Pool in the courtyard or indoors special type - a source of pride owner.Such a pond is not talking only about the welfare of the host.It is needed for pleasure and health, as they say - for body and soul.To the pool did not become a headache for his arrangement should be initiated only after a thorough study of the operating principle.It is not enough to fill the tank with water, it is a complex engineering system.There occur continuously cleaning processes, heating and disinfection.One of the most important tools for the care of pool are skimmers.It is about them and will be discussed in this article.
- Brief description of types of pools
- Skimmer for swimming pools - the main element of the filtration system
- Installation skimmer attachment
- Skimmers for pools stationary
- Basic rules of installation for a pool skimmer
- Manufacturers mounted skimmers
- ManufacturersEmbedded skimmers
Failure to follow all the nuances of cl
Skimmer Water photo
turbidity, green water with an unpleasant odor, moisture in adjacent areas - the main signs that there were irregularities in the regeneration pool.
Brief description of types of pools
Many consumers vague idea of the swimming pool, but the knowledge of the basic principles will help to select the type of reservoir, which happens to be.
- It produces very impressive impression - mirror surface aligned with the sides.His device will be expensive, because it is an engineering challenge.For proper operation of the auxiliary premises must be built below the flood level.
- In simplified form, the scheme looks like this: perepleskivayas across the board, the water flows down the chute into a special tank.Thereof passing through the filter unit, where it is treated with a reagent, heated and fed into the bowl through the basin bottom nozzles.
- This type of pond is in affordability.It initially involves modest size and simple shape of the bowl.Skimmer (skimmer) with English translation as "skimmer" which defines the principle of operation of this Gidropribor.
- This device is equipped with an emergency overflow in control Ordinaries, which should be below the board by 15-25 cm. Its mesh basket performs pre-cleaning.It is recommended to install the skimmer at the rate of one system for 25-35 m² of water.
- The system works as follows: the upper water column climbs a mechanical device and passes the filtering equipment.After disinfection back into the bowl.The advantage of such a reservoir is that all necessary equipment is laid in the concrete "Hot" under construction, no additional space is not required here.
- Serve this pool is quite simple, in contrast to the overflow, which without calling the master can not do.To do this, you must periodically backwash the filter element and clean the pipe (pipe).
- During water exchange meets a whole range of embedded elements of their competent installation depends on the circulation of the aqueous layer.Removal of foam and debris from the surface by a skimmer.
Skimmer for swimming pools - the main element of the filtration system
This hollow tank is made of plastic or stainless steel.Its bottom part is equipped with a threaded connection, which is made through a connection line watershed.On one side is a hole serving for sampling and further passage of water to the filtration system and heating.
skimmer main functions:
- responsible for the collection of large debris from the water surface: the leaves, twigs, hair, insects, and so on. Etc .;
- used for laying Chemistry;
- its installation control the depth of the basin;
- you can connect gidropylesos.
skimmer handles up to 70% of the pool.Purified water is heated automatically passes through the nozzle.It is necessary to monitor the level of waste, it should be no lower than the mid-intake window of the unit.
is worth noting that the number of installed skimmers must match the number of feed nozzles to be positioned on opposite sides of the filter elements.Thereby basin complex equipment provide mixing of all the layers, preventing the formation of stagnant areas on the surface.
Skimmers are of two types:
- mounted skimmers pool .They are made of plastic.Their hardware is produced directly on board.They are an excellent option for inflatable pools skimmer bestway.These simpler models can be equipped with a return pipe.Thus, the device works as an outflow, and the supply of water after filtration.If it turned out that there is a ready availability of monolithic bowl and break the waterproofing it is not planned, it is precisely in such cases it is advisable to use attachments;
- built skimmers pool .This type is installed directly in the cup wall during its construction.Drainage holes are equipped with floating valve, prevents warm and clean water from the lower layers.Perform installation of such a device in the open water is recommended in view of the prevailing wind direction.This will significantly improve filtering surface water and prevent formation of stagnant zones.
Installation skimmer attachment
- their second name - swimming pool skimmers.For the installation of this mechanism to apply to a specialized company is not necessary.A distinctive feature of this simple device is easy to install, so the data are suitable for skimmer frame pools.Special mounting allows you to adjust the height of the position of the system with respect to the water level.
Important!Included with each product comes with two kinds of fasteners: for inflatable and frame pools.
- inside the tank installed net bucket during operation as filling its waste is pulled out and washed in running water.On top of the bulb mounted float which oscillates litter delay in the skimmer.
- Several different adapters make it possible to connect the corrugated hose to various systems, such as sand filters, pump.
- Because the water passes the primary processing load on the main filter is significantly reduced, thereby prolonging its life.
Skimmers for pools stationary
Built-mechanical devices differ not only in the manufacture of the material, but also accessories.For example, some are designed for film lining, others under the tiled finish, and others - for monolithic structures made of concrete and styrofoam.
- device is selected depending on the thickness of the wall of the pool.Skimmers are available with short, standard and extended neck.If necessary, among the accessories you can buy different kinds of extensions, nozzles and the like product.
- As a rule, he built the skimmer assembly is simple.The enclosed instructions given full description of the unit and the assembly stage.The main thing, just select the location of skimmers, correctly calculate the highway, the power to choose the right pump and so on. D.
- At its core, the pool - is a complex hydraulic structure, where each node is dependent on the effective work of the whole complex.Therefore, the project, calculation and construction should engage competent experts in this field.
Basic rules of installation for a pool skimmer
skimmer installation according to the manual will help eliminate the possibility of its failure, thereby reducing repair costs.A competent installation - a pledge of reliability and durability of the equipment.
- Do not replace fasteners, reaching complete.Supplied bolts, screws and other hardware designed for the relevant materials composing the product.If
- opening for equipment cut in the wall of the pool of steel sheet, the edges are cleaned from burr formed and then processed by anticorrosive paint.
- Regardless of the type of pool skimmer mounted strictly horizontal.The equipment should be installed unstrained, avoiding possible distortions.
- cover height can be extended a maximum of two rings."Skirts" glued together.It is recommended to use glue Tangit (Germany), SABA (Holland), the glue of the "Moment" is not suitable for such work.
- Almost all models of decorative frame has notches to determine the maximum and minimum Ordinaries.The water level is located below a minimum, result in damage to the pump.
Manufacturers mounted skimmers
It should be noted that the equipment is made of plastic suitable for any type of pool, but to products of Turkish and Chinese production should be treated with caution.The fact that plastic is used for the production of low quality, and hence in the time it begins to turn yellow, thereby losing the original appearance.
Price skimmer consists of the name of the manufacturer, the material, facilities and equipment.The majority of the market you can buy for the pool skimmers three of the most well-known companies.
- MTS (Germany) , specializing in the production of various equipment and related accessories for swimming pools.The company has developed a new technology with the use of equipment locking fasteners are resistant to corrosive media.Which provides complete tightness and ease of dismantling, even after prolonged use of the article.Cost skimmers MTS - 3 400 rubles.and higher.
- MTH (Germany) engaged in the production of frame pools and other equipment.The company has established one of the first Issue heaters and cartridge filters.All products are of high quality, reasonably priced, easy to use and requires minimal care.Cost skimmers MTH - 7 500-13 500 rubles.
- Intex (US) powerful company, whose plants are located in China and the Netherlands.Due Diligence of all production stages and affordability while maintaining high consumer quality makes the products so popular among buyers.It is recommended to use the products of one manufacturer, so it is advisable to use these skimmers for swimming pools intex.The cost of production of skimmers INTEX China - 750-1 000.
Manufacturers embedded skimmers
And since such equipment is integrated directly into the cup itself or crashes beyond, to save on the device does not make sense.In addition, the difference between the cheapest and most expensive component is about 13 tr, compared with the cost of building a swimming pool, this amount is small.
Choice in filters is very wide.This also applies to a variety of models, and technical capabilities, and producers.
- PAHLEN (Sweden) famous for its ultra-reliable and durable products.The equipment is based on innovative technologies.The material is solely for the production of alloyed steel.All equipment has ample opportunities to connect the main and additional devices.In addition, it is equipped with all necessary gaskets, fasteners for tightness and secure installation.Cost skimmers PAHLEN - from 37 000 to 41 000 rubles.
- PROCOPI (France) - an outstanding company that offers this kind of heavy-duty plastic equipment.Current production is estimated in accordance with international standards and confirmed by other documents.Holding develops and produces a flawless technique and related accessories.Cost skimmers Procopi - from 3500 to 6000 rubles.
- Kripsol (Spain) has established itself as a manufacturer of high-quality technology in the mid-market.The products are made of durable ABS plastic and fits the needs of today's market.New technology makes it possible to produce more efficient and energy-saving equipment.Cost skimmers Kripsol - 2 200-4 500 rubles.
- Emaux (China) - a fast growing company.Own production base is equipped with the unique equipment that allows to produce a wide range of devices for pools.Above all stages of the process is carried out proper control for compliance with the protocols of quality.Cost skimmers Emaux - from 1500 to 5000 rubles.
Before you give preference to a particular device, you should know that the universal models of mortgages and equipment intended for installation under the film are in complete rubber pads that provide reliable waterproofing.
- The cheapest material for the production of skimmers is plastic.The service life of such products is about 10 years.The main drawback of the production - a loss of a presentable appearance.
- Stainless steel gives the decorative and ensures a long service life.The cost of the above devices, respectively.
complex, consisting of well-chosen and installed equipment, ensure the effective recycling of water in the pool.This means that water treatment will rid of a headache, but not deliver it.