Spiral staircases - a great tool to emphasize the style of the room and fill it with the appropriate atmosphere.Massive wooden stairs are ideal for rooms decorated in a country style, while the air in the design of forged metal lace reminded of a time when the rules of modern interior.Fragile and aggressive, elegant and luxurious, avant-garde and modern - design can pick up absolutely any, limited only by your budget.In addition, spiral staircases can significantly save space, so they are always at the peak of popularity.
- Spiral staircases - indications for use
- What is worth knowing - disadvantages of spiral staircases
- main types of spiral staircases
- Terms installation easy and safe spiral staircase
- calculation spiral staircase
- Making stairs with his hands
- Installing a spiral staircase
- Decorating spiral staircase
Spiral staircases - indications for use
primarily spiral staircases are suitable for small rooms with
second reason for choosing spiral staircase - its price will be much lower than in mid-flight, placed at the same place, but at the same time it will look much more advantageous, giving the room a feature and originality.Screw metal stairs, wood or glass, with a handrail and without - with the help of them you can realize your wildest imagination, filling the home personality and causing surprise and delight guests.
What is worth knowing - disadvantages of spiral staircases
For all its beauty spiral staircases are not very comfortable.They do not allow transport to the next floor large pieces of furniture, cabinets, so that the hide, even with heavy bags climb it very problematic.Frequent whirling of her during the day can be tiring and irritating.Therefore, they are rarely used as the main stairwells, but rather as an element of decor or to enter into rarely visited room such as a bedroom.
main types of spiral staircases
stairs spiral staircases are fixed radially to form a ladder screw.If you consider it a horizontal section, he or polygonal or round.Typically, polygonal shape is selected if the planned installation of the stairs next to the wall.This allows you to save even more space.When located in the center of the room is better to use round staircases.
The design of the spiral staircase are the following types:
- with support levels on the walls along the perimeter and in the support leg;
- with jamming steps to support post;
- with resting the steps on the stringer or rail bent;
- journalled steps on the support column.
Terms installation easy and safe spiral staircase
To reduce discomfort and to achieve maximum comfort during operation, it is necessary at all stages of production of spiral staircases, from the settlement to installation, carefully follow all the rules and recommendations of the experts.
- better to abandon the riser, that is the element that connects the start of one stage to the other end.This will avoid sliding off his feet with a random step on the narrowest part of the step and will enable people to climb safely with larger feet.
- width mid-level should not be less than twenty centimeters.
- pedestal diameter exceeding 50 mm, but in this case, guaranteed the reliability of the stairs.
- coils should be placed with the maximum height of a man, at least two meters to the passage under the next round was not necessary to bend.
- Each full turn is allowed at least twelve steps.
calculation spiral staircase
Any spiral staircase with his own hands will be safe only when all the calculations are performed correctly.As a rule, the majority of stairs have a width equal to 0.8-0.9 meters.We carry out design calculations approximate height of 3 m and width - 0.9 m. It is located on the B-pillar with a diameter of 0.25 m.
decide to start the overall diameter of the planned steps.To do this, take two steps and add the width them the diameter of the rack:
2 * 0.9 + 0.25 = 2.05 m.
sketched on a sheet of paper a circle with a diameter of received and it is entered another indicating the trajectory ofclimb stairs man.The radius of the circle is found by dividing the sum of the width of the stairs and half the diameter of the support column.
(0,9 + 0,25) / 2 = 0.575 m.
proceed to the determination of the required number of steps per turn.For this use an average value of the step width of 0.2 m, to which we will divide the circumference of the path of movement of man.
2 * 3,14 * 0,575 / 0,2 = 18,055
We conclude that we need to turn every 18 steps.
Now you need to determine their height.Circle staircase divided by 18 equal parts.The height of the first and the last stage of revolution must be different to the height of a man.Given the thickness of 0.05 m stages, the average height of 1.85 person and leaving a small margin of 10 cm, the height of each round get:
1,85 m + 0,05 m + 0,1 m = 2 m.
hereeasy to calculate the height of each stage 2 m / 0,11m = 18 and the total number of steps (divide the height of the stairs to the stage height) 3 / 0.11 = 27.3.So, we will have 27 stages.
To calculate the final height of each step, divide the height of the ladder again, but on a number of stages: 3/27 = 0.11.In our case, we have the same meaning, but often leaves a bit corrected value.
Production of stairs with their hands
course, much easier to buy a ready-made spiral staircases, but that can compare with the pleasure that the owner, to make their own all elements of design, and install them, will receive with each ascending or descending.
If you choose a wooden stage, it is better if it is a beech or oak.In DIY stores you can buy ready-made rectangular stage and quickly tailor them to your size.Thereafter, the sharp edge is required to be treated with sandpaper.For the original interior made in certain colors, can be painted with paint stage.If, however, it is important to emphasize the naturalness of the material, it will be sufficient to cover them with several layers of parquet lacquer.Then you should know that you can apply varnish only after processing wood stain.After drying stage are attached to each sleeve, through which they will be held in the reference column.
next element spiral stairs - balusters.They can be made of wooden rods or metal bars, or buy ready-made.In the manufacture of balusters one to do a bit larger.She would go to the first step and installed on the floor.This will enhance the strength of the assembly.
much more difficult to cope with the manufacture of handrails.You can set a straight rod, but such avant-garde design looks impressive only in the appropriate environment.More preferred embodiment of the bent but at the same time it is the most time consuming.
fact that the wooden bowstring very difficult to bend.The wood should be soaking in boiling water until all the material is softened, and after that it is folded in the required field.It is not always possible to do it right the first time.There are more modern way - bonding thin slats between them, it would lead to bend any slope.
looks wonderful wrought iron spiral staircases.Such designs are not cheap, but as a rule, justify these costs their spectacular nature.
Installing a spiral staircase
proceed to the assembly prepared elements into one.All stages are strung on a rack, which is then fixed to the ceilings and floors.Steps are arranged so that they overlap at least 5 cm. After setting the position of each step is fixed by means of rails, and with their wide side set balusters or string.
Decorating spiral staircase
finishing options spiral staircases - a huge amount.Here, everything is limited only by the imagination of each person.The main thing is to finish the ladder is fully consistent with the style and facilities.Steps can be oblitsevat tiles, set made of glass and plastic, the whole structure beautiful drape curtains, balusters and handrails decorate with colored lights, creating an enchanting play of light and shadows.
When self-installing spiral staircases should be remembered that the correctness of its assembly depends on the safety of your entire family.Disregarding the rules could end tragically.The high degree of reliability is ensured only in the manufacture of true professionals ladder.