every Russian likes to bathe in the bath!Well, if there is a sauna and a swimming pool with a cool little water, which gives vivacity and very refreshing after a hot air - it's all great.Of course, the construction of expensive cost in financial terms, if the case to hire specialists.But there is another option - to make a swimming pool for the bath itself.You seem to be too interested in the question of how to build a pool in the bath.And our article will help you learn how to do it correctly.
- Types pools
- Selecting the
- configuration and shape
- bathhouse for the pool project
- Purchase materials
- pit walls of the reservoir
- Plastering pool
- water permeability and waterproofing
- Facing pool
- Tile Mosaic
you always wanted to build on the site a bath, and now thinking about settling basin.Imagine what it must be a future swimming pool, where it is better to place and how to decorate.Let's look f
Stationary pools called the most durable and strong type.They are the foundation of reinforced concrete bowl stands, which is usually installed in a pre-dug hole - to the foundation.Moreover, such designs are of any size and depth.They are divided into dug and ground.
Prefabricated swimming pools are the so-called "temporary" structures.This pool is famous for its mobility: at any time, if desired master bath it can be removed and put elsewhere.The basis of their usually made of PVC, so they are a little smaller than a stationary products for strength, but their advantages lie in the ease, a variety of sizes and shapes, low price pool for a bath and fast installation.
spa pool known as hydro construction.Their distinctive feature is the small size, because they are designed for hydromassage and relaxation.But swimming they are not suitable.Such products are sold ready-made, they are in a special installation, and installation is not needed.Often mistakenly referred to as a Jacuzzi.However, the "Jacuzzi" - it's just the name of the most well-known company that makes them, and the name of the person who has developed a hydro-massage.
For those developers, the area or financial possibilities do not allow to build a large body of water, there are special small pools for the bath.This is a different kind of font and barrels.Small water tanks are made of wood, acrylic or plastic.The volume of wooden barrels on average 350 - 1500 liters, acrylic and fiberglass - 2 - 6 cubic meters.
Although classical models considered the font of wood.The most suitable species for fonts and barrels are oak, beech and larch.However, small fiberglass pools are not less popular, particularly in today's baths.
you have determined the type of pool for a bath.At this stage, first of all, you must decide where it will be located pool: outside or inside the room.From this depends on the size of the future product and especially its use - only in the warm season or all year round.
worth once again remind you that you must take into account how close are located groundwater.Do not place the design closer to the groundwater than one meter.There is a solution to parse the floor in the bath, and the establishment of a foundation recess.But this method is not suitable in the case of a close location to home ground water, because in the future they may erode the foundations.
is imperative to bear in mind that the walls of the reservoir should not touch the walls of the bath, as the water, putting pressure on the wall can cause cracks in them.By the way, even the small pool is able to accommodate a nearly 10 tons of water.Between the walls of the sauna and swimming pool in such cases it is necessary to leave a small gap to be covered with sand.You can also lay foam.
If you decide not to build in the sauna and in the annex, then the best solution is to pre-install a pool special foundation.In this case, you are not afraid of groundwater.
configuration and shape
As with any construction work should start from the creation of the project.The important point is considered to be the way it is planned to build a swimming pool in the bath - from the ground or water should be built into an existing sauna.When drafting the pool is recommended to determine the size, shape, take a decision on summarization and drainage, waterproofing and design.
Think about the shape and size of the bowl of the future reservoir, because these characteristics affect the cost of building the most direct way.The more complex configuration and a significant size, the price index of the cost will be higher.Please note that during the construction of the pool of rectangular shape will save, since less material consumption.But the circular shape is more attractive and in perfect harmony with the surrounding landscape and design.
project to pool bathhouse
If you do not have liked the existing projects, you can order a ready set of drawings for the pool bath with all the hydraulic circuits and explanations of installation.Drawings greatly simplify the installation and construction of the work.
competently compiled project allows:
- calculate dynamic and static load on the pool basin, which is an important consideration when planning a wooden bathhouse with a pond;
- know the impact load of water on soil and structural components of the steam room;
- pick utilities and equipment;
- correctly set mortgages elements;
- take into account all conditions for comfortable and safe operation of facilities;
- calculate the necessary amount of material and to determine the price of construction.
The correct drafting bath with pool specified equipment which is planned to be installed, reagents, methods of water purification and other subtleties.In addition, as part of the architecture is made binding, that provides equipment swimming pool accessories - waterfall, trampoline and slides.
After the design stage and to make certain additions, and bug fixes can begin to take practical steps towards the implementation of the dreams of his swimming pool in the bath.
Materials and equipment that are necessary for building a swimming pool in the bath with your hands, you can buy at any hardware store - in the free market have everything material.Here's what you need:
- cement, which is designed for mixing concrete mixtures;
- tree that will go to the construction of formwork and useful for finishing or individual elements - steps or railings;
- metal fittings, its purpose is to strengthen the elements of the reservoir that are experiencing high loads;
- pumps, simplifies and accelerates the filling of the reservoir of fresh water, as well as the removal of the old water;
- pipes of different diameters;
- special film that serves as a reliable device waterproofing layer structures;
- finishing materials such as tiles, and sheet metal.
After all of the above you can begin to address the issue of how to make a pool in the bath, located on the site.The first step is the excavation, the dimensions of which must be greater than the length and width of the future pool of about two feet, and the depth of - 35-45 centimeters.Initially the bottom do with some bias, but in the deepest part of you need to install before the drain pipe fitting works, which has a diameter of 7-10 cm.
Here we should lay a pipeline with a slight downward slope towards the drainage pit or sewage system, which should be located away from the pool not less than 5 meters.At the bottom of the pit pour a need, smooth and compact the sand in a 4-5 centimeters thick, then a 10-centimeter layer of gravel is not large, which is sealed with a wooden tamping.
After that, the prepared base layer of concrete placed at 10 centimeters, reinforcing mesh, and then - another 10 centimeters of concrete.Such technologies provide the strength and sustainability of the bottom of the pool.Desirably, the concrete has a high coefficient of water absorption of concrete.The best solution would be the use of concrete brand W-8, it is the most dense structure relative to other brands.Besides such concrete absorbs a minimum of moisture.
walls of the reservoir
concreting the pool walls should be done simultaneously with the work related to the concreting of the bottom.After filling the bottom of the set and decided to fix the wooden form panels, placing reinforcing mesh and concrete wall of the pool, shtykovat concrete to achieve fusion of concrete walls and bottom.Such a method of the bath basin device avoids occurrence between the wall and the bottom of the basin seams.
thickness of concrete elements of the pool should be the same - about 20-25 centimeters.Further concreting of walls should be carried out without a long break between fills individual portions, is mandatory to perform shtykovanie with a metal rod and wooden rammer compaction.
And the cup is poured into the pool once, because filling carried out in several stages, will significantly reduce the reliability of the pool.Before the concrete hardens, it is necessary from a "kick out" any air bubbles, the best effect can be achieved by using a vibrating hammer.
final stage of building a swimming pool for a bath with their hands Decorating the walls of the reservoir is considered.Apply the concrete at the bottom and walls need to wait for its solidification.We have to wait about a month before the final drying.It is recommended from time to time to water the surface lightly with water to prevent the cracks that appear on the cracks of.
to developers who, for whatever reason do not want to wait for so long, there is an alternative arrangement of a concrete bowl - it is possible in the construction of a bath with a swimming pool with their hands to use caissons - special metal plates between which to pour the concrete mix and then brew the seams.But in this case, there is one significant drawback: the seams may develop leaks at any moment.Therefore, such an option, albeit a fast and cheap, but, nevertheless, not as reliable.
When the concrete is dry, you need to remove the formwork and begin plastering cement screed, which has a thickness of 22-25 millimeters.To plaster well and long on the surface, it is necessary to use water-resistant structures for repair work with latex.Plastered with such additives will be more elastic and acquire additional water resistance.
water permeability and waterproofing
After this building pools in the bath requires the creation of a waterproofing.The cheapest and fastest option is the flooring of PVC film, which shrouded the whole inside of the bowl.The most thorough option is considered to be covering the inside of the concrete bowl layer of waterproofing material that is applied to the surface is accepted in two layers.The third layer acts as a special adhesive mixture with the addition of latex.
order to decrease water permeability of a cement-sand mixture, which is mixed in a ratio of 1: 3, it is necessary to shut tserezitovoy emulsion: 1 volume tserezita mixed with 10 volumes of water.
cement-sand mortar should be given a doughy, thick consistency.The solution immediately after mixing is necessary to lay on the concrete surface, which is pre-cleaned of dust and dirt and wet with water.When the water is completely absorbed on the surface of the concrete should be applied to improve the adhesion and rub solution.Then his level poluterkom, then carefully rub clean screed trowel.
Finish pool is not rarely combined type.For example, you can draw the bottom using a waterproof cement screeds and walls oblitsevat tile, which is usually pre-settle on plastered walls, cement layer where you just need to level, but on the surface cause the risks that improve adhesion to the tile.
Now that you've learned in practice, how to make a mini swimming pool in the bath, came the final stage of construction works - lining.There are many variations and types of cladding materials.Therefore, you need to decide what will be the color and the final form of the future pool.The most common species are facing finish mosaic tiles and PVC film.Therefore it is necessary to understand, in what are the advantages and disadvantages of each solution.
For pools that are designed for saunas, developed a special porcelain tile.Its advantage is that it is much more dense ceramics and absorbs much less water.
buying tiles for lining the bowl pond must take into account moisture absorption rate, which should not be more than 3%.Tiles made of ceramic is unsuitable for tiling swimming pools, as due to its porosity absorbs water and becomes a breeding ground for algae, mold and bacteria.A low frost resistance, flexibility and heat resistance make it unsuitable for surfaces with a warm bath pool, which is constantly in contact with water.
Therefore your choice should be made in favor of a special porcelain tile for pools.Its cost varies between 25 - $ 35 per square meter.And another point is that the wet surface of the reservoir may be slipping, it is best to buy a tile with a rough surface.
The best from this category is considered to be a mosaic facing material that is molded from a glass.It has good water resistance, density and strength.Scale value mosaic coating is 24 - $ 146 per square meter.
What are the advantages of the mosaic?Because of the small size tiles (1 1 - 5 of 5 centimeters) there are many opportunities for stylistic decisions of these pieces can be put to any surface irregularities, provided design and there are many opportunities that allow to spread various ornaments, pictures and even entirepaintings.An important advantage of the mosaic are embedded in non-porous, amazing durability and reliability.
the cheapest of the coating materials is considered to PVC film having a thickness of 1-1.5 mm.Film has excellent waterproofing properties and is produced in the form of a four-layer, wherein between the third and the second layer is present sturdy mesh of synthetic material.The material is not subject to natural and chemical resistance, it is very easy to clean, has a rough top layer and is resistant to harmful microorganisms.
cost up to $ 10-40 per square meter.It fits using fastening metal strip.On the strip, which is attached to the walls with screws pools, made of plastic coated, and then weld the film to him, placing it under the pre geotextiles.
Thus, it is hardly possible to imagine a modern steam without font or plastic pool for a bath with cool water, and sometimes icy.It is determined that immersion in cold water after heating Good 3-5 minutes provokes active release of endorphins in the bloodstream.The release of these substances has a rejuvenating effect, reduces stress, chronic fatigue and strengthens the body's defenses.