Sauna (sauna) - in Finnish means "bath".Somehow, in Russia meant a sauna steam room with dry steam.It is assumed that the sauna was invented Finns.This is not true.The Finns have never had a sauna.And nowhere in the world.This "sauna" and come up with some reason called the Finnish word we, Russian.There's even a graduation as "dry sauna", "wet sauna" and "steam bath".Replace the word "sauna" in the "bath".In this work, the first - a "Finnish" sauna, the second - a Russian sauna, and the third - a Turkish hammam.Russian bath and Finnish sauna in its traditional version - it's the same thing.This bath with steam room, where the temperature is usually not higher than 100 ° C and average humidity.That's a sauna interior decoration and we'll talk later.Bearing in mind that the desired host sauna it can be brought to the modes as dry or steam.
Building sauna should be kept in mind that finish saunas with their hands - not an easy job.To have a sauna th
- requirements for finishing materials
- Types and features wood for finishing saunas
- process finishes
- Application materials and the cost of finishing the sauna
- design features walls in the sauna
requirements for finishing materials
require special attention sauna material.Inside the sauna with high temperature should be completely ruled out the risk of burns.Therefore it is not allowed to use materials capable of heat exceeding 50-60 ° C.Virtually should renounce the use of the sauna any material other than wood.
But there are exceptions.For lining the walls of the oven and near it uses natural minerals (jadeite, serpentine, Talkohlorit).Ceramic tiles cover the floor.
Do not use resinous wood for all the details, which can be touched, such as door handles, or take them over.Do not use it for finishing the ceiling.
completely eliminated by the use of the sauna finish inside the steam room of paints.
protection used wood from excessive moisture can be carried out only with special water-repellent agents.When using these materials, natural wood color does not change.
Types and features wood for finishing saunas
Currently on the market an abundance of wood materials for finishing the sauna.Therefore, the correct choice, you must first familiarize yourself with the properties and characteristics of different types of wood.Our ancestors knew a lot about the usefulness of different types of wood, the possibilities of their healing effects on the body, the ability to weaken the disease, preserve health.
In addition to the healing properties of a harmonious finish sauna will bring aesthetic pleasure.As a result, we have a foretaste of the forthcoming visit to the sauna will generate positive emotions and improve your mood.
most frequently for interior decoration materials used in the sauna wood of the following species:
- Abasha - African oak.It does not emit tar.Without knots.Lightweight, durable.When heated, it does not burn, so is ideal for the manufacture of elements in contact with the body.It features high cost.
- Cedar.Used Canadian, Ussuri, Altai.It is easy to be processed.Resistant to moisture, temperature extremes.Does not rot, is not afraid of insects and fungi.Very nice stuff, rich in essential oils.Healing cedar aroma has a calming effect, eliminates harmful microbes.In folk medicine, it is considered to be a healer, store energy.
- Lipa.The material is hard and durable.It does not crack.The products have a pale pink color.Dispenses a pleasant smell, it has healing properties.It recommended for diseases of the lungs.Lipa in most cases made finishing saunas in Russia.
- black alder.After treatment, velvety surface.It has medicinal properties, it does not overheat, preventing burns.It does not emit tar.When heated, there is a reddish hue, which disappears on cooling.It gives a special effect and aesthetic pleasure while in the sauna.
- Larch.It belongs to the pine family.Mechanical properties almost equal to oak.The wood is reddish with a silky shine.Resinous.Larch Sawn timber containing a large number of volatile production, providing a beneficial effect on human health.It features a long service life.Age 100 years for products from larch in conditions of high humidity and mechanical stress - no time.
- pine and spruce.Only in the northern growing areas.Especially the Finnish pine and spruce.Thick durable wood.Resistant to moisture and the emergence of fungi.There are pleasant aroma.From the materials of pine and spruce often make their Finnish sauna.
- Aspen.Low-budget version of a finishing material for the sauna.The wood is soft, easy processing.It does not contain tar.Usually it has a white color.The main drawbacks - with time darkens exposed wood diseases.Impregnation can be alleviated.
- Birch.Homogeneous structure, strong.When drying may curl.The wood has a dull luster.This tree reduces suffering, helping patients regain strength and recover.
tuning into such a difficult job, as the wall of the sauna with his hands, review and analyze the information on this topic.Visualize what it looks like and the process is finished finishing saunas, photos and videos posted on the Internet.
Interior finish sauna performed in sequence: floor, ceiling, walls.
Application of wooden floors in the sauna is irrational because of the difficulty of drying.Consequently, in the sauna with time an unpleasant putrid odor.
Paul saunas better cover the ceramic tiles.
If the floor is supposed to perform a finishing ceramic tiles, it is necessary under the concrete base.At the same time the foundation is laid in the place of installation of the furnace.It must rise above the floor level by approximately 100 mm.Near the place of installation in the base of the furnace is the water collecting sump.From the outside it appears a drain pipe with a diameter of 50 mm.
substrate must have a slope of 1: 100 to the side of the pit and carefully aligned using a screed thickness of 20-30 mm.
best floor covering is clinker tiles, because its surface is not slippery, even on a wet floor.
Tiling starts at the corner of the most visible from the entrance to the sauna.To the base of the floor tiles fixed with special heat-resistant glue.It is applied to the base of the floor and leveled to a thickness of 1-2 mm comb spatula.Tiles are placed face down for a snug fit to the base of a wooden, plastic or rubber mallet and aligned using a spirit level.The joints of the tiles fit the crosses to ensure equal width joints.Typically, the width of joints is selected to be 1-4 mm.Excess adhesive in the joints once removed.
For cutting tiles used tile cutter or Bulgarian.
After drying the adhesive solution is produced grouting.For this purpose, metal and rubber spatulas.The color of grout can pick up the tone or different tiles to create contrast.After grouting the floor wiped with a damp sponge or cloth.
on the floor, covered with ceramics, it is necessary to put a wooden lattice - the stairs, which are easily dry out.
ceiling experiencing the most intense heat.The best option is the ceiling of the sauna podshivnoy ceiling.It is based on beams of boards section 150h50 mm.On top of the beams laid flooring edging boards.
Inside attached to the boards stapler waterproofing film.The height of the beams provides stacking three layers of basalt insulation thickness of 50 mm.
Insulation cover vapor barrier film or aluminum foil "Armofol."On beam for the gap between the foil and interior trim nails or screws are fixed slats thickness of 20-30 mm and a length between about 50-60 cm. Klyaymerami attached to the rail board lining.
When using the stove, requires the chimney in the ceiling to provide a fire under a special flange or ceiling-pass unit.They can be purchased in stores that sell furnaces for saunas and baths.
After headlining proceeds to trim the walls.It should consider the following.The sauna room should be a constant flow of clean fresh air.It is considered a mandatory six-fold air exchange per hour.Normally, the principle of natural ventilation.To do this, the walls should be provided the supply and exhaust air ducts connected to the outside.Hole supply channel is not higher than 0.5 m from the floor as close as possible to the location of the furnace.Exhaust duct is made in the wall opposite to the location of the furnace at a height of about 0.5 meters from the ceiling.It closes with an adjustable valve hatches.The supply channel can be replaced by a gap below the door or make a hole in the door, closed grille.
Finish sauna wall paneling made.Perhaps the vertical and horizontal arrangement of the wall lining.In both cases, the cladding begins with uprights fastening them.Racks are mounted vertically to the wall with nails or screws.It is important that the rack be located in the same vertical plane.For this, first in the corners fastened extreme strut and is tensioned therebetween twine.As it stands the rest are set in increments of 590 mm, for tight placement of insulation between them.
then laid on the wall and is attached staples waterproofing film.In the film between racks stacked basalt insulation and a vapor barrier is closed, which is attached brackets to the uprights.Across the rack rails are attached to them to ensure that the air gap between the insulation and paneling.It is attached to the rail siding klyaymerami.
In horizontal sequence of lining skin is the same, but there is no need for rails.Molded directly attached to the posts.To do this, they need to act on the insulation of 20-30 mm for the gap between the lining and a vapor barrier.Boarding begins lining the bottom.The bottom board is set up comb.
At the location of the furnace walls of the sauna are faced with non-combustible materials.Preferably, the use of natural minerals - jadeite, serpentine, soapstone.The same materials can be lined furnace itself.
door to the sauna should be no larger than 70h190 cm. The wooden door is usually made of linden.Very good door of abashi.This tree does not heat up much, which eliminates burns when touched to the door.You can use the glass door.Such doors for saunas are made of tempered glass.
If the sauna windows are provided, they are usually made for a good double insulation.And located as far as possible at a low altitude and heat conservation reasons.
Lighting sauna should be done only by special termovlagozaschischennymi lamps.The best option is to use lighting lighting equipment based on optical fibers.In this light source is located outside the steam room.
The use of materials and the cost of finishing the sauna
To finish saunas individual structural elements using materials from different types of wood.The first choice of material is determined by its properties.But often indifferent while the price of materials.
the price level in the market of the most used materials for cladding saunas are distributed in the following order: aspen, basswood, abashi, Canadian cedar, alder.Ussuri and Altai cedar significantly cheaper than its Canadian "relative", but not as widely used.Of the less common materials the most valuable in terms of properties and more expensive compared with birch, larch is.
not practical to decorate all elements of sauna wood of the same breed.The most interesting finish is obtained using a combination of different species.At the same time, depending on the range of materials that will be finish saunas, their price can vary significantly.
elements that can touch the body, always made of wood a low heat capacity and thermal conductivity.These materials include abashi and alder.It is particularly important that these materials were fabricated shelves.
design features walls in the sauna
Design wall and ceiling sauna can get the original when used for their wood paneling of different varieties.For example, Canadian cedar, dark enough material is combined with sugar-white abashi.Large surfaces, trimmed cedar can create undesirable concentration of essential oils.Application together with it a different material creates the desired atmosphere in the sauna.
reasonable and creative combination of materials that will reduce the cost of finishing the sauna while improving design.
tuning into such a difficult job, as the wall of the sauna with his hands, review and analyze the information on this topic.A lot of it was published on the Internet.Visualize what it looks like and the process is finished finishing saunas, photo and video materials.
Undoubtedly, from the process of finishing the sauna and the results you will get great satisfaction.And most importantly - the execution of your dreams - a sauna, trimmed by hand.