"Fake!"- Some say about the man-made stone, and they will be right.Yes, this is a finishing material is only an imitation of the natural stone, smooth and cold, but that did not detract from its highest performance.It is an imitation, but what!Excellent performance, perfect, flawless, incredibly beautiful and ... cheap, unlike the original.Yes, an artificial stone, but so real, so natural and so faithfully replicate the color, the shape and structure of natural stone that distinguish one from the other will be able to unless specialist.In this article, we consider all the pros and cons of artificial stone, its production process and the types of surfacing material.
- Types of artificial stone
- Artificial stone of colored concrete
- Characteristics of artificial stone
- Technology of artificial stone
- Advantages of artificial stone
- Disadvantages of artificial stone
- What more manufacturers offer
Species artificial stone
Artificial stone can be made of synthetic stone products based fillers of natural stone chips and polyester resins, clay and mineral supplements (granite), as well as colored concrete.The first version, called sinter, mainly used for lining of furniture and home furnishings (table tops, window sills, bar counters, sinks, etc.), the second and the third - for the decoration of interior and exterior elements of buildings and structures.Thus, there are only three kinds of artificial stone, differing from each other in their composition, method of production and application.
Artificial decorative stone can be made of gray or white cement, sand, gravel or natural stone crumbled with the addition of pigments to the mineral-based, to achieve maximum similarity to natural stone.To increase the strength and load-bearing characteristics of the material is often used fiber reinforcement - a special supplement fiberglass, synthetic fibers or steel, artificial stone that turns into a kind of metal.
Artificial stone for interior decoration and external cladding work on buildings can simulate a variety of breeds of its natural counterpart: malachite, granite, onyx, marble, jasper, sandstone, etc.However, these types can be divided into three groups depending on the appearance, structure and application.
These artificial products produced by vibrocompression under very high pressure.After pressing the material is subjected to calcination, which enshrines the effect obtained.The structure consists of feldspar porcelain, several varieties of clay, various minerals and pigments.
In appearance resembles granite tiles or glass, not stone.It is very durable and resistant to various influences and changes in temperature.However, it can not withstand "invasion" of hydrofluoric acid, which easily comes in contact with the glass.
texture of porcelain can have a variety of incarnations: it can be glossy and matt and glazed and relief.
By agglomerates are materials of which consists of polyester resin and various fillers such as limestone, marble chips, granite.The agglomerates have a huge variety of colors and can simulate a variety of natural stones rocks.This finishing material has a high compressive strength and flexural strength, and can withstand very severe frosts.
The disadvantages include their agglomerates "svetobozyan" instability of abrasion and exposure to certain chemicals, and they can not be used as a floor covering in the underfloor unit.In the latter case, the products subjected to heat from the heating system, simply deform and become unsuitable for further use.
strength characteristics depend on the filler agglomerates.So, if in the artificial stone are quartzites, such article of its strength almost nothing to give in porcelain stoneware.
main scope of the agglomerates - lined furniture and interior items.Table tops, window sills, bar counters, finished with a material, look as if they were carved from a single piece of stone, and their constituent stone chippings only reinforces this impression.
Artificial stone of colored concrete
The composition of the stone includes Portland cement, sand, aggregate fillers, expanded clay, pumice, plasticizers, pigments, reinforcing agents and water-repellent substances.Scope of this man-made stone is big enough, because it can be used for interior decoration, as well as for external.
kinds of artificial stone a little, but enough to transform the interior of the house or the surrounding territory into a real masterpiece.
Characteristics of artificial stone
- structural and integrity - the product of artificial stone look as if they were carved from a single piece of stone, and their structure does not change its properties throughout the depth of the material.
- High strength - Tests have shown that a number of mechanical properties of synthetic analogues of natural stone in its strength virtually nothing inferior to steel or iron.
- Moisture - products made of artificial stone did not absorb moisture and no way to react to changes in humidity, so on the surface will never be got fungus or mold.
- Chemical resistance - artificial stone finishes can even be used on walls and basement floors of city buildings, which are often subject to aggressive attack of heavy chemistry, what can we say about ordinary kitchen or garage.
- Durability - products made of artificial stone not prone to erosion, as is the case with natural sibling, they are not afraid of wind and water, and thus will serve almost forever.
- Fire - man-made stone is not flammable and has a low thermal conductivity, which opens up opportunities for creative ideas.They can not just coat the walls and fireplaces, stoves, fire-safe zones, etc.
- exceptional maintainability - even if artificial stone received any damage up to the split, you can always return to its original form.
- Beauty - man-made stone products insanely beautiful and attractive.To achieve such refinement with natural analogues difficult, because each stone is unique in its own way and artificial variants can be combined in such a way that it is necessary.
Brief manufacturing technology of artificial stone
Artificial stone is made by special technology using polyurethane or plastic mold.First, in a vacuum mixer and mixed resin filler (cement filler), then the mixture is poured into molds for artificial stone, and when the composition is fully captured and cooled, the product can be easily removed.To see the process firsthand, you can see a small video clip, which clearly shows how the home can be made artificial stone.
forms, by the way, can have a variety of sizes and designs, allowing you to create interesting and unusual composition: it can be formed into a seabed with shells, pearls and shells, the shape of the old blocks, of which the fortress was built, orcircular shape in the form of wood saw cut.In general, the producer is boundless fantasy and what is more, it appears, the more revenue it can bring to its "master."
Advantages of artificial stone
The advantages of artificial stone can be attributed:
- Easy handling
- ease of transport
- lighter weight products compared to the natural counterparts
Mounted artificial stone on a special adhesive or conventional mortar,and in the case of cracking or chipping quickly these shortcomings are offset by the same solution or a small piece of material adhered to the injury site.Is not required and any special care artificial stone surface, however, it may be necessary to process it in the water repellent composition if the stone is not very suitable for outdoor use, it is in prolonged contact with water.
Many manufacturers of artificial stone create entire collections that allow to implement the most daring ideas and fantasies.The variety of shapes, colors and textures makes it possible to finish not only man-made stone walls and floors, and door and window openings, gables, angles and other structural elements of buildings and structures.
But that's not all!Artificial stone, the price of which is significantly lower than in the natural, it can be used on a much larger area, because the purchase price of the material and its installation will be disproportionately lower than similar actions, but taken to the natural stone.
Disadvantages of artificial stone
fact disadvantages of artificial stone is hardly impaired, because it is only in some respects inferior to their natural counterparts.Man-made stone samples are less durable and resistant to abrasion, but it "remark" does not refer to all types, but only to the agglomerates.In addition, some kinds of artificial stones "do not like" the sun, chemicals, and high or low temperatures, and some "model" also exposed to moisture, therefore, require additional protection by treatment with special hydrophobic compounds.
What more manufacturers offer?
Manufacturers are always looking and searching for new materials that can help designers and architects in the embodiment of their ideas.It is in this search and found a formula unique acrylic stone staron, which is unparalleled hardness and durability.
This eco-friendly, practical and trendy material created new standards in interiors.Stone perfectly smooth, without the slightest hint of roughness or cracks, it is pleasant to the touch and looks like a product of mineral origin.But most importantly - staron - artificial stone, which allows you to perform from his architectural and decorative objects of any size without seams.Thanks to technology, "seamless splicing" material restored easily and quickly brought into the ideal.
This progress will not stop, rest assured!There will be new and more sophisticated formulas that will give an opportunity to improve the characteristics of the artificial stone to the level of subsistence, and even to some extent surpass it.