How to make a ladder with your hands?This question is asked myself wishing to build their own home or cottage, or build a two-level apartment.Nothing much in the long run in equipping the stairs not, as the latest technology greatly simplify this process.So if you - skilful people, to make metal ladder or stairway wood personally it not is easy.In this article you will learn what are the concrete slabs stairs, the material from which they are made and how to calculate the basic parameters of the stairs.Carefully follow the instructions and you will succeed!
- ladder as an attribute of the interior
- Open staircases Spiral staircases
- material for the manufacture of stairs
- Complete sets of stairs
- How to make your own ladder
- constituent elements of the staircase
- Building codes
- width, heightand the angle of the stairs
- riser height and width of the stage
- kosoura marking and cutting steps
- choice of material
- mounting ladders
ladder as an attribute of the interior
Staircase is one of the central elements of the interior space, andits design a lot of attention should be paid to appearance, not forgetting the functionality and reliability.Before the creation of the direct staircase is recommended to take into account some factors that will depend on its size and design.
These factors include available area and height of the room, ease of use ladders for people living in the house, and the maximum load to which the product is intended.
Architects say that as the nodal point of the interior staircase to the currently carries a major stylistic and structural load.Harmony between aesthetics and functionality can be achieved through careful planning at the stage of development of design documentation.Geometrical construction of the ladder depends on the design, material and operating conditions, so it is necessary to determine before the start of construction work.
Thanks to modern technology can be an imposing staircase, equipped French-style era of Louis XII, in an ultra lightweight high-tech or massively rude country style.
Before you decide to choose kukuyu ladder should consider the main types - mid-flight and spiral staircases.The construction of a stairway - is quite simple and will suit you if you plan to do it yourself (March - a continuous series of steps).But in this case to ensure an acceptable slope and height of the steps need a considerable area.Similar models of stairs is very easy to operate and withstand high loads.By stairway can easily pick up on the second floor and large furniture items.
These stairs - safe in all aspects, and therefore are the best choice, if the house is inhabited by the elderly or children.
Open staircases are straight and turning.The first is the simplest.They are durable in construction, easy to manufacture and easy to use.If the steps in the ladder for more than ten, the march is divided into the intermediate area into two parts.As it turns turning staircase.The advantage of direct rotary model before is that the steps at the same height occupy smaller space.These ladders installed, usually along two walls, furnished closet underneath.
Screw (spiral) staircase have a more complicated structure staircase: they consist of winders, which are placed on the correct radius.They are used in case of limited space, when it is impossible to create a secure slope normal ladder due to lack of space.Install a spiral staircase is usually between two walls in a corner.The main disadvantages are not too comfortable design, complicating recovery and you can not move large items.However, more elaborate spiral staircase is different sufficient strength and can be a main link of the interior, then it is set in the center of the hall.
Screw kinds of staircase is available in ready-to-install version.But regardless of the wishes of the client, many architects deviate from the usual canons and go on an experiment.As a result of unexpected creativity born avant-garde design.For example, curved staircase with steps arranged on uneven radius (S-shaped, triangle, oval), polygonal (curved, Z-shaped), flap (asymmetric stage duck step) and ladders pattern roller.
material for the manufacture of stairs
Whichever you chose ladder structures, ultimately, its durability and quality will depend on the materials used for the construction of staircases.The material is used for the manufacture of stone steps (brick, coquina, expanded clay) or hardwood (ash, oak, maple, fir, pine).It is best suited for stair railings different metals and their alloys - aluminum or stainless steel.The interiors of modern buildings look good and ladders combined type that contains plastic, wood and metal.
When selecting materials for the manufacture of stairs with their hands should be remembered that the degree of stone blocks are only executed from that produced by the industry and not differently.Artisanal methods of manufacturing steps of stone to avoid cracks on them is unlikely to fail.
Wood is easy to work at home and additionally provides a decorative effect when used correctly paints substances.In order to prevent deformation of the stage from the tree should be recruited from the individual slats are glued to each other using special technologies.Wooden stairs from oak boards - particularly rugged and durable.
Complete sets of stairs
A large number of manufacturers offer a private developer ready sets of various kinds of collapsible ladders, which are made in compliance with all required technical standards on standard sizes of different materials.
This option will be acceptable to you, if you want to save a considerable amount of money on the installation and want to be sure of the quality of the finished stairs.Before you order a kit is recommended to calculate the stairs, doing measurements of the height of a flight of stairs to the floor, width and length of the flight of stairs.
then select the appropriate size, type and material of the stairs, and then the model can be ordered from stock.Ready-made kits for installation of stairs in his house are so diverse that the private developer is not limited to the embodiment of their design imagination.All ladders production performance are divided into several classes: economy, business and elites.
How to make your own ladder
to make a ladder from a tree with his hands, it is necessary, first of all, to define the geometry of the stairwell.A spiral staircase looks best in the doorway like a circle, and to the usual march ladder harmoniously fit a rectangle or square.For newcomers to the construction business are simple designs, for example, ladders zabezhnymi steps attached to stringers.
constituent elements of the staircase
But developers who are new to the manufacture of stairs, you should become familiar with the basic structural elements of stairs, to understand what in the future will be discussed.
- Marching span - step walking in a straight line;
- turntable - the territory that separates the march spans;
- substep - the vertical part of the stairs;
- stringers - monolithic wooden or metal beams to secure the stages;
- steps - horizontal part of the stairs;
- balusters - support for the handrail;
- bowstring - side bar, which connects the stage;
- winder steps - steps that allow us to make a constructive turn staircase;
- fascia steps - the bottom and top step of each floor.
Any ladder shall comply with construction standards, ensure the safety of residents in the house and provide a comfortable ascent to the second floor.Too high stairs make it difficult to climb on it, and small stage dangerous and uncomfortable - and often finely walking, you can stumble.When building stairs interfloor developers often make mistakes.It is therefore necessary to design detail and competently design and make an accurate calculation of the structure.
first condition for the successful manufacture of inter-floor stairs is a correct calculation of own design.Decide for yourself whether the ladder half-pace or odnomarshevoy, how wide will make a ladder, which will podstupenek height and width to do some stage.
width, height and angle of the stairs
determine the width of the ladder should be remembered that the wider the design, the better.These stairs are safer and convenient for walking.To find out how high to make a wooden ladder is mounted on top of the terrace straight board in such a way that it overlaps with a reserve place where supposed to begin lifting ladders.The spirit level is recommended to check the horizontal board mounting and adjust if necessary.
Next you need to calculate the angle of the next ladder, because the angle of the right is a fundamental requirement of safe and comfortable movement.After descend or climb very steep stairs difficult.The most convenient to move the ladder angle is within 30 - 45 degrees.Besides design with a lesser angle it will require more space.
riser height and width of the stage
get the value of the width and height of the stairs, you can proceed to the calculation of the height of the riser.For lifting in practice the most convenient are ladder riser height which is 140 - 170 mm, and the width of step - 340 - 370 millimeters.
riser height should be done no more than 200 millimeters and not less than 120 millimeters.
projection stage should be about 20-40 mm.The above do riser, the stage must be narrower and vice versa.The width of the steps, at least, should be equal to its height.It is desirable to match the level of your stairs, or 42 shoe size reached 28-30 centimeters.
kosoura marking and cutting steps
Before placing steps should decide how kosour will join terrace.It is directly attached to the beam terrace or under the platform to design in a way that was considered the last stage of the surface of the terraces.
Then take a metal marker square and curve, which should be applied to calculate the height of the riser, for example, 17 centimeters, and the width of the stage, for example, 29 centimeters.And with the help of patterns kosour mark.
Then using a circular saw blade is cut stage.Be careful, it is not advisable to go outside the lines.End lengths better hand saw.Then with the help of ready kosoura mark remaining stringers.They save not recommended because they provide the rigidity of your stairs.But in the event of deflection stages begins undermining the whole structure.
Then cut riser and step.Attention to the fact that the cut should be level, taking into account the thickness of the riser.And do not forget to take into account the projection over the riser at the level of 20-40 millimeters
choice of material
Any builder after the ladder calculated and its main parameters, should choose the material, because it depends on the final cost, aesthetic appearance and performance of the finishedladder.Nowadays more and more popular oak, lime, pine, metal and glass.Material of steps should ideally match the overall style of the interior of the home.
If floors are wood-paneled room, the stage is best made from raushpunta.To create bars balusters need 50 to 50 centimeters from the blockhouse can get a wonderful railing.Buy decorative elements are available in any store building materials.Make ordinary cloth winder steps and in the quantities that need to manufacture the stairs with his hands.To the edge look nice, you should treat them round cutter.
mounting ladders on kosour should begin with the installation of the support column and mounting risers.Fix the design can be with screws, but also better to use liquid nails to no creaking stairs.Then it is necessary to adjust the rotary stage.Now the basis of the design is ready.
On the wall is necessary to mark the placement of stringers, if necessary, you should make adjustments to calculate the size of the steps.Then drawing from the wall transferred on tracing paper, and then - on the workpiece stringers.Using a simple hacksaw and circular saw are made under the excavation stage.
to the wall ready kosour fastened with screws.Steps and podstupok with stringers and with each other are connected similarly, the cap screws deep into the tree.The public part of the steps of your staircase locked bowstring.On top are made stair, attached balusters and decorative elements.Under the stairs to the rational use of the lockers can be equipped with various details, mezzanine and dressing room.
In this article you learned about the basic terms that are used in the manufacture of stairs, learned to count parameters such as the height and angle of the stairs, step width and height podstupenek and familiarized themselves with the basic materials that are used for the manufacture of stairs.In any case, the ability to design practical, reliable and convenient ladder for your home be sure to come in handy.