Finnish sauna has to the sister of the Russian bath, their ancestor - the same hut log cabin, heated by the smoke.In our country, in recent years it has become fashionable and prestigious to visit these places, enjoy steam pouring hot stones in the fire, and then rush into a snowdrift or pool with cold water.Construction of the bath of the Finnish technology is a difficult task which requires certain material costs and availability of time.Before you start building, you need to have a clear idea of what you want to get a result.
- Sauna in the lives of Finns
- mechanism of action of the Finnish sauna
- Advantages of the Finnish sauna
- Building Finnish sauna
- Planning Finnish sauna
- Building materials
- frame and the wall of the sauna
- ceiling and floor
- benches and shelves
- Doors and windows
- Ventilation in the sauna
- furnace heater
Sauna in the lives of Finns
I would like to begin to tell the legend, where did th
Sauna - the word is the Sami and Finnish languages.The tradition of sauna was born 2000 years ago in a national way of life deeply rooted.The oldest of the saunas were pits that are dug into hillsides and covered with stones, heat one side.
Over time, the technology was improved and turned into a sauna quadrangular wooden house with a stove without a pipe and a dirt floor that served as both a prime area for housing and bathroom.The stove was heated, with the result that the room was filled with smoke that soon left the special smell and weathered.
Origin Finnish sauna - agriculture, but gradually it became part of the establishment of urban life.The first urban saunas appeared in the yards outside the property, and then in apartment buildings and detached houses with terrace.Most cities also began to appear, or the general public saunas.Sauna played a huge role in the family life of the Finns: the majority of women to the thirties of the last century gave birth in a sterile environment
saunas in Finland today is more than 2 million saunas, which are able to serve 5.3 million people.Sauna Finns still a sacred place where there is peace, we can not drink alcohol, to sort things out and quarrels, as, according to the Finns, "couples in anger dissipated."The Finns believe that if you do not use the sauna, you will not be clean and get rid of filth and vices!
mechanism of action of the Finnish sauna
Finnish sauna bath is called dry heat where the air has a high temperature up to 90-110 degrees Celsius and low humidity - close to 10-25%.It is because of low humidity the heat easier to bear than in the Russian and Turkish hammam bath.Sauna provides a complete relaxation of body and spirit, strengthens the immune system, improves emotional state, increases efficiency.
physiological mechanism baths for Finnish technology is heating up the body sweating, when thanks to the dry air and heat from the skin is actively evaporates moisture, protecting it from overheating.Activating this mechanism is responsible for a good therapeutic result by stimulating the sweat glands and thermoregulatory functions.As a result, toxins are excreted with the sweat.A timber, which is made from a sauna, only enhances the therapeutic effect of a visit to human health.
After steaming in the sauna essential and obligatory procedure is to cool the body.The most commonly used shower, natural pond or pool.Change puts the body temperature in extreme conditions.Such a "stress" increases the body's immune defenses and conducts unique training the cardiovascular system.Finnish sauna is recommended that no more than once a week.
Advantages of the Finnish sauna
fetches hot air to the skin and muscle blood flow, which helps ward off depression and stress.Since the air in it is hot and dry, it is very helpful to the lungs and bronchi.Naturally, the use of the sauna can be felt only when all its good used sparingly, taking into account the signals of the body.Otherwise, particularly if hot steam spending too much time or too after it supercool, you can hurt yourself pretty seriously.
Regular visits to the Finnish sauna improves the body's metabolism and help lose weight.An adult loses one visit by a large number of sweat 0.5 - 2 kg, while at the same time - its breakdown products, lactic acid, and numerous toxins.In some diseases that are associated with impaired blood pressure and respiration, in diseases of bones and joints and kidney trauma, sprains and dislocations visit bath is part of the main course of treatment.
To get the effect of the Finnish sauna, you need to adhere to certain rules.First and foremost, you need to understand - it's a shower without soap.The head is not wet, not to cause it to overheat.It is best to pair lie on the bottom shelf, fairly relaxed muscle.If you want to drink, to help quench the thirst of a cup of herbal tea made from Melissa, currant, wild rose, wild strawberry and hawthorn.After a visit to the sauna should arrange for at least a thirty-minute rest.
Building Finnish sauna
But move on to construction and device Finnish sauna.Construction of buildings - an important task, which does not tolerate save on building materials and requires a serious approach.If you want to build this building durable and high quality, be sure to refer to the rules described below.
Planning Finnish sauna
This sauna has a small size, as evidenced by the photo of the Finnish sauna.This is due to national traditions - to arrive in a steam room a small company up to 3 people or individually.Even large Finnish family in the sauna to wash separately, not together: men separate from women.Therefore, the pair erected area of 5-10 square meters.A whole room is about 30-40 square meters.A distinctive feature of the Finnish sauna are low ceilings: standard projects provided the height of just 2.1 meters, so you can use standard door sizes.
sauna But we have a Russian adaptation, so often paired operate a little more - close to 15 square meters.And the shower or wash room is the minimum size - about 5 square meters, but decided to combine the relaxation room with a dressing room, a vestibule and a waiting room.To take a bath usable area is even smaller, you need to install an electric furnace heater.
Building materials Construction
Finnish saunas with their own hands is a very meticulous job.Walls can be built of brick, wood or stone.But the choice of types of wood for interior trim depends literally your health.For example, pine paneling planed board space without creating a vapor barrier layer will cause harm, because the rest will breathe vapors resin.The ideal option is a wall beam Finnish polar spruce.
To cladding saunas use battens made from hardwood - birch, aspen and linden.The main advantage of this material is considered to be excellent ability to withstand heat.Do not get off the walls of the plastic in any case!Such material can greatly suffer from the heat.Not suitable and MDF panels, because they are not able to withstand the heat.A waiting room for the equipment you can use any type of wood.
Since Finnish sauna - a small building, the foundation for it can be made from almost any material, beginning and ending with reinforced concrete rubble stone on cement.Also, the foundation can be made of stone or brick pillars, which are located at the corners of the sauna.If the project of the Finnish baths laid large size buildings, it is customary to stack additional columns between the corners of the building.
frame and the wall of the sauna
Speaking about the construction of the walls of the sauna, it should be noted that it is possible to carry them out of the bars, or do the carcass method.It is advisable to carry out an external paneling lap to secure the premises protected from moisture and wind, and, consequently, the formation of mildew.Prior to the installation frame and cladding should identify the location of the stove.Under it is recommended to put the mount, so this procedure - is needed.
frame Finnish sauna should always be strong, because the heat can destroy the structure.With this purpose it is possible to set beams vertically at a distance from each other by half a meter.The frame is connected with screws.The cell is inserted into the insulation sheathing, which are Minplita or mineral wool.These materials do not require additional fastening, so their use can save money and time.On top of this layer of heat-reflecting foil is attached.
ceiling and floor
Finnish sauna steam room ceiling is made of beams which have a cross section of 60-80 mm with the sheet set on lime board.Cut one log beams in the crown and trim frame.Distances Intermedia beams - about 60-100 cm.To begin construction of the sauna, it is worth remembering insulation, since the device of such facilities should provide the best possible tightness with optimal air exchange.Upper overlap paroizliruyut at the ceiling than the heat insulation layer must be in a half times more than the walls of the bath, because the temperature is always above the top of the sauna.
Paul is the coldest spot in the sauna.Wooden floors are always wet, causing the beam eventually becomes slippery, making the smell of damp.Therefore it is more expedient to equip the Finnish sauna with a concrete floor covered with ceramic tiles.Place under the screed as insulation layer bituminous felt.To the feet of bathers during procedures not supercool, it decided to lay on the floor, wooden planks or thick mats.
benches and shelves
shelves and benches Manufacture of aspen or birch.Straps fasten with a small gap with the help of stainless screws or nails.Their cap recessed in the tree to a depth of 5-7 mm to prevent burns travelers.
shelves should be carried out not less than a width of 60 centimeters and placed one above the other, in order to minimize space.The last shelf is placed at a height of 105 centimeters from the ceiling to conveniently positioned even in a sitting position.And for even greater convenience, sun beds under a small shelf for the feet.In your construction structure as necessary to provide a small window for illumination.
Doors and windows
in the Finnish sauna, you can install a glass-yl wooden door.But it's best to give preference to the latter option, as the tree will make a closed room.Insulate wooden doors above described manner.Clearances Intermedia door and frame should pave felt.If provided the vestibule, the door directly into the steam bath can be installed without thermal insulation.The handle on the inside made of wood.
If not all the floor space is occupied by a steam room, in a building can be a window, a video preview of the Finnish sauna.If the window is provided for the purpose of natural light or ventilation, then place it is not very high, to reduce heat loss.The size of the window should not be impressive - a maximum of 500-700 millimeters.
Ventilation in the sauna
When installing saunas do not forget to take care of ventilation.Start with the material used.For wall cladding, as mentioned above, do not use softwood.Otherwise evolved resins are all dirty.To this end we take a deciduous tree.Cover head screws that connect the frame filler, because you can get hurt on the hot metal.Do not leave a gap between the boards.
Steam Room should be performed with special ventilation, ensuring no risk of burnout of oxygen.The air in the steam room is constantly moving, and optimal ventilation will be when the air intake is made from rest rooms, then he warmed up in the oven and cool down in the steam room, and organized the release of the rest room, washing room or in the street.
Similar requirements that apply to the ventilation system, forcing the developer to develop the scheme the Finnish saunas, in which creates forced air circulation.Vent at the same time made to establish in the steam room in a special way: the hot air rises to the ceiling must be unhindered, where cooled gradually descend into a discharge channel that is located under the lower bench, past the pair of deck chairs.This circulation is executed in this way, it is able to increase the efficiency of the entire system and provide excellent heating with a pair of multi-level temperature.
ventilation If you have not provided, then you can make it out of the corrugation with the conclusion of the room air and its hood.It is recommended to hide the wiring in a metal ribbed or cable channels, and best of all - a lining.Lighting must be installed on the frame to finish the pair.It is worth buying lamps gated, not forgetting that in this room there is high humidity.
in the selection of the furnace heater is all about exclusive taste of the owner, his financial capabilities and preferences.You can buy a wood-burning stove if you get on a regular basis to ensure sauna wood, and if the dimensions allow the steam room.But most developers prefer an electric heater.
This unit is equipped with air-circulation system that provides uniform heating of the steam room.When selecting the heater it is recommended to proceed from the volume pair of the room.Keep in mind that one kilowatt of power is enough for high-quality warm-1 cubic meter of space.Therefore, if the amount of steam is 15 cubic meters, the capacity of the furnace heater must be 12 kilowatts.
electric heater or stove should be installed in such a way that they are useful to have as much as possible with respect to the shelves, and visitors are not subjected to risk of burns.In addition, you need to carefully insulate the walls and ceiling of your sauna.No matter in which corner of the heating element will be placed.In any case, it must protect the railing or a cage for added protection.
generate steam in the Finnish sauna is made by irrigation water hot stone oven.If we take into account that the procedures necessary for the minimum humidity, then it should be raised only to facilitate breathing, and installation of the steam generator because this is not required, and only in situations where the pair will periodically transfers in the Russian bath.
Now you have learned how to build a Finnish sauna.Recently, among the Russians more and more popular is a Finnish sauna, which are a century old and considered in their homeland truly a sacred place.This fact is easy to explain, because in such a room temperature easily rises to 120 degrees Celsius, which helps cleanse the human body of toxins, and thus its recovery.