Today, more and more you can see how the owner of a country house with their own hands to build bathhouse on the site, putting in all the work of their skills.And if the construction of the walls and roof of the bath can usually be overcome easily, when you create an element such as a door, it may be a number of questions about how to make a door for a bath, how to install, what materials to use, what should be the size of doorsin the bath.Many people, when faced with difficulties in these matters, throw up their hands and become a ready-made door for a bath.In fact, the door to the bath to make your own hands is quite capable to everyone who has the necessary tools, skills in working with them, as well as the desire and time.
- kinds of doors for bath
- features doors in the bath
- size door in the bath
- materials for doors baths
- Door bath
- Manufacturing of doors in the bath
- Create a door leaf in a bath
- We produce fittings and piping door
- clapboard sheathing and assembly of the door
- How to install the door in the bath
kinds of doors for bath
Since bath consists of several rooms, each of which performs its functions,for the protection of each need their own door.Samih doors in the bath should be at least two: the steam room in the recreation room and the entrance.But the rooms themselves in the bath can be and more.This washing and dressing room, and a relaxation room, and each is necessary to establish its door for the type of room.
Today, there are three kinds of doors for bath:
- deaf wooden doors .These doors are wooden cloth, consisting of grooved boards, covered with clapboard.Often these doors make odnoramnymi, but some craftsmen can produce and two sash design.Two sash doors is somewhat more complicated to manufacture, but have excellent insulating properties;
- glass doors .The most common glass doors installed in the sauna and traditional Russian banya are a little fit.In addition, on the door for a bath the price depends on the materials used and the wood will be much cheaper than the special heat-resistant glass.And for those who want to save by making a door for a bath with his hands, the glass is not the best choice.Not to mention the fact that the glass door completely do it yourself does not work.But today many prefer the beautiful interior at the expense of practicality and willing to pay for factory glass door;
- combined door .For those who can not decide which is better - wood or glass, it is their combination.The frame and the lower part of the door is made of wood and the upper part is a box made of glass.
features doors in the bath
In the manufacture of doors for baths should take into account two main criteria - a high level of humidity and high temperature inside the bath.Of course, in the lounge or waiting room a microclimate that is different from the steam room and washing, but the room - this room, where the heat and humidity are almost constant.On the basis of these features bath and created a door for her.The first hallmark of the door to the bath is its size, the second feature - it is the materials used, the third - supplies.
size door in the bath
Producing the door for a bath, the size is determined, based on the principle of maximum conservation of heat during the opening and closing of the door.Therefore, all the doors in a bath are smaller than conventional.Recommended optimum height of the door to the bath is 150 - 185 cm from the floor, and the width of 55 - 70 cm. Particular attention should be paid to the threshold.It must be higher than 15 cm. But such small dimensions doors used only for washing and steam room door.Size baths changing room door or the entrance door can be full.
materials for doors baths
As noted earlier, the doors to the bath can be used as glass , and tree .Glass must be of a certain type that can withstand high temperatures.But the best material for the door bathhouse remains wood.And for several reasons.Firstly, at high temperatures, it identifies tree healthy substance.Second, the timber is open, easily handled, that allows to make doors themselves.
For doors baths originally used "bath" wood.This can be larch , cedar , linden , aspen , oak .These rocks have a number of qualities that promote recovery during bath procedures.In deciding to use wood, it is necessary to consider that on the door to the bath price will depend on the cost of wood.The more valuable tree species, the higher the total cost of the door.In order to somehow reduce the cost of materials, door leaf can be made of cheaper wood, and then her clapboard sheathing of valuable species.
When choosing fittings, special attention should be paid to materials with low thermal conductivity and resistance to high humidity.For example, using metal handles and latches, it is possible from accidental contact burns.Therefore, try to do as accessories of wood.
This applies to handles and latch, but the hinges are best taken in brass, but if you can not find such, the metal hinges necessarily need to paint a special anti-corrosion paint.As the doors of the baths will open to the outside, then the chance of getting accidental burns from touching the loops is reduced to zero.
Manufacturing of doors in the bath
determine the type of doors and wood for them, you can begin to work on the production.The works themselves will require the master certain skills in dealing with woodworking tools and understanding of the workflow.For beginners, the process may seem a little complicated, but it's just a matter of experience.If you have previously never made the door, for starters, you can buy some pine boards and train them.In the future, this will make the door to the bath without difficulty.
Since most suitable door for a bath is blank wooden door, it is on her example and will be considered by the whole process of the door.Production of doors in the bath begins with the purchase of the necessary materials:
- decking floor board 50 mm wide and 30 mm thick;
- board for strapping 60x80 mm;
- lining 12h96 mm;
- loops 3 pcs .;
- screws and pins for furniture hardware.
of the tools you will need:
- hand circular saw;
- router with a set of cutters;
- mallet and a hammer;
- tape measure, level and caliper with depth gauge.
Create a door leaf in a bath
Production of doors starting with the creation of the web.To do this, you must do the following:
- Take stable planks and cut them to length.
Important!The main thing to remember that the total height of the door consists of leaf height and strapping bars.Therefore, the length of the boards take into account that the top and bottom bar will be.For example, the total height of 150 cm, thus the length of the board web to be 143 cm. Of which 25 mm at the top and bottom will be hidden in the piping as a cleat.
- Next, in one of the planks cut off the spike, then the puffer surface of each board with both sides seeking to obtain a flat surface.Usually enough to remove 1.5 - 2 mm in order to achieve the desired result.Ideally, you have a smooth board thickness of 26 mm.
- begin to gather fabric.To start doing the dirty assembly by inserting a spike into the groove of the board the other, trying to connect them more tightly.The result is a web is slightly larger in width than necessary.There is nothing to worry about.To get the desired width fabric have to cut a little bit from the first and last board.
- parts in the correct size of less 70 mm the width of the door, noting it on the canvas, we remove the first and last board.Now, on the circular saw cut off from them superfluous.The main thing - do not cut off at the first board side with the spine, and the last - the side with the groove.
- now collect plaque in a single fabric.To do this on a flat surface of a table or workbench decompose board and simply insert the spike of one board into the groove of the previous pre-lubricate the groove inside the PVA glue.For a tight connection egged each board mallet.
- reserve cloth to dry for 2 - 3 days.That during drying the web is not led, it must be affixed on the bench.To do this, fasten the two wooden slats on the bench between them longitudinally placed door leaf.For tight fit trying to drive small wooden wedges between one bar and the door leaf.On top of a sheet of canvas laid particleboard and pressed him to the table clamps.
- After the final drying, check fabric for minor defects - cracks, roughness.The slots are sealed with a mixture of glue and sawdust, and smooths uneven plane.
We manufacture accessories and harness door
While until dries web can engage in the manufacture of handles and bolts, as well as the strapping for the door.All work will be as follows:
- Purchased earlier bars for binding cut to the desired length.Vertical bars are pruned according to the height of the door.Those that will be placed below and above the door must be less.For example, door height of 150 cm, and the mean length of the vertical bars for binding should be 150 cm. If the door width 60 cm, the length of the upper and lower bars for binding should be less than 7 cm, and is 53 cm.
- The resulting preform bars need to select the slot.To do this, a router and an end mill first choose a narrow and deep groove.Its width will be 26 mm, and a depth of 25 mm.Then, over a chosen wide but shallow groove 50 mm wide and 10 mm deep.Such a stepped groove in the piping required for the fabric, covered with clapboard.In a deep stable planks will, and in a fit lining.
- on the horizontal bars using strapping cutters do step spike, exactly corresponding to the groove.Upon completion of the collect box strapping and square check the correct angles.If necessary dotachivaem groove cutter to get the perfect right angles.
- to create handles and bolts using either trim bars and planks or pre-purchased piece.Some craftsmen carved or decorated handle figures, but the most simple can be cut with a hacksaw usual.To do this, the workpiece is transferred to the sketch and then simply cut out the superfluous.The bolt is manufactured similarly.For it is necessary to cut two brackets, which will be free to move the bolt tongue.
clapboard sheathing and assembly of the door
Now you sheathe clapboard canvas piece together the wooden door to the bath and make the door frame.To do this, you must do the following:
- Door leaf treated with a special composition from decay and the emergence of mold and mildew.This is recommended for all types of wood except for aspen.
- Next to outline the contour of the door leaf is indented from the edge of 15 mm, to mark the edges of lining.Now take the strap lining, cut to the required length and fasten them to the door.All lining has a tongue and groove, so simply typing its earlier boards for door leaf.Sami strap fastened to the canvas with the help of small nails or screws, which hides in the groove plank bunks.
- The next step is to install the piping in place for the entire web.To do this, we take the prepared bars, treat them in the same vehicle from rotting as canvas, and then set in place the vertical bars, then horizontal.So they sat firmly in place, seek their mallet.To provide additional strength in the grooves of the upper bar and the vertical bars in the slots add PVA.Lower the bar set in place without glue to repair the door in case it can be fairly easy to remove.Finally in the end of the strapping bars are screwed screws: 2 for short bars and 3 for long.
- final stage of the assembly is installed on the door handles and seat bolt.To do this, is scheduled for the door of the installation.At the end of the handles and brackets zasverlivaem bolt holes to a depth of about 4 cm. Then we take a smaller diameter drill bit and attach to the door zasverlivaem through hole and at the same time capturing the door.We take a long screw and is screwed until it stops.Screws must be 2 - 2.5 cm to enter the door leaf.Similarly we proceed with the second fixing hole for the handle.The mounting holes on the wooden insert a pin or cut the plug on top and grind sandpaper.Similarly perform Bracket bolt.
After assembling the leaf begin to create the box.To do this, use rectangular or square bars 100x100 mm.For the manufacture of these boxes is enough to cut the desired length and selecting quarter by means of the cutter.The main thing is that the depth of a quarter was 5 mm larger.This is important because the wooden door in the bath under the influence of moisture and swell may jam.It is also necessary to remember that the upper vertical strip will be somewhat less than the overall width of the door frame, and the threshold adjustment should be at least 15 cm. The compounds of the box along the edges of the boards of the top and bottom struts cut grooves and the edges of the upper limit of the threshold and cut spikes.Before installing the boxes collect it and check the correctness of a square corners.If necessary dotachivaem slots being processed against decay and proceed to install the door in place.
How to install the door in the bath
Now that the door to homemade bath is ready, you can install it.It starts installation of doors in the bath with everything slots in the doorway.The grooves do 5 - 10 mm longer than the width of the box, it is necessary that during installation could correct vertical position of the door, rasperet it using wedges.Thereafter, the grooves set box.At the same time important not to confuse, which will open the door.
Important!Reminder - doors should swing open outward.
Then we start an upper horizontal bar, then prop it uprights.At the bottom of the threshold laid.Using the level monitor the vertical position of the box.Align vertically into the gaps between the wall and the box to drive a wedge, thereby fixing the box in place and fasten it to the wall with dowels, pre Drill holes for them.Once the box is securely attached, proceed to the installation of hinges for the door leaf.The first loop is placed at a height of 20 - 25 cm from the top edge of the door, the second at a height of 40 - 50 cm and a third at a height of 20 - 25 from the lower edge.This uneven arrangement will save the door from warping, especially if the fabric has received heavy.Left hang door leaf, fill the perimeter of the box roll of felt and seal the gap between the frame and the wall.
There are several ways to manufacture makeshift door to the bath, and each master can select the most appropriate.Needless to manufacture improvised door for a bath - it is rather complicated, and it should be approached with great responsibility.But the result could surpass all expectations.Of course, in this troublesome case can not do without trial and error, but for those who like to do everything with your hands, do not get used to this.