Construction of a small bathhouse at their summer cottage or in the yard of a private house has long ceased to be a luxury.You can order ready-made frame, which will be installed by experts in record time, and you can build yourself a small steam room with a waiting room almost "from that hand."It all depends on your abilities and needs.The only thing that remains the same, and in a huge wooden house and a small bath-house frame - heater.If your budget is large enough, you can find a good stove-fitter, and he built a brick oven to you.But for those who are on a tight budget or just used to doing everything yourself is perfect metal stove for baths - with their hands make it much easier than brick.
- brick or metal: compare and select
- design metal furnace for a bath
- Tools and materials Make
- furnace and heater
- Set the hot water tank
- Set oven
or BrickMetal: compare and select
Of course, choosing a design and material for
principle of action. brick furnace usually operate on a batch.This means that it is necessary to heat the bath first, and only after the process of combustion of fuel, you can use a steam room.Metal furnace must operate continuously (the principle of continuous action).
rate of warming. Warm baths tiled stove is 3-5 hours.This means that you need to heat the bath in advance, which is not always convenient.Best metal oven warm bath capable of putting everything in an hour.Cools it more quickly - for 20-30 minutes.It is this property due to the need for ongoing support combustion in the furnace.
fire hazard. When installing metal furnace is necessary to take a number of additional measures to protect the bath from the fire.The fact that the oven walls are made of a sufficiently thin metal, are heated to very high temperatures, which can lead to inflammation of the surrounding objects or wall cladding.
Heating area. Installing metal furnace in the bath large is possible but impractical.In this case, for a full warm-up you will have to significantly increase fuel consumption.But for a small bath-house - this is exactly what you need.
cost. furnace for metal baths, a drawing of which you will see below, is simple enough to make, and the extra costs it does not require.Even buying a ready-made oven made of metal, you will spend much less than the construction of a brick.It is not so much the cost of the material, but in the service payment good stove-fitter.A device for self-brick stove is not enough simply to be able to do the masonry, there need special skills.
design metal furnace for a bath
Even the "factory" of the furnace for a bath are very different from each other in design, not to mention the homemade.Here, imagination and engineering thought our compatriots cleared to fame.These furnaces are available with open and closed stoves, round and square, vertically and horizontally arranged.They are made from drums, pipes or steel sheets.Sometimes a furnace so that the furnace is in one room, a tank for heating water in another, and a third heater.What
design choose to be solved on the basis of the size of the bath, availability of materials and your skills.We describe in detail how to make a stove that's on this figure:
Tools and materials
Being accepted for the manufacture of metal stoves for bath you need to stock up on these materials and tools:
- sheet steel, thickness from 8mm;
- 50-60cm diameter pipe with a wall thickness of about 1 cm;
- rod or square 10mm thick;
- door latch to the blower, furnaces and heaters;
- tap for hot water;
total need of about 1.8 m pipe, but you can use pieces of shorter length:
- 0.6m - tank;
- Oh, 9th - on the furnace;
rest on cutting parts: the blower door and furnace grate fixing, etc.
Make furnace and heater
So, from a larger piece of pipe manufacture furnace and stove.
Important!There are different designs of metal furnaces for baths.In our case the heater is closed.Splash in the water it will be opening a special door.Such a construction allows the tank to heat water to the optimum temperature, without bringing it to the boil.
First you need to cut a hole in the pipe for the blower.Its size should be about 20cm to 5cm.Over podduvalom on the inside of the pipe welds attaching to grate - metal plate lug.Himself grate can be purchased at specialty stores for the stove-makers or large building supermarkets.
now arrange for the door of the furnace.
Its size should be about 20cm to 25cm.On top is welded metal rods for mounting a heater.Rod should be a minimum diameter of 10mm.Better yet, use for this purpose cast a square of side 1 cm.Instead, you can use a special rod grates made a round metal furnace for a bath.All these products are sold under the same supermarkets.
C opposite from the door of the furnace of the pipe makes a hole in the heater.This is to ensure that, during operation on the stones can be grist.
Fill diabaze or soapstone stove.
Important!Choosing stones for the stove, make sure that they do not have mica.Otherwise, during the operation of the furnace of the stones can be allocated a life-threatening carbon monoxide.Do not use the granite and - under high temperature very rapidly crumble.
welded to the heater cover with a hole for the chimney, cut from a sheet of metal.Install pipe.
Here is the finished metal oven - in the bath can be installed in such a way, but still better to add hot water tank.
Set the hot water tank
remaining piece of tubing, 60cm in length welds on the top cover of the heater.In the lower part can be welded in advance to a hot water faucet.
Passing through the pipe, already slightly cooled in the smoke heater will heat the water without bringing it to a boil.It remains only to make a cover for the tank.For this round billet required diameter (the diameter of the pipe) should be cut in half.In one half to cut a hole under the chimney and welds it to the tank.The second half set the hinged handle and produce for her.In principle, you can do without hinges.Then the free end of the cover will be removed completely, which is not very convenient: in the course of operation of the furnace it gets hot enough.
How should look ready oven, shown in the following video
And here is another method of manufacturing the heater from pipes or drums:
As you can see, the pipe segments are arranged horizontally, one above the other.At the same time plays the role of the lower furnace, and top (cut in half lengthwise) heater.With the end of the structure is heating tank of water flow.
oven trimmed sheet metal and mounted on the channel, which is both a support and podduvalom.
Even during the construction of baths in place the furnace should be laid melkozaglublenny reinforced concrete foundation.Now it is necessary to lay bricks and number 2 you can set the oven.
There are strict rules on the location of the metal furnace in the bath.
furnace installation of metal can be at least 1 m from the wall.In addition, in a room with wooden walls nearest of them should be additionally protected with a layer of bath foil insulation.This prevents overheating and possible fire wood.
Another important point is the isolation of the chimney.Better make it out of the sandwich pipe in which the inner and outer casing layer of insulating material is laid.If the combustion gases is carried out by means of a metal tube (without brick chimney), the ceiling or wall in the place where the pipe goes out, you need to install special ceiling-pass unit.
After installing a furnace can be lined with brick.
It is not only somewhat improved its appearance, but also to avoid accidental burns.In this case the self-made metal bath furnace can be installed at a distance of 20 cm from the wall.
As you can see, everything is quite simple.Of course, there are plenty of other options making such stoves at home, but this model is the simplest to implement and easy to use.