Forging is the most beautiful, elegant and extremely impressive materials used for the manufacture of stairs.Bizarre fishnet patterns engage the eye and make considered weave delicate vines.In the old days of forging ladder could afford only crowned heads or heirs of the royal throne.Today make a wrought-iron staircase with your hands can be anyone.In addition, there is a possibility of drawing up individual project to create a unique design.
- Features forged products forged
- stairs Forged stairs with his hands
- Design forged ladder
- choice of material
- Preparation Tools
- Transferring pattern on the surface of
- Manufacturing designs
- Finish railing
Features forged products
old forging technology has not changed.Blacksmiths passed his art to process metal from generation to generation, but so far it was not possible to automate skill.To create this openwork lace using a sledgehammer, rough anvil and tongs.Iron is
Rather, it is even better, because the products are executed with their hands are always appreciated more.For example, around the house you can build a fence and forged metal lamps illuminate it.Located at the entrance to the house of an iron canopy will give a special charm to your dwelling, and beautiful steel door emphasize its advantages.The unique spiral staircase will impress your guests with its lightness and elegance.
Any product of artistic forging, including a wrought-iron staircase, is remembered for a long time because it is a real work of art and craftsmanship.Forging can be called a universal product, since it is suitable to any style.You can make any style staircase - eastern, classical, Gothic, Empire style, modern, avant-garde, Rococo, Baroque, etc.Also very popular are the wrought iron railings for the stairs.These barriers have a number of advantages - transparency, lightness, delicacy, durability and high security.
Types forged stairs
Select the type of ladder depends on many factors, such as ease of movement, financial and spatial possibilities.Construction of forged staircases constantly improving and improving.According to the purpose forged stairs are divided into main, auxiliary, front and parade.Forged stairs can be spiral, marching, L-shaped, self-supporting, curved and U-shaped.
Open staircases are a traditional and popular option, but not very suitable for small spaces.These ladders are more suitable for large areas, but they are characterized by safe movement and ease of manufacturing.Open staircases can be used in residential, public and industrial buildings.Each march must have no more than 15 steps to the rise does not take much effort.If the design of the staircase is too long, it would be appropriate to set the staging area.Stairs of this type are straight and turning.If the march is rotated in any direction, it is called a turning point.
Spiral staircases require more space look nice, but can cause some difficulties when lifting, as steps are zabezhnymi.These stairs have a spiral structure through which and the saving of space.Spiral staircase forged house often used as complementary and decorative elements.
L-shaped staircases are often held in areas with little space.They are characterized by winders and professional approach to manufacture.These stairs are 90 ° rotation and is often installed in country houses or cottages.For many facilities suits this form may therefore L-shaped versions are quite common.
Stairs with U-shape also helps to save space and look great as a central element of the design space.This type does not occupy much space and is used with zabezhnymi steps.Stairs U-shaped rotated by 180 ° can be made with the turntable or rotary stages.The latter option requires less space, but losing the first for convenience.
self-supporting ladder steps beams are supported from below on both sides or one located in the middle.This beam has a sawtooth shape, which are stacked on top stage, and an end - risers.This embodiment like "hanging" in the space, so looks easy.Railings made of floral ornament will make the structure more ease.On the support column in the form of triangles twist stage, also attached to the railing.
Curved staircases are at the highest position on the complexity of manufacturing.As a rule, they are made by masters of the highest qualification.This is a semi-circular staircase and consists of winders with the upper platform.
When planning holiday homes indoors very popular screw forged stairs, which can save on space.Build a beautiful wrought-iron staircase is a fairly simple procedure, even in this difficult to believe.If the room has a very limited space, there are options that are attached to the wall.
worth noting that ladders can combine several different materials.For example, the carrier element can be made of metal, and the steps to make a timber.You can also arrange a wooden carrier element and stage revet granite or marble and wrought iron fences do.You can combine a wood and steel, wood and glass, stone and steel.
Forged stairs with his hands
in forging the creation of stairs only used for handrails, struts, or close to these subjects stuff.Staircase itself is no different from the standard metal.When you create a wrought-iron staircase railings have to adhere to a certain accuracy, because flight of stairs can be arranged slopes.If the inclination angle is changed by only a few millimeters, the design should be altered.
Design forged ladder
any ladders Construction always begins with its design.Initially, you should think about the design and create a decent environment.Develop architectural solution, create a structure model, calculate the strength of the structure.
Select sketch or photograph that will best meet your requirements on appearance, safety and reliability.But note that the chosen design must match your skills.The problem is that certain products are carried out only hot forging, it is difficult to perform in the home in the absence of the forge and the hammer.
choice of material
Then think about how much material you need.Note that the material for the handrail should easy to handle because they can fantastically bent toward the stairs.For greater safety it is better to resort to arms, made in the category of art forging, which will give additional beauty of design and reliability.
material can be used for metal and metal profile with different cross-section, as in the photo beautiful wrought-iron staircase.Recommended maximum acquire metal small cross section because it is easier to process and produce deformation in the appropriate places.
Metal and metal profile are available at Metal.To consider ways of delivery, since the material has a length of 6 meters.When you buy it, of course, can be cut, but what if the railing will be longer?Then it is necessary to build up and boil stuff, so you will spend for it more time and effort.
immediately determine what tools you need to create a railing.As a rule, use the welding machine, mask, electrodes, level place for assembly, grinders stripping with circles and levels, as well as other small items that may be needed during creation.
After buying the metal and preparing all tools required to prepare a flat place, so you can draw your staircase where the steps in full size.For the product measurements you need area, the two-level notebook with a pencil, tape measure and protractor large network.Measure the length and height of each step.Remember that the length of each step should be measured from the edge of the stage (and not the riser), which need area and a measuring tape.
Transferring pattern on the surface of
The results must be transferred to your chosen surface.Then you can paint the frame of future railing.The standard height of the railing is 950 millimeters, but you have to leave the gap from the floor of 100 mm.Perhaps you will fasten a wooden handrail, the thickness of which is equal to 30-40 mm.Therefore, the frame should have a height of about 820 millimeters on external borders.
When mounting the upper column is indented from the riser, and the bottom - from the edge of the steps.This is done at the top to the fixing material is not entered into the, which holds the riser, otherwise it may fall and will have more time to prepare the composition and make a new riser, which is not very good for reliability.Why make a step back from the bottom of the stairs?If you install a post nearer the bottom edge of the frame lie forged stair railings for private home on stage and will warp.
When you apply all the selected surface, carefully check and recheck everything several times.After you have drawn a chalk box, try to draw a simple pattern inside it.This is best carried out using chalk to be able to draw and erase again.When the image is ready, you need to find a rope with a length of 50 centimeters, which will help calculate the length of each element.
All calculations are recorded in a notebook.These sizes should be cut off from the long metal profiles using grinders, roulette and glasses.Each cut piece, try to give a proper shape.This is a fairly complex process that will take you a long time.You can not go wrong, but continue to bend and give the desired shape with a hammer.
Of course, this is best done in the presence of the hearth, but in the home will have to deform the cold metal.To understand the principle of leverage and exposure to the metal by means of additional devices, you must take the square in a vise and place it vertically.Then use an old pipe wrench and try to bend them to the square at right angles.When you finish all the blanks to bend, you need to compare them with each other to have the same shape.
After that you need to use the welding machine and gently put on the joints frame a few drops of molten electrode.When the frame is finished, you can start filling it in a picture.You have to put the pieces together, folding each blank to each other.Each point of contact produces a small spot welds, if necessary, to tear and could alter the elements.
After this work turn the entire section forged railings and cook everything on the other side, then flip it back and do this procedure again.It is worth noting that you can get forged items in the store, which will look even more beautiful and weld some details to the already established that your staircase has turned out really unique.When the section is ready, you should gently put it on the poles, so that they do not deviate from the vertical.
Forged railing should be smooth and would not cling.To make the items more smooth and give them the aesthetic appearance, it is necessary to clean up the place of assembly, using a grinder stripping circles and metal brushes.Be sure to wear goggles because sparks can strike the elements and bounce straight in the eye.To prevent corrosion, it is necessary to wear a wire brush.You can paint the fabric with a brush or polivizatorom.The last option is certainly better, but not everybody masters it is.
Before painting on the railing can be applied to white ground.This approach closes the small roughness of the metal and make the paint more beautiful.Also, the primer will protect the metal from moisture.If you are installing handrails in the house, you can not use a primer.This procedure is required only for street wrought-iron staircase.When selecting the ink composition and the soil is necessary to pay attention to the compositions, since they can dissolve each other.
paint and primer is applied on all sides.For decorative effect you can buy a patina that will make the railing more beautiful.You can also give your old way of forging or gild it.Features decoration can be very diverse.Along with forging for stair railings are often used wood, ceramics, crystal, precious stone rocks, glass, etc.
For easy device supporting pillars under the floor finishing stacked metal sheets of small size in the shape of a square, which is welded perpendicular to the metal pin that passes through a hole in the floor finishing.This element is required for mounting vertical balusters.
This approach gives the impression that the front goes to the floor, so no need to use anchor bolts, which can damage the attractiveness of the stairs.You can mask the additional fastening bolts and forged plates, but it will take more time and finance.Be sure to check that the railings were stable and does not wobble.Forged items shall not have sharp edges and protruding.
Thus, any forged products bring to your house style and comfort.Prices are quite high wrought-iron staircase.On the other hand wrought-iron staircase with his own hands is not so elusive task.This is really an executable product that requires a bit of care, diligence and desire.Wrought iron stair railings, which are made of bronze, stainless steel or brass, combined with all modern materials and make it possible to translate into life any design decision.