time immemorial baths were very popular in Russia, and more recently, the structure began to experience a rebirth associated with individual housing boom.Almost every summer cottage or country house adjacent to the territory of the hosts arrange a bathhouse.And many of them do not avoid to build the furnace for a bath himself.If you can plan wisely and build the stove in accordance with our instructions, it will fill the bath the special atmosphere of health and vigor.
- Lining of walls and partitions
- foundation for the furnace
- choice of material
- Masonry 1 - 7 series
- Masonry 8 - 23 rows
- Chimney channel
- Quality control of masonry
- Drying Ovens for bathhouse
- Plastering the furnace
- Staining furnace
- Facing glazed tiles
- Facing the oven tiles
Many owners of summer cottages and country houses at the moment, having minimum skills in construction, self-erecting bath and sauna stoves set the
Typically, in the steam room furnace arranged in such a way that one part of the structure responsible for heating the paired premises, and the rear - to maintain the level of heat in a waiting room and a recreation area.With regard to the selection of material for this structure, it is possible to use the residues that remain after the main building.Of course, you can buy the materials.
Work will progress much faster if prepared in advance all of the tools.Right from the oven, place the trowel, a bucket with a solution, hammer and level, to the left from the oven, place a bucket of water, sand circle, garbage pail, shovel, pencil, square, flat and sheet poryadovkoy.
Prior to laying check the placement of future construction.For this purpose, dry lay the first row and the first row of masonry chimney.Then lower the plumb line to the corners of the chimney from the ceiling to ensure adequate space for the fire cutting.
Lining of walls and partitions
If internal partitions in a bath made of combustible material, you should carry out the following work.The opening under the firebox and the section of the wall where the opening is made and which is outside the body of bath furnace, sew asbestos board, and place on top of a sheet of metal, which has a thickness of not less than 4 millimeters.The minimum distance from the body of the furnace to the partitions and walls, which are unprotected asbestos and sheet metal, can be 320 mm, protected skin - about 260 millimeters.
stone oven in a Russian bath itself is quite heavy construction, so it is necessary to strengthen the construction of the base, that is, you should make a foundation for the bathhouse stove.Angle of steam, which will be located the device must be insulated and fastened, as in the winter in this place will be observed a large peak amplitude temperatures, which can lead to cracking in the building.
foundation for the furnace
First you need to dig a pit, which has a depth of about 0.7 meters.The bottom of the pit pour sand by 15 centimeters.Then saturate the sand with water and sprinkle on top of broken bricks and rubble.Further, in the pit formwork make and create reinforced frame.Above all pour a layer of concrete that left 15 centimeters from the surface Formwork must be removed, causing several layers of tar on the sides, pour the remaining space coarse sand.
last layers of foundation - two pieces of roofing felt, which are equal to it in size.They act waterproofing material.By creating a waterproofing concrete foundations remain cold even in summer.When the foundation of bath furnace is ready, you need to check it out horizontally.Using a mortar and bricks intermediate number, you can try to correct the flaws.Then you can start the construction of a brick kiln in the bath with his hands.
choice of material
poryadovkoy To get a reliable and strong, laying the furnace needs to be done of high quality bricks.The size of such material are often - 250 120 65 mm.But if you choose not to high-quality brick with data sizes, using it will not work to put 770h770 mm square, observing the desired seam thickness (max 10 mm).
solution adopted to prepare the first row after putting some dry.Clay solution is extracted with a half-meter depth.Take a suitable container and soak the clay in it for several days.To use material from the ditch is easier if it is wet, as it is in this condition responds well to breakage into pieces.And make handling dry clay and hard to have to frequently used tools.
Sand for a solution suitable only clean, free of algae and impurities, so pre-sift it and clean of debris.Only then can the sand to fill the solution.To use is necessary to refuse from the river sand, as its grains are different shapes.Grains of sand mining are more suitable because they have sharp jagged edges, which promotes better adhesion.
When all components of the solution are ready, knead the clay with a special tool - a paddle, add the water and it is good puncher stir until the mixture becomes like a thick cream.To this mixture add sand.To test the readiness of the solution, use clean and dry stick, dip it into the mixture.If, after dipping the stick remains layer clay solution approximately 2 millimeters, then a solution fit for use.If the stick remains less the solution, then add clay, if more - add sand.
Masonry 1 - 7 series
produces the first brick masonry waterproofing bitumen pad that is placed on the foundation.A wettable bricks water.Then check the angles, which must be placed erect, and "poryadovkoy" - carefully measure the edge, because in any gap in the room will come the smoke.
lay the second row in such a way that each new brick placed at the junction of the bottom two.Similarly, should do well in the next series.In the third row it is accepted to install the blower door.Reinforce it with galvanized wire or strips cut from sheet steel.By the way, professionals are advised to use steel bars is because they are easier to fix.
In the fourth row, lay the ash pit and set the grids for air duct done in recesses in the bricks on each side centimeter intervals for the expansion of the grate.Round the back wall under the grille broken brick.
Masonry sixth row includes a mounting for the blower door and installation of the seventh - the installation of the furnace door and grate.Equip the furnace for a bath with his hands made cast-iron doors.They are considered by far the most durable and fire-resistant of all.
Masonry 8 - 23 rows
Make eighth row with a partition, which will go vertical flue.In a similar way the bricks should be laid to the fourteenth series, which set the channels.Make an opening in the front wall of the container, which will be in hot water.Place it in a way that it is in contact with the channel, and held vertically on the walls of masonry.
Fifteenth series halves lay bricks, placing them at an angle to give the base for the separation wall.Three more number of future bathhouse ovens do like the first series.
In the nineteenth row, set the door through which the steam is removed afterwards.Place thin strips of metal, which then fasten the twentieth and twenty-first series.At this point, close the door frame for a pair, put the hot water capacity, which should be further "wrap" the debris of bricks.Begin installing the pipe at the twenty-third row, the length of it depends on the height of the bath.
Chimney When installing a chimney for the furnace of bath should take into account the parameters of the structure if a homemade brick oven bath turned massive, then the pipes are made rather big.The thickness of its walls at the same time should be at least as half a brick.Make-section and flue passages of similar size.
smaller tribes has a chimney, the better - ideally, the chimney must be completely straight and have no bends.The minimum length of flue - 5 meters, length is to calculate the level of lattice grate diameter of the chimney must be fully consistent with the diameter of the exit of bath furnace.Equip chimney damper-Shiber.
Quality control of masonry
important factor in performance of bath furnace performs the smoothness of the inner walls.Keep the bricks inside were turned smooth and whole faces.If there are skived edges chipped, it quickly will provoke the destruction of brick.It is impossible to lubricate the inner surface of the clay because when dry it will clog the chimney, with the flaking.
To achieve maximum smoothness, should be carefully make laying brick.Every five rows wipe the inner surface of the cloth, which is pre-moistened in a clay solution.This ensures embedding of small scratches and dents on the walls of the bricks.
Drying Ovens for bathhouse
After laying the bathhouse furnace before its direct use of the structure need to be dried.There are two methods of drying: natural and forced.First, of course, preferred but time consuming.The finished laying soak with free access of air for fifteen days.Excess moisture to evaporate, oven dries evenly, cracks are not formed.
If you chose the second way, to heat the oven paper and wood chips to heating.Requirements to be performed at the first firing: good traction, which is manifested in the absence of smoke;If the thickness of the wall structure than 1/4 bricks, the surface of the furnace should not have a temperature greater than 90 degrees;uniform heating furnace.
Several furnaces swipe gently.The process is repeated until the complete drying of bath furnace.Burning should take place not intensive and slow.The fuel is best to use wood logs.Pledged their parties no more than 2 kg.After a short wait for the furnace when the furnace in the bath to cool down, and then melt it again.
Such actions should be carried out in the morning and evening for 3-4 days, then you can increase the level of heating furnace.In the process of drying the windows, latches and the doors open.The duration of the drying furnace in the bath depends on the season.In warm days when the humidity is big enough, it lasts for days 8. After drying oven it is necessary to carefully examine, to cover up the cracks and good wipe.Only now made with his own hands in a bath oven is ready for use!
Plastering the furnace
After masonry stove for a bath can be plastered.Although this procedure is not compulsory.However, plastering significantly improves the appearance of the construction and protects the room from the fire.For this purpose it is possible to use clay solution with gypsum or asbestos.To strengthen the plaster on the walls of bath furnace can be a solution to add a little salt.In addition, commercially available sufficient quality mixture of clay and sand.
first wait for the oven to dry.Do not forget to prepare the work of the furnace wall to clear it from the solution and clean up the seams to a depth of one centimeter.Some owners stucco plaster for the construction of a metal grid that is attached to the wall and the wire is connected.
Before plastering taken heat their oven.The solution was applied to a double layer of the wall that has been soaked with water.The consistency of the first layer makes this cream, another - more densely.The layer thickness is typically 6-8 millimeters, in some places, can be increased up to 10 millimeters.Once you are dealt a solution and wipe the surface is leveled.On the plastered surface should be applied whitewash.
to decorate the plastered walls there rustication.Rustami called small grooves that are applied directly to the surface.On the layer of plaster, which has a thickness of 10-12 mm, cut after bastings future picture, rusty.After cutting recesses dyed in one color, and the rest - in the other.
Pre eliminate roughness on the walls of bath furnace, which moisten and powertrowel brick surface.You can paint the walls with adhesive paint.You can also whiten the walls with lime milk and salt.Whitewashing can be made with slaked lime, which dissolve in water, with the addition of methylene blue.
can be purchased for coloring furnace lime paint.At 2.5 kg of lime paste, take a bucket of water.The add liquid adhesive, the salt solution and 50 grams of linseed oil.Then, mix thoroughly and filter the.For multi-colored pattern using red lead, ultramarine, ocher and blanfiks.
varnish is not recommended, because it burns at high temperature, spreading a pungent odor.Silicon organic paint painted metal parts furnace - the ash door and a firebox.
glazed tiles Facing tile
serves an additional obstacle for entry into the room of smoke, if there are minor defects in the masonry, but it is used infrequently because this finish is a time-consuming process.A suitable cladding is heat-resistant tiles, which has a glazed surface.
Pictured furnace for a bath can be seen that the sole tile has notches for better grip with the solution.Before laying the tiles must be selected on the shades and colors.As with a single solution will not work to attach the tiles to the wall of the heating furnace, then found its application attachments for mounting.
strips of aluminum with holes made to introduce in the vertical joints.These strips of aluminum profile and fasten the corners that hold the tiles in place.Then, the tiles are placed on a solution starting from the bottom.
Facing the oven tiles
tiles called tiles, which can coat the walls, fireplaces and stoves for saunas.Such tiles from the reverse side has a special device Rump, which looks like a mini-container.It is with the help of Rump tiles fasten to the bricks on the stove.
depending on the front surface are smooth, majolica, relief and unglazed terracotta tiles, or tiles that covered with glaze.All the tiles are handcrafted from plastic clay pottery or wooden mold to firing in a kiln at a temperature of about 1150 degrees Celsius.
Facing tiles nowadays is considered one of the most hygienic, popular and beautiful way to finish the bathhouse furnace.In the similar manner lined oven it is very easy to look after.Under good overlap occurs cladding masonry joints, and it does not allow penetration of the flue gas to the bath.
unquestioningly follow our instructions and you will be able to build the furnace for a bath on their own.Preliminary drawings of the structure is to prepare and learn about the price of the furnace for a bath.Once you finished all construction work, is to do the firebox stove.And only after that you can do plastering, painting or furnace lining glazed tiles and tiles.