiler slag will be much less.Polystyrene - an excellent thermal insulation, but is powerless to influence rodents and may eventually collapse.Penobetom could win the laurels of "very, very", but hygroscopic.
Using modern technology
technologies of this century offer new ways of arrangement of the concrete floor in the bath.Increasingly used tiling, avoiding the formation of a second layer of concrete screed.This method involves strict observance of the sequence of construction work.
insulation is laid on the waterproofing, and the top is made from a special formation of the cement screed, whose properties allow the coating thickness of only 15 mm serve as a reliable basis for the finishing of the floor tiles.Samples tiles glued on a thin layer of glue, which firmly fixes the material.This floor is characterized by long life, simplicity of maintenance and a beautiful appearance.
Now that you know what are the floors and how to make the floor of the bath, which will be designed solution that complements your decorating and steam room - the best place for rest and recovery.
device floor in the bath: a video