take a steam bath or sauna - the easiest way to cleanse the body of toxins and boost immunity.Under the influence of high temperatures and hot steam opens the pores of the skin, and resets the dirty lymphatic fluid.But bath and sauna differ among themselves in the bath temperature does not exceed +70 ° C, it is generally +40 - +60 ° C, but higher humidity - 40%, the temperature in the sauna longer from +80 ° C to +120 ° C, but well below the humidity of 5 to 15%.Taking into account the temperature and humidity conditions, Bath more suited to suburban life, and a sauna - more versatile.Modern sauna and equip private homes, in ordinary homes.Space they occupy little, though it depends on the type of furnace used.But to provide quality ventilation is a must.And the budget for the construction of the sauna considerably less.This article will talk about the structure of the modern sauna: what size it should be, what kind of oven can be used and how to s
- design sauna
- floor, ceiling and walls in the sauna - materials
- window and the door to the sauna
- How to choose a stove: wood and electric sauna
- stones for the stove in the sauna
- Ventilation sauna
- Interior sauna
- infrared cabin - a modern sauna
Sauna is smaller in comparison with the Russian bath.To fit it at the same time 3 - 4 people, rather 3.3 m2.To stay in the steam room at the same time 5 - 6 people need an area of 4.5 m2.Dimensions of this sauna are approximately: height 210 cm, width 200 cm, length 240 cm. Shelves are installed in two tiers along the walls.For one person can install the small size of the sauna 0,8h0,8 m with a ceiling height of 210 cm.
Proper sauna should have such features: ceiling height of 2.1 m, the length of the wall opposite the entrance, at least 2 m. Heightceiling of 210 cm enables the use of a standard door height of 190 cm. Compliance with the desired aspect ratio allows for proper air circulation.Then shelves lying place on the second floor will also pour over oneself heat from the oven with normal air humidity.
It is important to keep the right balance of temperature and humidity in the sauna.The fact that human skin temperature steam reaches +45 - +50 ° C.This borderline significance, the maximum temperature which can be tolerated.But the allowable temperature range is saved only if the person immobile and air.If the pair will walk the hot draft, a person can get severe burns because of sweat will not suffice to cool the body.That is why the ceiling height must not exceed 210 cm. In the more spacious premises inevitable emergence of air flow under the influence of temperature differences.
If the sauna room is arranged inside the house or apartment, you do it in the window is not required.But for a detached sauna buildings definitely recommend to perform in a steamy window with double glazing.
washroom, shower or swimming pool are settling separately from the pair, so the need to supply water directly into the steam disappears by itself.To clean the floor and the seats in the steam room enough to stretch the bight with water and clean all jets under pressure.But the sewerage system should be mandatory, so that the water drains off after cleaning.
furnace is always set in the corner closest to the door.Around necessarily suit protective railings, no matter what the oven is used.
floor, ceiling and walls in the sauna - materials
It is best to place a sauna in a wooden structure.This ensures the best microclimate and paroobmen between the sauna room and the open air.But in contrast to the sauna bath and can arrange in brick and concrete structure.It is important to sheathe room inside boards.
sauna room should be thoroughly insulated.Between the inner lining and wall insulation is laid, which is protected from the steam vapor barrier film.As a heater used stone wool in rolls or plates.Since mineral rock wool has the ability to saturate the moisture which it does not do, it must be sure to protect the vapor barrier film from the effects of hot steam coming out of the steam room.
Important!Why is it better to arrange a sauna in a wooden structure?The fact that the rock wool has a high vapor permeability capacity.If the exterior walls will be made of the pair of wood, stone wool is easy to give and let out the moisture, will remain dry.If the outer walls are made of pair of stone materials, the moisture will stay inside wool.Soon, it will lead to complete failure of the insulation.
remember Rules insulation: each successive layer of material from the inside to the outside should have a greater vapor permeability.
to maximally protect the mineral wool in the sauna, use a special foil film, which does not pass through any steam or moisture does not condense.At the junction of the ceiling and walls vapor barrier film is placed with overlapping at least 20 cm.
Steam sauna sheathed inside wooden clapboard .The most common use well dried aspen, abachi (African wood), alder, linden, Cedar.
In addition to aspen sufficiently water-resistant wood species, it also has healing properties.That is why is the most popular in the arrangement of paired.
But abashi do not rot and are not too hot, which is very convenient, since many elements of the sauna very hot and is likely to get burned accidentally touching.
North American cedar has a wonderful aroma and is also often used for finishing the sauna.
Pine used steam only after degumming procedures.So how to completely remove the resin from the tree is not possible under heating pine on it can serve so-called "effusions" tar spots.
boards plating a pair of vertically, tightly fit together and make a selection "of a quarter."The thickness of boards should be 20 - 30 mm.
dressing room, you can bind any wood species .If the sauna is a switchboards structure, ie,between the outer and inner wooden walls insulation with a vapor barrier is sandwiched, for the implementation of the external walls you can use pine or fir planks and placed horizontally to enhance the rigidity of the frame.The stone sauna between the insulation and the brick or concrete wall, it is desirable to leave the ventilation gap.
Exterior walls can be covered with a sauna varnish or paint, but inside it is impossible in any case.If you cover the interior walls paired with lacquer, the heating process will be allocated an extremely toxic substance.In addition, any covering wood will prevent the removal of the natural steam from the premises.
sauna ceiling is a structure of beams, insulation, vapor barrier and boards filings.Beams usually taken a thickness of 50 - 80 cm. Since the distribution of heat in the steam room uneven, the ceiling is used for thermal insulation insulation layer, a large 1.5 - 2 times in comparison with a layer of insulation in the walls.Separate insulation from steam vapor barrier film should foil surface.Inner cladding boards are nailed to the bottom joists, wherein the length of the nails used in 3.5 - 4 times larger than the thickness of the board (20 - 30 mm).
Sex in the sauna no longer make the wood as it suffers the most.Under the influence of moisture wood starts to rot, fungus and covered boxes.And as the sauna room cleaned regularly, the water flows down to the floor, it is advisable to perform a finishing floor tiles.This material is well-proven in the sauna.Tiled floor is easy to clean, not afraid of water, does not rot, durable and easy to antimicrobial treatment.For convenience, the top floor of tiles laid trapiki wooden or woven mats made of natural materials.They are not cold when tiles have not yet warmed up or hot, if tiles glowed.
Paul do with a slight slope towards the drain, which is often placed in the corner of the pair.Thus, the floor can be easily washed and cleaned.Trapiki and rugs should not be placed under the benches for sitting, otherwise they will drain the pot, which is difficult to get rid of.
window and the door to the sauna
in detached sauna equip window for light and ventilation .Too large a window will contribute to heat loss, so the optimum window size 700h500 mm.If the window is not to be used for ventilation, it makes a double frosted glass, firmly fixing the glass in the doorway.
If you plan to open a window to ventilate the steam room and sauna, good must necessarily be aired, its frame must be fitted tightly to the window frame and the perimeter to fix foam insulation or felt.
Due to the fact that wood expands and contracts under the influence of variations in humidity and temperature, the glass must be inserted into the frame with a putty casein and rubber seal.Also do not forget about the solid wooden glazing beads.
door to the steam room have not made of wood.The fact is that due to changes in temperature and humidity wooden canvas quickly warps, twists, warps.As a result, the door is curved on its hinges, and does not fit through the doorway into it or loose.To deal with such a disaster in the modern world is not difficult enough to install the glass door of tempered glass.It does not change shape under any circumstances, is firmly on the hinges are not red-hot, easy to clean and will not absorb odors.At arrangement of the doors in the steam necessary to ensure its integrity, it is used for this seal of silicone that allows the doors fit snugly into the opening, leaving no gaps.The handle on the door of the steam should be of such material that it glowed under high temperatures, it is particularly relevant to the inner side.
How to choose a stove: wood and electric sauna
In a sauna you can use different types of furnace: a furnace for solid fuels (wood burning), gas ovens and electric ovens.Gas ovens are rarely used, so we will not affect them.
Wood stoves for saunas have their advantages:
- autonomously, independently of the presence and power surges in the network.
- Wood stoves heat up faster.
- Stones in wood ovens, stoves and warm up faster.The temperature of the stones depends comfort of staying in a sauna.The hot stones, the softer steam and easier to be in the steam room.
- Wood stoves are cheaper to use.
But the wood-burning oven is not for everyone, they have a number of disadvantages:
- arrangement chimney is required by all the rules.The cost of laying the chimney of a furnace may exceed the cost of the furnace.So it's quite expensive.If you display the chimney is not possible, you should prefer electric ovens.Wood stoves
- a fire hazard, they are subject to more stringent requirements.
- Wood stoves give less heat than electric.
for everything sauna inside a private house or apartment will only fit version with an electric stove. Electric sauna not only safer, but also much easier to use.For example, temperature can be set electronically and not worry about the fact that the furnace heats up too much.Yes, and to maintain an optimal temperature and humidity mode electronics itself will.
power electric furnace for the sauna is calculated as follows: for 1 m3 of space is required 1 kW of power.Please note that the sauna of 10 - 12 m3 requires energy and 9 kW three-phase network.Not always in the private sector can afford such power, and everywhere there is a three-phase network.Allocate energy necessary to reserve.If this is not possible, you have to consider the option of a wood burning stove in a private home or an infrared cabin in an apartment.
furnace in the sauna must be installed in compliance with all rules and regulations set forth in the instructions.After all, the chance to burn on the stove, the stove is very large, if it is set to pass.Choose furnace checked Finnish or other European manufacturers.
stones for the stove in the sauna
very important stones which are placed in an oven-stove.Ordinary rocks are not suitable as they may crack.Generally used stones evaporation which can benefit human health, it jadeite , gabbro-diabase and Talkohlorit .
surface stones for the stove must not be smooth, because in this case, the water will flow quickly from stones and pouring furnace.The stones should be rough and uneven, then the water will stay on the surface, become hot and steaming.Excluded stones cracked as under high temperatures they quickly will split.
stones in the sauna heater is necessary to sort out from time to time , remove a ruptured and damaged and replaced with new ones.If you use the sauna once a week, then you need to touch the stones once a year.If you use twice a week, then iterate over twice a year.The pattern is clear - iterate over the stones in the furnace many times in a year, how many times a week you are bathing.
The heater stones are placed between the heating elements so that they fit the space occupied, but normal air circulation around them.
in wood stoves for the sauna stones are placed in the upper compartment of the furnace, so the number is small.The metal wood-burning ovens are heated stones on the metal.Such furnaces must heat their throughout the process steam to maintain the temperature of the stones.The advantage of metal furnaces only, they quickly warmed up.However, considering that heat is metal, it appears more stiff.
There are also heaters with increased stone laying.The body is made of such furnaces grid, this design allows you to load the heater 150 - 300 kg of stones.The entire area of the furnace is obtained filled with stones, so heat radiation is softer and a feeling of "soft steam."Although the time to warm up this furnace is somewhat larger than usual, but the effect is worth it.
Due to the fact that the sauna room is thermally insulated, leak of fresh air in through the walls removed.To ensure the flow of air in the walls provide ventilation openings with latches.The size of the vent hole is calculated as follows: for each 1 m3 of steam requires 24 cm2 hole.
ventilation vents a certain way.One should be located at a distance of 30 cm from the floor in the area of the furnace, to provide fresh air to the furnace.The second outlet is performed on the opposite wall at a distance of 30 cm from the ceiling.
air entering through the first outlet, passes next to the red-hot stones heated and rises up to the ceiling.Through the upper outlet enters the fresh air to replace the stale hot air on the upper shelves.Do not use fans for forced air circulation, as they formed the movement of air can cause burns in humans.
distinctive feature of the modern sauna that can be set to any setting, even though the hot and dry, though temperate and humid, more like a bath.All the control electronics.