tradition to have a bath on the site has existed since ancient times.Therefore, a new plot of land for housing bath - an indispensable object
bath as the room for washing the body has been known since time immemorial.Russian bath is first mentioned in chronicles of the XI century.In Russian villages in the area next to the house certainly built sauna.Sometimes not even a bath built on the site, and close to the nearest body of water - the river, the lake, so that you can heat with a dip in the cold water.
Despite the fact that now there are other, more modern devices for cleaning - bath, shower, a tradition to have a bath on the site preserved to our time.Therefore, acquiring "a house in the village," first of all citizens interested in the presence of a bath.If the bath no interest in the object is reduced.
The same is true with the purchase of a new plot of land for construction of residential houses.Bath - an indispensable object construction.Often, even that first built room to stay in it for the construction of the house.
course, charge build bathhouse professional builders easier than to build it with his own hands.But this is not always possible.And therefore we have to master the profession builder.Build your bath - it's interesting and exciting.
- From which to build bathhouse
- Wall Materials bath
- materials for insulation and vapor barrier
- materials for the ceiling in the bath
- finishing materials baths
- Selection and sizing material for baths
Bath - a difficult subject.Requirements for the bath, not easier, and in some ways even harder than to the residential building.This directly concerns the choice of materials for its construction.
Wondering what material to build a sauna, you need to bear in mind that this question contains a number of specific questions relating to certain elements of the bath, namely:
material for walls bath.
materials for insulation bath.
vapor barrier material for the walls of the bath.
non-combustible material for a bath.
material for the ceiling in the bath.
Materials for interior finishing baths.
It is far from everything.This article will focus only on those key.
Wall Materials bath
Walls bath - is its basis.The walls define the life of the bath, its longevity.And, not least, comfort in the bath.Most materials used for the walls of the bath:
- combination of materials in the frame structure.
Brick as a material for the walls of the bath is not the best option.Brick walls have high thermal conductivity, with enhanced thermal insulation of walls.Laying of brick walls - a heavy and time-consuming work.Under the brick wall requires an appropriate foundation.
Foam significantly superior insulating qualities of brick.It is easier to brick, which saves the cost of the foundation.
foam is produced in the form of blocks.Standard wall foam block sizes 200h300h600 replaces 13 silicate bricks.The walls of the foam block is not difficult to build your own.The wall of the foam block can "breathe", thus not missing dampness.
Arbolit - the material is a mixture of cement and organic fillers, for the most part - small pieces of wood.On the qualities similar to the foam concrete.The market also contains materials in the form of blocks.Its production process is much simpler than the foam, so its production with their hands directly on the construction site did not pose any difficulty.The disadvantage arbolita is insufficiently high humidity.Construction of arbolita the side exposed to atmospheric moisture, should have a protective coating.
frame technology is the construction of frame walls in the form of grid construction, usually made of beams of different sections, filling cells carcass filler having good thermal insulation qualities and trim frame on the outside and inside walls of the sheet or plate materials.Frame technology is most suitable for the construction of buildings in general and baths, in particular, with their own hands.By judicious selection of materials and it may prove to be the best in terms of material costs.
tree - a traditional material for the walls of baths in Russia.Of wood are considered most suitable pine, larch, cedar.For the manufacture of log bath, the following types of lumber:
- Beam whole.
- Logs cylindered.
- sawn rectangular beam.
- Bruce profiled.
- Glued profiled.
used timber can be dried or natural moisture.Typically used for log lumber natural moisture.The higher the humidity, the greater the shrinkage of the framework.For a complete shrinkage is required from six months to two years.The greatest shrinkage gives felling of logs.Hardly any shrinkage glulam.
You can not just buy the material of the selected profile, and ready to frame out the necessary dimensions.Finished houses allow you to quickly build a wall of the bath.Care should be taken so that all the logs (bars) were numbered log.Otherwise, the assembly will face great difficulty.
basis of the carcass structure is a frame made of sawn lumber or boards.The cells are filled with a skeleton any insulating material.Outside the frame is best to sew board materials, for example, OSB, and then oblitsevat.To cladding used traditional materials: brick, siding, paneling.Bath, built on frame technology, does not shrink.Frame technology is most suitable for the construction of a bath with his hands.
From the considered materials wood, certainly - the best material for the bath, at least for its walls.
materials for insulation and vapor barrier
These materials are inextricably linked.Thermal insulation materials for baths designed to prevent heat loss from the premises of the bath.Heaters are soft, semi-soft and hard.The best insulators considered basalt heaters.This eco-friendly flame retardant material with very low thermal conductivity.There are soft roll and hard basalt heaters.Along with the widespread basaltic mineral and glass wool insulation soft.Solid insulation than basalt used extruded polystyrene, polyurethane foam, Penoizol, foam.Solid insulation technologically more convenient to use.Very good effect is a combination of hard and soft insulation.
Recently, used as insulation ecowool - a new environmentally friendly material.
To prevent the penetration of vapors from the baths in thermal insulation, vapor barrier material is used for the walls of the baths.Currently used materials such as special film.The best known in our market films under the brand name IZOSPAN.For a vapor barrier in the steam room is better to use aluminum foil "Armofol" reinforced glass mesh.
materials for the ceiling in the bath
the ceiling most concentrated hot steam, so the ceiling in bath should have better insulation properties than the walls.The following variants of the ceiling unit:
boarded ceiling constructed by filing bottom boards on the beams resting on the wall.Top of planks laid insulation and heat insulation.All this hiding waterproofing and sewn planks.As you can see, the device similar to the device of the ceiling frame walls.Therefore, a material for a ceiling in the bath can be selected the same as that for the construction of walls for bath frame technology.
grazing ceiling constructed by the flooring planks on the beams.They fit insulation and insulation.Top heater can in no way be covered.As a heater can be used free-flowing materials.
difference in the unit of the ceilings is that in the suspended ceiling beams are hidden under the sheet set, and of grazing, they are inside the bath.When the binder and the flooring panel or used plate - called a ceiling panel.The difference in this case is that the panels (slabs) to work harder because of their large size.Considering that the interior of a bath - is, in fact, the design problem, it is best to leave the question of finishing the ceiling until the total inner liner.A binder or flooring ceiling perform simple materials, which subsequently disappear under the surfacing materials.
If the binder used and the flooring panel or plate - called a ceiling panel.The difference in this case is that the panels (slabs) to work harder because of their large size.
finishing materials baths
Materials for interior finishing baths directly affect the atmosphere of the bath, her comfort and security.Today the market offers a wide selection of materials for finishing baths.The best material for interior finishing bath is a tree.In this particular room baths may dismiss differently.
usual material for finishing is lining.
greatest attention must furnish steam room.High temperature applications require materials that prevent burns body in contact with them.In addition, it is undesirable to finish the pair pine materials due to the release of these resinous substances with strong heating.The cladding material should not be paired knots, since when heated they crack and fall.
most commonly used wood paneling from the following species: linden, alder, aspen, abachi, cedar.
Lipa and abashi have the ability in contact with them to take the body temperature, which prevents burns.Lipa - the most popular for decoration of the baths in Russia.
Aspen - the cheapest material.It has long been used to trim the edges of the pair in northern Russia.It has antibacterial properties.It darkens with time.
alder, black alder - a beautiful material with water-repellent properties.
Cedar better used for headlining.Highlights are many essential oils.Large quantities it can give unpleasant sensations.
Finish washing facilities should be carried out very moisture-resistant material.These properties are larch.Molded from larch does not rot.Service life is practically unlimited.
No special requirements for fit the changing room and locker rooms is not presented.They can be finished with materials of any species, including conifers - pine, fir.
Wood is the basis of finishing materials for the bath.But not only.Of no less interest are non-flammable materials for the bath.They are used to protect the wall from overheating in the area of installation of the heating furnace.
natural minerals such as jadeite, serpentine, talkohlorid are used not only as a fire-resistant materials for the bath, but also as a recreational items.Due to its physical and chemical properties, they have a powerful therapeutic effect on the human body.They are able to reduce and equalize blood pressure, beneficial effects on the kidneys, enhance the body's defenses.
In general, non-combustible materials for the bath are used as a liner for furnace walls and close to it, as well as a floor tile.Jade also used as stones furnace.
Selection and sizing material for baths
Today the Russian market of building materials in the segment "building materials for a bath," a wide range of materials for baths every performance.Therefore, it is advisable to first decide which wall material will be used for the bath.The rest of the material for the construction of baths is determined depending on this choice.Undoubtedly, the best material for the walls of the bath is a tree.Steam can be of a conventional timber, logs, conventional lumber, laminated veneer lumber.Bath frame technology also has a support structure made of beams.Frame bath significantly cheaper purely wooden.By selecting bath walls, you can select other required material and complete the full payment of the material for the bath.You should also do when choosing a wall of bricks or foam arbolita.To perform the calculation of the materials necessary for a bath bath plan showing all its dimensions.And then it is advisable to consult a specialist.Sellers materials will calculate the necessary amount of each material and determine its price (of course, based on their price!).But knowing the required amount of materials for the construction of a bath, you can contact other organizations that sell each specific material.As a result, to calculate the total cost of materials for the bath.