Bath - this is not just a place to cleanse the body.This is a wonderful means of relaxation, a way to get rid of depression, finding peace of mind, finally, just a wonderful vacation and the possibility of a quick recuperation.Its charm in this procedure will even someone who can not tolerate steam.After a seemingly ordinary washing, but in the bath soaked the appropriate atmosphere, you feel completely refreshed.No wonder the eastern people claim that there is cleared not only the body but also the soul of man.
sauna, hammam, thermal baths, sento - places like Russian bath, there is in every nation.All of them are filled with a sense, but at the same time have a number of features.In this article we will talk about how to build a Russian bath.
- Features Russian bath
- choice of location for the construction of the Russian bath
- Russian baths Russian baths Building
- Laying the foundation
- Walling bath
- floors in the bath
- Ventilation in the Russian bath
- Buildingroof bath
- ceiling in the Russian bath
- Finish Russian bath
Features Russian bath
there are some "comrades" who argue themselves hoarse that the best Russian baths there!The rest, they say, its faint resemblance, and a real Russian bath can withstand only real Russian heroes, well, except that they also bogatyrshi.In fact, this room constructively practically no different from any of the Finnish sauna, or by some other similar structures, construction technology and baths all the peoples in general, except for a few features, one and the same.In addition, if done correctly, and kept even the highest temperature of the Russian bath is surprisingly easy.
The secret is in the special stove-heater, capable of maintaining the temperature of the stones, placed in a small compartment behind a metal door in the 500-700 ° C, and provide insight into the steam wet steam.This door is opened only to the visitor baths could splash onto the rocks scoop water.Due to the very rapid evaporation with hot stones, steam in the Russian bath of very fine and it is therefore easy to carry.In addition, such a furnace for a bath more evenly heated air in the room, and with their help is easily adjustable humidity and temperature in the steam room.
Yes, another important attribute of Russian baths - fragrant birch, fir, or even like a broom.In order to get a good warm up using it in a steam room must maintain a certain humidity.For example, in the sauna, make it virtually impossible, as hot dry air in them very quickly dries out the broom.
So, to build a real Russian bath, the main thing you need to do - is to find a real quality oven, stove, and everything else - it's rituals, customs and traditions handed down from generation to generation.Therefore, even the same Russian bath in each family in its own suit, claiming that this is their method is a real, very Russian.
choice of location for the construction of the Russian bath
It is very important to choose the right location for the bath.There are two types of Russian baths: "white" and "black".Smoke sauna is now hardly used, so we will not consider them in the construction of this article.
Russian bath "white" can be placed at some distance from the main property, but you can join it or even place inside it.Of course, it is better if the bath is a separate building in the area, but the cost of construction of the bath is significantly increased.In turn, the room set up in a residential area or close to it, it requires special permission from fire authorities for its operation.
bath has long been the best placed on the banks of the river or any body of water.Nothing can compare with the pleasure to dive into the cool water after a hot steam room.But, unfortunately, it is not always possible.So many are trying to arrange a bath next to even a small pond or pool.
necessary to note one more nuance accommodation Russian bath is better, if it will take the highest place on the site.This will avoid many of the problems with the removal of waste water.
Disposition Russian baths
Any bath construction should begin by drawing up a plan that reflects the number of rooms, putting communications and waste water.
Ideally, Russian bath should consist of the following premises:
- washing room;
- recreation room or waiting room;
In order to save many of combined steam room and washing room and vestibule with a waiting room.It should be noted that not everyone likes to bathe or wash in the room is too hot, so this combination can bring a certain number of inconveniences.Steam in the Russian bath should be large enough, so that it fits at least two people, but too much else to do it, otherwise it will be very difficult to heat it well.Usually enough steam sizes 4 sq.m.
If we have the opportunity to establish a large bath, it is better to increase the size of lounges.Agree, nice in between visits to the steam room to chat with friends while sitting on comfortable chairs and sipping sweet tea.Do not neglect and vestibule.It will prevent the penetration of cold air into the main room.
best to order the finished project baths in special firms that will choose the best option, taking into account all influencing factors and the financial capacity of the client.
construction of the Russian bath
Laying the foundation
During the construction of baths are most often used columnar or strip foundations.
Tape - stronger and more resistant to soil displacement, but at the same time, they are labor-intensive and requires more material, which considerably increases the building costs.It is best to strip foundation poured, if you plan to put a wall of solid brick, but it can be used for timber structures.
Trench digging for foundation tape around the perimeter of the bath, as well as by the internal load-bearing walls.The internal jumper should be slightly wider than the outer wall, as they will build two rows of floor boards.The bottom of the trench is filled with a layer of sand to be compacted and shed water.The layer of concrete is poured so that the top level was slightly above the zero mark.The surface of the foundation is aligned solution and waterproofing roofing material by sticking to the asphalt mastic.When pouring the foundation must be strengthened reinforcement.
pier foundation is recommended for small baths, do not have a great load on the ground.In this case the poles are located at each corner of the entire structure, as well as internal connection points with the external load-bearing walls.If such a view of the base used for large bath, additional posts should be placed at a distance of no more than 2 meters from the main.Between the pillars should be to build a brick wall (required of burnt red brick), buried them in the ground to 250-280 mm.The surface of the foundation is also aligned and waterproofing.
At the same time should be laid the foundation for the stove.It is best if its location will be chosen in such a way that it simultaneously heats the washing, dressing room and, of course, Man.
best material for the walls is deservedly considered the tree.It is well kept warm, breathable and create a cozy atmosphere.There are two possibilities:
- wall of timber;
- wall of logs.
- bath from logs.First, you must choose the same diameter logs and to trim them carefully.Log walls called crowns.Stack them begin with the logs of large diameter, gradually reducing it.For the stability of the beam connecting studs, deepening of 2.5-3 cm inside.
- bath from a bar sits lower in contrast to the log constructions, besides it's going a lot easier.
And in fact, and in another case, be sure to treat the bottom five crowns antiseptic.
To achieve greater tightness, the gaps between the logs are usually caulk.It uses hemp, dry moss or felt.This procedure is performed twice: first - right after the end of construction, and the second - after a complete draft of the walls, usually 1.5-2 years.All caulking seams punched wooden slats.
floors in the bath
floors in the Russian bath can be made of clay, wood or concrete.Clay floors do not miss the water, so the wastewater zastaivayas their cracks filled bath room is very unpleasant odors.Wooden floors, on the contrary, absorb moisture and dry out very badly, causing them to rot and rapid destruction.Therefore, the optimal solution for the Russian baths are considered concrete floors covered with ceramic tiles.To reduce discomfort from touching the cold tile, then it is covered with cork mats or wooden crate.
first need to prepare the ground.For this laid sand layer to 10 cm and carefully compacted.Next, a layer of gravel poured desyatisantimetrovyh, which also must be sealed and level.Top stretches roofing material so that it lay in the lap of the wall.This will be the future of waterproofing the floor.On the roofing cement screed can be applied with a bias towards mandatory discharge.
in the steam room and washing is best to cover the concrete flooring tiles, and in the lounge or in the dressing room can do the ordinary wooden floors.It should be remembered that for a long operation is necessary to maintain floors in a dry state, so you need to take care of proper ventilation in the bath.
Ventilation in the Russian bath
The main feature of the Russian bath - wet steam, so the ventilation it is not out of the question.If it is arranged, it will be disrupted balance of humidity and steam, so to dry enough conventional ventilation.This can be done simply by opening the door to the steam room or equip forced draft, which will be activated only after the bath treatment.To quickly dry the bath after washing is necessary to sweep all the leaves from the broom, because they are very long to keep a moisture.
Building roof bath
During the construction of the Russian bath uses two types of roofs:
Loft design look more presentable and have a high thermal insulation.These roofs are indispensable for the operation of a bath in the winter, and Built-up is best used when the room is based on the country site and is used only in summer.An additional plus up roofs - the possibility of placing them on the water tank.
Key elements of the roof of the bath - bearing structures (rafters and purlins) and the roof (sheathing and waterproofing layer).On the upper surface of the stacked walls and beams are fixed in a horizontal position.On rafter beam set, while if this is used as a log, the diameter should not be less than 11-12 cm, and if the boards, their cross section should not be less than 60 cm. The rafters are attached by means of rail clamps, and between afixed ridge beam.
Next to the rafters laid solid wood flooring under the rolled material, or crate under the slate, decking or metal roofing.Then you can start the device ceiling baths.
ceiling in the Russian bath
The Russian baths are commonly used three types of ceilings: panel, grazing and podshivnoy.Boarded a liner edged beams or decking.On the surface of the resulting vapor barrier is laid, and then expanded clay or basalt slabs, which play the role of insulation and waterproofing seal.Thereafter, the resultant structure is sewn on top of the boards.This ceiling is considered the most durable and easy installation.In addition, it allows you to move around without fear of it, which makes it possible the device attic.
grazing the ceiling used in small baths and without attic, because it does not have high rigidity.On the walls of stacked boards at a distance of 250 cm from each other.They lay a vapor barrier and insulation roll.
ceiling panel type is very difficult to put on their own without the involvement of specialists, but they can be made from the remains of the main building.On this side, they are the most economical.To install the ceiling panel type used shields consisting of supporting bars, inner liner, steam, heat and waterproofing material and appearance of the ladder.When laying the boards placed between the seal to prevent heat loss.Usually this felt with polyethylene liners.
Finish Russian bath
Finish bath should be done only after a full draft of the structure and processing of all wood surfaces with antiseptic compositions.Variants - a huge number, as well as all sorts of decorative items and building materials for decoration of bathroom facilities at hardware stores.It all depends on personal preference and limited financial resources.
Facing stoves, ornamental tiles, original ceilings, wooden shelves, gang carved buckets - each crafted interior is original and unique.
Building a bath - it's difficult, but incredibly exciting process.And it's nice to be every time, inviting guests in a bath created with his own hands, tell them some interesting cases related to its construction!