If you decide that you simply needs its own room, it definitely can say that you can not do without the oven.And so you should decide which model to install.Electrical products, in any case, will not replace the present furnace.Many developers are well aware of this and build a stove for a bath with his hands.It can be made of brick or metal.We can not say for sure which option is better.But one thing we know for sure that your furnace for a bath, you made yourself exactly matches your wishes.And if so, it should examine what are the steam oven and how to build them.
- Purpose oven bath
- device heater
- ash-pit door
- stones furnace
- Open and closed furnace
- stovesremote and stationary tank
- electric heater
- Kamenka solid fuel
- Kamenka Gas
- furnace fuel oil furnace
Purpose oven bath
Purpose furnace heater is that the paircatch a high temperature.For furnaces can be used v
in Russian steam baths prepared by spraying water, stones, and like a hot wet steam much faster and more effective action than the dry sauna.For raskalivaniya stones they decided to put in an oven-stove, which is also used for hot water and heating bath.Stones are heated together with the walls of the furnace.
open fire in a real Russian steam bath there, and as a result, oxygen is not burned.The heater for the bath must meet these requirements:
- heating in the steam room air to a temperature of not less than 45 degrees Celsius in the floor and close to 80 degrees from the ceiling;The beaten
- no gas and smoke;
- provide when watering stones steam generation;
- be economical.
Due to its structure and properties of the convection heat of the stove there is a man on all sides, so the heat from the furnace walls should not be overly large.As for the reflectivity of the walls - just the opposite.The size and design of the stove should be selected based on the energy source that has the necessary power and steam bath area.
basis heater in the bath serves as the foundation, which has a mass greater than 750 kilograms.If the design has a lower mass, it is necessary to put on the floor without a foundation.The depth of his laying of two feet from the ground.The foundation decided to make concrete and rubble.On top of the foundation necessary to lay a row of bricks and arrange waterproofing of 2 layers of glassine paper or roofing material.
firebox firebox is a chamber for complete combustion of the fuel.It is necessary to make it a little wall at an angle to the combustion of fuel could crumble on the grill.This important detail is generally located under the boiler in the center of the oven.For a better combustion in the firebox grate requires that when using firewood stack on a level with the furnace door.
Designed for coal firebox is not very deep pit, which the grille is installed to a depth of 300 millimeters from the level of the door to the furnace.Behind both sides of the firebox makes small bevels, rolled down to the coal during combustion and grate after burning are closed Burned coals.
air supply is regulated ash tray ash-pit door.Ash ash-pit door helps to reduce or increase the air supply and thus regulate the combustion of the fuel.At receipt of excess air in the firebox temperature is lowered in the combustion zone, combustion is deteriorated.With insufficient inflow of combustion due to the creation of products of incomplete combustion occurs unevenly.
chimney pipe is needed to display the pair of noxious gases.It is located over the stove.At the mouth of the chimney for the traction control taken to install the valve.If at the time of closing of the pipe remained in the firebox or unburned coal embers is formed with a lack of air carbon monoxide, which can cause poisoning.
If delayed afterburning firebrands, as well as the application of coal in the dampers or valves, which close the chimney hole should be made for the removal of carbon monoxide, which has a diameter of 20 millimeters.Latch mounted in the chimney, closing when the fuel is completely burned.
Ashtray Ashtray is under the grate with ash and unloading systems for unburned fuel and regulation of the air entering the compartment during the combustion of solid fuel combustion.The air in the absence of the ash in the firebox gets through the door and through the thickness of the fuel does not pass.Boiler, tank or coil should be chosen depending on the size of the bath and the desire of the owner.The tank is installed in the furnace, and the coil is placed in the firebox.
stones in the furnace should be placed in the chimney on a lattice made of steel rods, which have a diameter of 4-6 cm, or made of bricks that are stacked with a gap for the passage of the flue gas.With continuous burning logs in the amount of 2.5 kg per 1 square meter of steam heater temperature for the Russian bath is 500-600 degrees, which is enough to heat the steam bath.Mass of stones depends on the amount of steam: 35- 45 kg of stones per 1 cubic meter of space.
is best suited for the oven stone gray or dark color size a little larger than a fist.Dark stones that are collected by the water, will last longer, because they have been a natural process of strengthening.Pick up rocks to be rounded, so that the smoke and flames were freely between them, and was provided uniform heating.Do not use cracked stones, because they then easily cracked.Detect faulty stones turn for the hollow sound that is issued when tapped with a hammer on him.
Open and closed furnace
depending on how the arrangement are the furnace for a bath with indoor and outdoor stove-heater.Select a type of the heater should be on the basis of how you plan to use the steam room.Open the heater is preferably selected, if one day it soared a few people, because it rapidly heats the steam room, but also fast under the influence of the water cools.When you open the oven stones taken to lay a bunch of firebox.Keep the temperature of the stones in the range of 200 - 250 degrees Celsius.
heat transfer in closed stoves made at the level of the top row of stone backfill or vapor above the door, which is sealed from the combustion of fuel and the smoke does not penetrate into the room.The door before entering the steam room should be open and warm to room temperature, 45-60 degrees.For such a heating furnace need more fuel and time.This oven should drown hours for two or three visits to the steam room.3a by the accumulation of heat and masonry stones heater creates man and during the next few days the heat.Usually in this bath set oven with a closed stove.
Closed heaters are divided into the furnace batch or continuous.Hot stones in the furnace continuous through the stones do not pass, but at the same time heated oven, in which the stones are located.In this arrangement, the temperature of the stones reaches 400 - 500 degrees Celsius.
hot gas in a periodic kiln passes through quarried aggregate that is heated to 800 degrees and below 600 degrees - in the upper zone.The soot that settles on the rocks, with a high temperature burn.This property of the thermal capacitance stove stones pass through the filling of the combustion products can greatly simplify their design.But this is possible only steam oven after filling stone completely warmed up to operating temperature.
Heaters with remote and stationary tank
By the method of hot water for a bath furnace divided into models that are equipped with a tank, and the options that have the Remote bath.Baths are fixed in the first case on the side surfaces of the heater or the protruding portion knee chimney.These designs are quite comfortable and compact.Water is heated in such devices faster, but in spite of these advantages, it is inconvenient to fill.
If you plan to use the bath not only as moist Russian, but also as a Finnish dry, it is recommended to give preference to the heater with an external tank.By the built-in heat exchanger with two tubes, you must connect an external tank, which can be taken into the shower or any adjoining room.Russian bath in this case turns into a sauna and get rid of moisture in the steam room.
Heaters for baths with a tank reaches a height of 1.8 meters and have a capacity of 2.5 cubic meters.In the steel tank together with protaplivaniem heated water bath that can be used for the subsequent washing.The heater tank is heated close to 4-5 hours, but then the water as much as 6:00 will continue to heat up.
Now Russian baths, where necessary oven temperature no more than 300 degrees, common to use electric heaters that maintain the ability to automatically control and regulation.Typically, these are products of Swedish, Finnish and German manufacturers.A special device, once the operating temperature exceeds an allowable value, turns off the heater as and when the flame is extinguished in the furnace, particularly by ingestion of a foreign object there.If
bath uses the whole family, it is best to put an electric heater for the bath with timer, which turns off the oven after a certain time, for example, after 4 hours, and the temperature limiter that is set, usually at 140 degrees Celsius.
Among stoves for Russian bath heater is known, which is produced at the Novosibirsk plant, with a capacity of 12 kW.The metal housing is the camera with heating elements, and the top are the stones.To conserve heat in the electric heater is placed more stones.You can buy an electric heater with a mild heat that makes rock and the air in the steam room are heated separately.
Kamenka solid fuel
Kamenka, that for solid fuels, the most commonly used wood and coal.If you make a wood-burning stove for a bath, it is best to lay the birch wood, which do not sparkle and "fire", but able to give a lot of good heat.
But when procured a large number of softwood, then at the end of the furnace to avoid soot and smoke it is recommended to add a little aspen stove fireplaces or potato peelings.
Increasingly popular-gas furnace, running on LPG.Gas stove must necessarily have a special device, which removes the products of combustion in the flue, which is set iron box with stones.The temperature of the rocks in gas stoves reaches 180-200 degrees Celsius.
If steam is necessary to maintain a high temperature, the gas burner with the air supply pipe is installed in the firebox.But gas stoves, there is one significant drawback - they are flammable and explosive.Due to changes in traction at the time of the gas stove for a bath can happen gap flame can form an explosive mixture of air and gas in the absence of fire, the interior can be filled by products of combustion.
Before putting into operation gas furnace is recommended to provide fire protection services and gas heater for inspection for the subsequent preparation of a special act on the suitability of design to work on the air-gas fuel.By igniting this furnace can prevent people with experience that will not leave the furnace during operation without supervision.
furnace fuel oil
Heaters for liquid fuel - it aggregates that operate on fuel oil, kerosene, diesel and heating fuel distilled.In order to burn fuel in the stove, it should be sprayed on the bottom of the burner or burners to evaporate from the bottom with a thin layer.Fuel heated, mixed with air, then warms the air and stones in the steam room.
is recommended to use only the above types of fuel, which is inherent in a high enough flash point to reduce the risk of fire.Transported and stored liquid fuels should be closed in light cans or cans.
important element of the furnace fuel oil burner with a dropper for liquid fuel.You can not use a torch nezharostoykie thin-walled cylinders, because they wear out quickly due to the constant high temperature heaters for liquid fuel.By running the heater on liquid fuel in the cylinder of the burner to start burning flammable material impregnated with fuel.
bath fans, who are used to sink it round several times a week, it is recommended to give preference to the iron furnace, a minimum useful life is 25-30 years.However, this heat their oven for a long time.
bath If you plan to use no more than once a week, you should read the instructions on the heater for the bath and choose the furnace, which has a simple structure.This is more convenient to heat the oven from the washing room, they are usually characterized by a large volume and a steam room warmed much faster.
metal stoves have a number of indisputable advantages: ease of transportation and installation, fast heating steam room (for a couple of hours), cost, no need to equip the foundation.But it is worth remembering and cons, which include strict requirements related to fire safety.
Some metal stove painted not heat-resistant enamel, and heat-resistant organosilicon cheap paint, which can withstand high temperatures, but is intended to cover the heating furnaces rather than bath.Therefore heater loses its corrosion resistance in a year of use, after which the rust.To prevent this, a furnace should be repainted.
oven stove is installed in the steam room office of Russian bath in order to keep the heat and steam production.Now the owner of the pair on the site has a choice of which to install the stove: electric, brick, metal, gas, liquid or solid fuels, closed or open.Regardless of the choice made, each oven heater has its own characteristics dignity.