constant attribute of a private home is a garden.The long avenue of trees or a few square meters of land occupied by ornamental plants - shrubs, flower beds, lawns and alpine slides.And what a garden without a small pond?
To decorate infield specialists in landscape design are increasingly using artificial ponds and waterfalls.After the quiet lapping of the water and the smooth surface of a small pond attracted more attention than usual borders and flower beds, dressed in asphalt.
Four and a half thousand years ago, ancient Incas and the Chinese started making ponds in their gardens, and later began to populate their livestock and install various ornaments, such as a small aqueduct, artificial waterfall, a fountain, or a babbling brook, channel.Aquatic plants are not deprived of attention - they are one of the main elements of a small pond or waterfall.All together: rocks, plants and water create - create a genuine original area, the most remini
- Elements artificial waterfall
- materials falls outside
- Construction Falls
- waterfall Artificial waterfall Housing
Elements artificial waterfall
Nowadays garden reservoirs becomesmore and more, because there were technical innovations that allow to simplify the construction process and to create a waterfall house with his own hands.A variety of accessories, ready to plastic molds, pumps, lamps, both fixed and floating on the water, and many others allow yourself to create a real miniature pond.Animals, fish, plants, decorative floor - all this will help to create the garden a very real fairy tale.
Maybe in a garden need a small pool?Then, without a waterfall just can not do!The murmur of water helps to relax, rejuvenate after a hot summer day, and the work on the plot.This artificial waterfall does not allow water to stay cool, and it is always cooler than around the pond.This is due to the fact that water is circulated by a pump and flows through pipes buried under the ground.
Many saw something like this from friends, relatives, or simply neighbors are wondering how to make a man-made waterfall in the same remarkable as seen?If everything is weighed and the decision is made, you can start to work.The process of its construction is not as complicated as it might initially seem.
materials falls outside
basic materials needed to create an artificial waterfall:
- mixture for waterproofing;
- adhesive mortar;
- water pump.
first step is to determine the choice of location for the future of the waterfall.You must do this even if you already have a ready pool or pond.It is necessary to plan in advance where it will be placed decorative artificial waterfall - in the open or near trees near the walls of the house or between beds.It is very important time to pay attention to the topography - requires an incline.If the slope is not finished, and the selected location is perfect for the other parameters, you have to make yourself a mound.At the same time on it should not have any holes, bumps and other irregularities.
basis Falls - two small pond.If there are no pond or pool, you have to install two tanks.It may be plastic molds and dense waterproof material which is laid on the bottom of the pit.One of the main nuances at this stage is that the upper "cup" volume should be less than at least twice lower.Sam falls and streams can be put out of pre-engineered, purchased in a store or on their own to find the necessary elements among the natural materials.
When the pits are ready, their bottom should be thoroughly cleaned of roots, stones and debris possible to obtain a sufficiently smooth surface.
After that direction to fill with sand or glass.The thickness of the layer should be no less than four centimeters.Then you need to make an insulating layer - pour a new layer of synthetic rubber.Thus, water-bases will be integrated with a waterfall.In the waterproofing layer is applied cement skeleton, to which will be attached all the other elements.Further necessary to make holes for the pipes through which water is supplied, and to give structure to settle two or three days.You can stick to the process illustrated in the photo: a waterfall home and can make a person not familiar with the basics of construction.
Chief descent waterfall is best done in a few steps - so looks much impressive.To create a stepped structure, you must first make a wooden base and secure it to the solution.Steps should be installed starting from the bottom of the future falls.
To ensure the efficiency of the waterfall pump capacity is required not less than seventy watts.The pump itself should be placed under the lower tank and hoses to the upper lay.The water flow rate can be adjusted by changing the capacity of the unit.
Especially cautiously it is necessary to take the power supply!It should not be placed closer than one and a half meters from the structure, while carefully concealing the waterproof material and protection against accidental mechanical damage.You should also think in advance the easiest way to extract the pump.This must be done before the onset of frost, otherwise the remaining water in the pump to freeze and break his body.
Steps waterfall tiles laid out, decorated with a natural stone, and the edges of water bodies need to impose large stones.Bottom Gravel recommended.The same can be done between the enclosing rocks, and reliability to cover the gap watertight solution.
artificial waterfall, which is located below the photo, has several stages through which water flows.Waterfall with this structure looks much more effective.When you first start the water is dirty and muddy - it is because of the recent construction work.Do not worry: after a while to recover itself and the water will be crystal clear, if only in the construction were not used any foreign materials and impurities.If you are satisfied, it is necessary to trim the edges and carefully mask underlain by impermeable material.
As mentioned in the beginning, the best jewelry - natural.So do not get involved in the installation of artificial plants near the reservoir, and it is better to plant next to it ornamentals.Better to choose moisture-loving varieties.
If you equip a special filter pump, the waterfall can "inhabit" different animals.Unpretentious fish, turtles, clams are great feel artificial reservoirs.Before you settle the animals in the pond, you should heed the advice of a consultant from the pet store, what kind of animals can be in a waterfall.
Artificial waterfall Housing
A special type of such structures - a mini waterfall for a house or apartment.It can be purchased in any specialty store, but you can make a waterfall house with his own hands.But the first option is much simpler because such decorations often do not require major assembly.This waterfall is very impressive to look at the office, pulling the views of customers, and the apartment it is better positioned in the area of wealth - in the south-eastern part of the property.
to build small artificial waterfall with their hands need:
- large plastic bottle (5 liters);
- plastic tray cake;
- + small pump tube to it;
- liquid nails;
- spray paint:
- pebbles, shells, etc .;
- small plant;
- LEDs, batteries, wires;
- golden hands.
How to create a decorative waterfall Housing improvised without buying a ready-made at the store?If we stick to simple recommendations, waterfall home with their own hands can be done without extra costs.
bottle should be cut and left at a height of 10-15 cm. Then it is necessary to stick to the plastic tray and pour the entire structure with foam, from which will emerge a relief.When the foam hardens completely, you want to simulate a small hill and the track falls.The optimum height of the structure at the same time should be 20-25 cm. The lower reservoir is necessary to place the pump and pull the tube to the top of a simulated roller coaster, which will be taken by the first "lake".Slope slides lay stones and fluff the gap between liquid nails.This should be done with the course.Further it is possible to form additional grooves to drain water and to install the entire structure in a pan, pre-decorate it with paint from a container and, optionally, drawing patterns.Then you can decorate the hill, and all the waterfall shells and stones at their own discretion.At the request of an artificial waterfall in the apartment, you can set the backlight.
Thus, an artificial waterfall, whose price may vary depending on the desires and opportunities, can be done by yourself.It is sure to become a original decoration of your garden, house and even the office.Now you know how to make the house a waterfall.It's time to start!