As in residential buildings, bath ventilation should arrange, in accordance with the requirements established for ventilation and air extraction.It is not enough to build a sauna from a bar or a log, you must also re-create the enabling environment to serve correctly to people's health.Proper ventilation in these areas is considered key to vitality for all lovers take a steam bath.
- adequate ventilation in the bath
- Ventilation Requirements in the bath
- Natural ventilation in the bath
- wind pressure
- Forced ventilation in the bath
- consequences of improper ventilation
- Creating ventilation in the sauna
- calculation air
- selection of sections ducts
- ventilation and stove in the bath
- Air intake
- outflow of air heating and ventilation system
- About chimney
adequate ventilation in the bath
first thing you feel like going to the steam room, it's like on the respir
Also steam rooms, a sauna and there is washing room, recreation room and a waiting room, which also need to create a normal ventilation.When the humidity is big, pleasant - a little.For example, it is impossible to wipe dry.Excessive moisture is known as a cause of mold and mildew, and rot in the construction of saunas.Signs of poor ventilation in the sauna: the presence on the ceiling and walls of the condensate, no traces of fat on the exhaust grille resistant unpleasant musty odor.
Ventilation Requirements in the bath
ventilation in the bath to make such general requirements:
- main rule when creating ventilation in the bath - if there is a flow of air, it is imperative to create and outflows in the same volume.The outflow and inflow must be adjustable and have a projected direction.
- controlled to the direction of air flow was from the living area to the health and economic nodes, for example, from the waiting room to the vestibule.
- Display exhaust riser above the roof or inside the premises.It concerns the forced and natural ventilation.
- When mechanical air exchange fresh air is through a ventilation grille, which is set at a level higher than two meters from the ground.
- exhaust air from the room or vacation waiting room arrange through the washing compartment or the toilet.
- If you use a gas water heater in the bath, the exhaust air is carried away in the individual air ducts.
- in doubles fresh air make the bottom at the level of not higher than half a meter from the floor near the bathhouse furnace.
- As a rule, a hole with a latch necessary to arrange for the drawing at the top of the opposite wall.
- hot air that comes out of steam on air, it is advisable to use for heating bathing facilities.
- is desirable to use a combination of effective air ventilation system of the Finnish sauna - forced and natural.
- ventilation system in the bath must provide at least three times the air exchange in the rooms (except the steam room) for an hour.For example, if the volume of the room 10 cubic meters, then 1 hour there should arrive no less than 30 cubic meters of fresh air.
Natural ventilation in the bath
Natural ventilation is performed by the difference in air pressure inside and outside the bath, as well as its degree of vacuum in the beginning and at the outlet ducts.Benefits of natural ventilation - on the face.No need to install special expensive ventilation equipment.
Aeration Aeration is a good example of air exchange in the sauna bath when it arrives fresh air from the bottom of bath furnace and the exhaust exits from the top.In this case, the simple rule - cold fresh air enters from the bottom, displacing the lighter warm-up.
This type of ventilation is recommended in rooms with considerable heat.If still in the steam room and increased humidity, the water vapor enriched exhaust air, further enhances the effect of ventilation.
wind pressure is the air pressure depends on the force of the wind.The higher upwind bath wind power, the windless side with greater thin air.Due to such differences, and made natural ventilation, ie through the gaps in the room on the windward side of fresh air enters, displacing the air in the direction of the discharged waste.
However, this factor may be the cause of admission into the cold air and the emergence of drafts.Therefore konopatka log, sealing the exterior walls, doors and windows in the bath are of great importance.
Forced ventilation in the bath
mechanical or forced ventilation is used in cases where natural ventilation is not able to provide in the production and business and residential premises required ventilation.Ventilation should be provided with special ventilation equipment: air filters, fans, air heaters, air conditioning and umbrellas.
To remove from the bath wet air pollution with harmful substances impurities is ventilation in the sauna house.Exhaust ventilation systems in a bath made with an electric motor fitted with a fan and cleaning filters.Particularly relevant ventilation in rooms bath with a swimming pool, washing offices and rest rooms, where going to a large crowd of people.
extraction can effectively remove excess moisture, harmful gases and odors, making the air healthy and clean.Using only provokes negative pressure ventilation air that is offset by the influx of outside air.If you create too much air around the room formed drafts.To eliminate this, do forced ventilation forced through.
Ventilation Ventilation is able to provide fresh air.Exhaust air due to the increased pressure is removed through the windows, doors and ventilation grills, and partly through the gaps in the floor, walls and ceiling.Sometimes the hot air is its combination with a special heater in deciding whether to heating.
Forced ventilation in contrast to the above-mentioned types of complicated.In addition to the supply air duct and fan, it may include a different ventilation equipment - muffler, tributary cameras, check valves, grilles and diffusers.
Combined supply and exhaust ventilation system consists of a suction and air flow.In the application of such a scheme of ventilation in the sauna, it is important to carry out a pre-payment of air in a ventilated area.The amount of fresh air should ideally be equal to the volume of the displaced.
Sometimes this relationship is disrupted specifically for the creation of the flow direction of air.For example, if there is a toilet in the bath, then to avoid falling into the other rooms of unpleasant odor, it is possible to apply the thin air, creating an artificially low blood pressure.Air from the room pressurized while being guided in the low-pressure zone, i.e. in toilets, and not vice versa.
consequences of improper ventilation
Durability baths, including a steam room, depends directly on proper ventilation.No matter that the wood is the most environmentally friendly building materials, it is subjected to processes of mold and rot.Improperly designed ventilation system in the steam room only accelerates these processes.And then a guaranteed useful life of wooden structures converted into harsh baths of 20 five to six years.
For a man of great importance odors.Steam is a place where proper ventilation or its absence creates a negative prerequisite for the accumulation of metabolic waste products that are released when sweating.And if you add to this the smells that are released by mold, you get a fabulous bouquet of "flavors".Over time, the floor, walls, shelves and ceiling can absorb an odor so that instead of the benefit and pleasure of visiting the bathhouse, you will experience disappointment.
Everyone wants when visiting the baths improve their health, and a good sweat from the body to expel the accumulated toxins and wastes.Improper ventilation of heat and humidity will create a favorable environment for the development of disease-causing microbes, and you get nothing but harm instead of good.
Creating ventilation in the sauna
In the bath hardly will manage exclusively natural ventilation and frequent windings paired after each visit.This is true in the summer, but in the cold with getting into the room air is fresh and cool baths, and the cold is not the best companion when you remove excessive moisture bath facilities.If the bath has a swimming pool, or the washing compartment, the exhaust ventilation is necessary in any case to make.
can recommend such a project ventilation saunas:
- bath - a natural outflow and inflow;
- Shower - exhaust fan;
- Lounge and dressing room - natural ventilation;
- Harvesting - the exhaust fan when you turn on the light.
Before starting the installation of mechanical ventilation is recommended to calculate the volume of air that is applied and removed from the premises of the bath.Required amount of fresh air or a remote sought as volume ventilated room for ventilation rate - a number that indicates how many times the air in the room should switch to fresh for one hour.For example, in a room with a volume of 10 cubic meters at a multiplicity of 1.5 is necessary to ensure a flow of fresh air 15 cubic meters per hour.
Thus, to begin with, determine the volume of space in the bath, and calculate for each of them the right amount of fresh air to match the coefficient of multiplicity: washing 50, 50 toilet, dressing room 3, 5 steam room, massage room 5. These values are rounded up soway to the last digit received 5 or 0.
Sum calculated volumes for the supply and exhaust individually.Compare these values.If the influx of more than the drawing, in order to achieve balance is to increase extraction to premises in which there is a minimum value of air.Otherwise, the organization requires additional air flow.Calculate the results on the final section of the duct and pick up the kind of ventilation.
selection of sections ducts
How to choose a profile for air in the bath depends on the characteristics of the ventilation system and the bathhouse.Round air ducts are easier to install than rectangular.Sale connecting fittings for them in any DIY stores in a large assortment.Selection of cross-sections of round and rectangular duct made of produce special tables that can be found on the network.Be sure to note the stock in the air exchange.
Remember that the total capacity in the bath supply fans, in practice, should be less than 5-10% of the performance exhaust fans.It is necessary that the exhaust air has been expelled in the exhaust ventilation completely.The stock exhaust ventilation hood goes on the air that enters through cracks, windows and doors, thus ensuring the balance of the inflow-outflow.
ventilation and stove in the bath
Modern technologies allow proper ventilation in the bath the most qualitative way.Today, there are opportunities to adjust the humidity and temperature of the air, provide heating and fresh air.But such ventilation equipment cost is very expensive.Therefore, it is advisable to stop the choice on traditional methods, which are time-tested.
influx of air into the bath will depend precisely on the stove.Generally, the furnace is placed inside the steam oven or in an adjacent room with her.In this case, heating is performed using a tunnel furnace.Typically, the metal furnace obkladyvayutsya four sides brick or stone slabs.
obkladyvaya brick oven in the bath, remember that the width of the slits facing that will provide partial ventilation in the bath.Tunnel furnace draped loosely with a clearance of 0.5 - 1 cm.The steam room, where is located the main part of the stove, the front wall made obkladyvat 3 rows of bricks.When will it be imposed, have to worry about ensuring the flow of fresh air - the wood will not burn without oxygen.
ventilation in the furnace often hold special channel underfloor.His conclusion is directly next to the furnace in a place where is placed a metal sheet to protect the floor bathhouse from the coals and sparks.To create the necessary vent duct, the diameter of which exceeds 20% of the diameter of the chimney.The air must come directly from the street, not from the underground baths to avoid odor penetration.
can create floor ventilation in the sauna with their hands.Bring along the walls to the street airbox.But no matter what type you equip the ventilation duct in the bath, it is necessary to close the bars inside the box, and insect screen outside.If
furnace located in the steam room, then you need two boxes: for ventilation and convection ventilation.It is convenient to recreate the podium.From the wall where the vent done, put three rows of bricks on edge: the first row near the wall, then in the middle and on the edge.
Stick height of 24 centimeters masonry.Laying brick make up the screen and close the top brick.In a place where the stove is located, the last couple of bricks are not put to the air for the furnace of the blower duct, then lay the butt.The second box is necessary to complete and insert stove ash door in his face.Under door enclose something that does not scratch the floor.When ready
podium, it set the stove.To evenly distribute the load on the brick box, you can set the oven to the metal plate or area.The furnace was then draped, and then build a house with 2 convection screen doors, providing heating steam and hot air ventilation.
After the main heat pump equipment is necessary to ensure the outflow of air.The most appropriate option would be the installation ottochnogo box diagonally to the supply.It provides good ventilation steam.If one wall "shirt" made of brick goes to the dressing room, it is necessary to bring him to the door still warm and dry.
is important to establish the correct box.The combustion air in this case is made from the bottom, in the region close to the floor 25 centimeters.Further ventilation is carried out through the wall near the ceiling and into the street.Mount duct design of plastic ventilation ducts.Obsheyte its top lining to duct beautiful look without breaking the interior bathhouse.Typically, the box area 125 square centimeters and 10% addition.