Even the smallest and seemingly unremarkable personal plot can be made comfortable and interesting, if you equip it an artificial pond.Ornamental pond in the garden is not only able to fit harmoniously into the landscape of the infield, but also visually expand the space.
- artificial reservoir in the landscape infield
- decorative pond with his hands - where to start?
- Construction of ornamental ponds
- How to make a decorative pond so that the water was always clean and fresh?
- decorative ponds with "overshoes»
- Making the shores of an artificial pond
- Pond Care
artificial reservoir in the landscape infield
Have pond or a small artificial waterfall on the plot is due not only to aestheticconsiderations and practical component.On a hot summer day, even small in size pond blows cool air seems much cleaner and fresher, and the calm surface or dimensional murmur help relieve tension and fatigue.
most popular types of artificial reserv
The shape of water bodies on private land can be either rounded, with irregular coastline and regular geometric shapes - square, rectangular and diamond-shaped.It all depends on the style of the site as a whole, its location, the characteristics of the site and your imagination.The main rule in this case - the pond should ideally fit into the surrounding landscape and become an integral part of it.
most common form of artificial water body is round or oval.It looks so natural lakes, so if you want to create near the house or in the garden corner of nature, then this option will be most acceptable.In such a case, it may even appear improper coastline and asymmetric planting of pond plants.
If you have a pond at the site where everything is made in a classic style, dominated by straight lines and there is a natural form, equip Pond correct form.Often, it is the basis of a fountain, which is the center of the exposition.As a natural barrier in the form of vegetation and stones does not have a pool, it is necessary to have higher bumpers to prevent falling into the water.As an option - to protect a reservoir low wrought-iron grille.
should be noted that the most common and least costly in terms of human and financial investment is a pond.But to equip itself on the site on their own without the involvement of specialists is possible.
The main thing is experience.When he appears, then you have created a pond can become the first in the whole complex, connected waterfalls, streams, decorative bridges.
decorative pond with his hands - where to start?
If you came up with a great idea to build on his plot artificial reservoir, do not headlong rush for shovel.First, you need to choose a good place.It should consider the following factors:
- plot size;
- degree of landscaping;
- soil type.
best to equip the pond close to home.It should have it so that the entire area of the reservoir has been illuminated by the sun for at least 5 hours a day.Otherwise, the once beautiful pond may eventually become just a fetid swamp.
terrain is also essential.The optimal location is lowland area where the water level in the well or in the well is close to the ground surface.
The selection process should also pay attention to the presence of vegetation - large trees along the coast will be in the autumn fallen leaves polluting the pond, and tree roots can damage the protective film on the bottom.
important is the type of soil.For the arrangement of the reservoir are suitable suglinkovye and clay soils and peat, humus is less preferable - it promotes the formation of sludge.On acid soils inappropriate pond equipment without a reliable protection of the side walls and a bottom.
Once selected portion defined shape and size - it's time to stock up on the necessary materials and tools.Most often used to create a pond of finished container, which can be purchased in a specialty store or a flexible waterproofing, much less - concrete (the most costly and time-consuming process).
types of waterproofing for artificial pond:
- polyethylene film - an inexpensive material, is not resistant to UV light;
- LDPE - low density polyethylene.Visually virtually no different from polyethylene, but has more flexibility and durability.
- PVC - polyvinyl chloride - strong and durable material, the edges of which are welded together.
- and butyl rubber sheets - optimal, but expensive option.The service life of this material is not particularly limited.
Experts recommend avoiding everything for waterproofing plastic film.For its function it can handle, but it is not enough for more than 2 years.If you want to have pleased the pond for a longer time, choose a more durable material.
Materials and tools:
- protective film or reservoir;
- pipes for supply and discharge of water;
- geotextiles or sand
better to see once.The whole process of resettlement of the pond in the pictures looks like:
Construction of ornamental ponds
There is another way of arrangement of the pond - a concrete bowl, but this method is time consuming and expensive, so it currently does not apply.Construction begins with the fact that in a selected area and make the markup remove a layer of turf.After that you can start excavation desired shape.This is required to leave the edges slightly inclined (sloping rather than steep).Furthermore, if you plan on doing a decorative pond with PVC film, not a finished tank, it is necessary to lay out the future of the pond bottom with waterproof material.For these purposes is fine clay.Lay it must be in two layers - the second after the complete drying of the first (between the need to pave the waterproof film).After that you should fill up the bottom with gravel.
Important: if you plan to plant pond plants - at the bottom should make special deepening and fill them with fertile soil.
How to make a decorative pond so that the water was always clean and fresh?
To the appearance of the reservoir, located in your area always pleased his appearance and gave freshness and coolness, you must make sure that the water was running.For this purpose it is necessary to lay two pipes: flow and waste.By running pipe water will flow into the reservoir, and on the sewage output into a ditch.Note: the level of the ditch to drain should be somewhat below the level of the pond.For ease of use can be installed on the sewer valve or just as necessary to close the hole plug.The first option is the most practical.
decorative ponds with "overshoes»
labor required is much less if you buy a special tank for an artificial pond.In people, these containers called "galoshes."Why is that?Quite simply, they are made of black plastic, and the form of such vessels in its external shape resembles rubber shoes.But if you want you can always find and buy a bowl of water body suitable for you shape.
To arrange a decorative pond in the country , you will need to purchase a special tank of a suitable size and shape: the cost thereof is relatively low.
main stages of arrangement of the reservoir:
- counting circuit;
- installation capacity.
In order to properly outline the reservoir tank must be installed vertically on the ground and set on its perimeter rails at intervals of 40-50 cm, then tie them with twine.Thus, you get the shape of the future of the pond.
Then you can start excavation.In the process, it must be ensured that the bottom as precisely as possible in line with the relief capacity, then the gaps will be minimal.
install capacity must be strictly horizontal.The tank should be filled with water slowly, while existing between it and the walls of the pit must be carefully fill in the gaps with sand.
Note: If you want to equip the Fountain in the artificial pond, it is important to pre-purchase a special pump and nozzles, which are installed during construction of the reservoir.
final stage - drawing up the reservoir.In order to make your man-made pond looked really stylish and beautiful, for example, just how bizarre decorative ponds, which we have placed a photo, you need to properly arrange the its shores.
Making the shores of an artificial pond
At this stage, you can not restrict the flight of his imagination.To decorate an artificial pond can be used ceramic tiles, marble, granite, artificial stone, pebbles, wood, etc.These materials need to mask the edge of the pond that looks close to nature.It is important to fix them with cement mortar.If you plan to further equip your pond fountain - in the process you need to take care that the pump hoses were hidden under the tiles or stones.
Then sprinkle the bottom of the reservoir can be pre-washed sand, put pebbles and planted in pots or baskets of aquatic plants.You can breed around the pond ornamental shrub or a flower bed.
residents Decorative ponds - always a joy.It can be and aquarium fish, and dwarf turtle.And if you hold the bottom of the pond lighting or arrange floating lanterns on the battery surface, it is possible to create a real spectacle of light and water.
- To maintain an artificial pond in good condition, it will need care.
- The first thing you need to get a bottom with a vacuum cleaner to collect rubbish.
- Between leaf fall will need to close the pond netting to the foliage does not fall into the water.
- If live fish in the pond, then they need a water filtration and aeration.
- To avoid greening of water, or it is filtered and purified (for this body of water should be flowing) or plants are planted kislorodovydelyayuschimi: Bog, hornwort, waterweed.
- If planted water lilies in the pond or the capsule, they are their broad leaves will prevent the sun's rays and overheating of the water.
artificial pond on your plot - this is an important element of landscape design, to the arrangement of which must be approached sensibly, feeling arrangement!And then set up your hands and beauty will delight you and your guests!