It's hard to imagine a modern country house without a pool.But hardly anyone would want to swim in dirty water.Therefore, for each main pool it is the presence of a good filter.The easiest way to become an owner of quality filters for the pool - buy it in the store.Modern industry offers consumers a wide range of such products.Choose the appropriate filter is not difficult.And you can go the other way and build a filter with your hands.
- struggle for the purity of the water.The main types of filters
- Ground pool filter cartridge filters
- sand filter pool
- Installing the filter for the pool
- Floating filter with your hands
- sand filter with your hands
struggle for the purity of the water.The main types of filters
main problem of all open water bodies, including swimming pools - surface contamination.On the surface of the water gets dirty, foliage, grass, bird droppings, all kinds of debris.To combat such problems in the
Moreover, the water itself is the habitat of a plurality of micro-organisms and algae.Under the influence of heat and light the algae bloom and actively proliferate.Died, they sink to the bottom, increasing the already fair amount of sediment.
For each type of contamination there are some ways to clean:
- surface of the water is cleaned using a net or Hopper overflow.
- From the bottom of the pool dirt is removed using a special device - a water vacuum cleaner.
- To clean the rest of the water, it must be sure to complete filtration.In one part of an artificial pond is necessary to make a withdrawal.With the pump is pumping water.It is cleaned by passing through the filter elements.The purified water returns.
- Modern industry offers consumers three main types of water filters based on the principle of their action:
Mechanical.In filters of this type of water purification is carried out by passing it through a bed of filter material.This may be sand particles fossil plankton, polypropylene and others.This type of filter cleans the water of debris and microorganisms.Mechanical filters are the cheapest.And the space they occupy is not much.However, they are suitable only for small size private swimming pools.
Depending on the filter material mechanical filters are divided into:
Chemical.These filters contain settings that provide one or more functions to disinfect water.As a result destroys all bacteria and other microorganisms.Unfortunately, the human skin treatments affect all of the above is not beneficial.Thus, while in chlorinated water is limited.Taking a shower after it is optional.The more expensive model of the filter, the more gentle method of chemical treatment of the water it uses.
Chemical filters very cumbersome.
combined.The combination of the chemical filter and a filter with a mechanical pump.The ideal type of filter.However, very expensive.In private pools is almost never used.
Ground Pool Filter
most quality and reliable mechanical filter - diatomaceous earth.It consists of several cartridges filled with a special blend.
- composition of the mixture - millions of ultrafine particles of fossil plankton.As a result of excavation filters trap particles of debris measuring about 3 microns.Clean filters excavation using reverse flow of water.
- Along with the advantages, chief among which is the highest quality water treatment, this type of filter has a number of drawbacks:
- high cost.Earthmoving filters are much more expensive than sand and cartridge.
Disadvantages of service.Service earthen filter as follows:
- Open the filter.
- Remove the grille.
- Clean the filter on the overage soil mixture.
- Nothing complicated.The main thing is to properly dispose unsuitable for further use mixture.The fact that it is very hazardous waste.
- It is because of the dangerous properties of soil mixture consumers when cleaning filters diatoms use the services of specialists.
cartridge filters for the pool
This type of filter - a container containing several cartridges cylindrical shape.
cartridges are filled with a special material capable of retaining the smallest particles of dust.Filter delay even particle size is 5 microns.
The main advantage of the cartridge filter is easy to maintain.Contaminated cartridges are easy to remove.They can be cleaned with a special solution or simply with water.Decayed cartridges must be replaced.
And the cost of cartridge filter pleasantly different from the value of the filter earth.
sand filter pool
This is the cheapest to date view of the filter for the pool.And it is a low cost, and therefore the availability of a wide range of customers, made sand filter is very popular.Unfortunately, the low cost is virtually the only advantage of the sand filter.
sand filter device is no different complexity.This is a large tank filled with sand.Water is pumped through the pump through the tank is filtered through sand and returned to the pool.Dirt and other impurities are deposited in the sand.Sand filter is able to keep the particles whose size is about 20 microns.Of course, this figure is not as effective as that of earth filter.However, for private pools of small dimensions of the quality of cleaning is enough.
not very user-friendly and maintenance sand filter.Cleaning the sand carried by the return flow of water.This leads to a substantial flow of her.For pools with a limited flow of water it can not be acceptable.
variation of the sand filter is multi-layer filters.This sandy gravel filters.Filters that utilize gravel, sand, anthracite and carbon.Filters, which use several types of sand of different size.Such combinations allow to achieve better cleaning.
When selecting the sand filter, pay special attention to:
- The type of sand:
- quartz sand.It serves about 3 years.
- glass sand.More expensive than quartz, but also qualitatively.Perfectly clean water, and it is twice as long.
power filter.There are filters:
- Industrial sand filters.Their thickness is more than 10 m3 per hour.
- average power.Up to 10 m3 per hour.
- low power.To 3 m3 per hour.
For a small pool in a private home is quite suitable filter low power.
Do six-position valve.A very important element.Thanks to him the opportunity to wash the sand without replacement.
leader in the manufacture of filtration equipment is considered as the company Intex.Quality products for this manufacturer is not satisfactory for more than a year.A wide range of goods will pick the ideal filtration equipment for each pool.
So to clean water in inflatable pool company has released a number of special sand filters.Selection of the filter model is made depending on the diameter of the pool and its capacity.For example, the pool, the volume of which more than 18,000 liters and a diameter of more than 488 cm perfect sand filter pump Intex 28648. Excellent equipment requiring minimum service time.Replacing the sand is carried out every three years.Performance - 6000 liters per hour.Relatively low price.
Installing the filter for the pool
not enough to buy a quality filter for the pool.It plays an important role and its proper installation.Whatever type of filter was not selected: submersible hinged or some other, the main criterion for the correctness of its installation is the quality of water purification.
special attention when installing filter should be paid to the water circulation.Must be free of "dead zones" in which there will be carried out withdrawals.In such places, the water is not just stagnate and deteriorate.It infects and clean water around.Thus, all the cleaning work will be a waste of time, energy and resource filter.
intake water filtration should be carried out from the surface.It is at the surface most of the accumulated debris, and microorganisms.
But requirements to drain water in the pool is not so categorical.The purified water can be injected into a pool anywhere.
access to the filter should be completely free.In no case do not allow the blocking of its other systems.
Floating filter with your hands
Produce elementary floating filter can be their own hands.Of course, its effectiveness can not be compared with the filters are commercially available, and the other hand the cost of its low unit:
- Obtain a replacement cartridge for cleaning.Choose a diameter of about 50 mm.
- Get polypropylene pipes of the same diameter as the cartridges.Its length is about 2 m.
- Do not forget to get length of the threaded rod and the angular rotation of the corresponding diameter.
- Gather together all of the above items.
- in turn and put the plug pin.Holes for her pre-drill.For external fixation using nut.
- The second side of the structure, attach the common pump for the aquarium.When choosing a power pump pay attention to the volume of the pool.Swimming pools up to 300 m3 perfect pump 30 watts.
- piece of foam attached to the pipe, allow to design retained on the surface of the pool.
- If desired, use not one but several cartridges.Connect them in sequence, one after the other.This will significantly improve the quality of filtration.
- principle of operation of this design is very simple.At a depth of about 0.5 m of water suction is performed.It passes through the tube and into the cartridge.The water after cleaning immediately falls back into the pool.
- Clean homemade filter should be daily.Remove the cartridge.Carefully rinse it under running water contents.
Homemade floating filter - is the purity of the pool with minimum effort and cash.
sand filter with your hands
Make a sand filter can be their own hands:
- Take a medium-sized container.Perfect barrel or canister volume of about 60 liters.The availability of a wide upper entrance.
- Install it near the pool.
- Fill the prepared container with sand.Fine sand for use in the filter is not necessary.He is able to score the entire filtration system.Prepare for tank filling sand large.It would be the best crystal.
- Very close the container.
- Connect the pump to it, equipped with a special valve to regime.
- second edge of the pump is connected by a hose to the waste drain.
- Like any industrial design, the filter is made with their own hands requires regular cleaning.Clean homemade sand filter is very easy.You must perform the following manipulations:
- Turn off the pump.
- Turn on the pump in the washing.Hours in this mode - about 5 minutes.During flushing all contaminants merge into drains.
- Ram purified sand.
- again turn on filtering.
Tip: In addition to the homemade sand filter, you can add an additional layer of activated carbon or graphite.The result is a multi-layer sand filter.More than three kinds of filler used in the filter for the pool is not recommended.