Many owners are trying to equip their garages with maximum functionality.It is not just a place where kept the car, they do cellars warehoused things someone even equips premises.For motorists who prefer to service their car in a garage inspection pit required.That's how to do it properly, and will be discussed in the article.
- Benefits viewing hole in the garage
- When the arrangement of a viewing hole in the garage is impossible
- Inspection pit size
- How to make a viewing hole in the garage
- Arrangement floor observation pit
- materials for waterproofing viewing holeThe warm
- viewing hole
- Walling viewing hole
- coverage observation pit
- Manhole pit
- little more in favor of a viewing hole
- Before wondering how to make a viewing holein the garage, it is worth pondering, and whether to do it at all?And if 20 years ago, this question does not even get up (the pit was considered unique advantage), then with the development of the workshop network appeared category of car owners who say they do not see the point of the viewing hole.Why spend time and energy on self-inspection and repair of the car, if it can be done in a specialized service, quickly and efficiently?
- second argument against the pit called wet vapor, which anyway would rise from it, forming condensation on the surface of the car, thereby subjecting it to the bottom of corrosion.
- Naturally, many will agree with such allegations, especially that of truth in them, of course, there is.But in a rebuttal, too, can cause a sufficient number of well-founded facts.
Benefits viewing hole in the garage
- First, on the economic side of the issue.Of course, it's great when you can give your car in proven, professional hands and get back after a short time, ready for further operation.And even better, when the bill is fast and quality service will not beat the pocket.
- But unfortunately, in such a difficult time like this, to expect that money to fix the car there in any case, quite lightly.Therefore it is recommended to get a viewing hole, if available.This kind of guarantee that the elementary inspection to your car, if necessary, it can be carried out independently and in a rather comfortable environment.
- fairness it should be noted that not all who have an expensive car and money on its content, disdain to look at your own body.For many car owners it is even fun and sort of a hobby.
- Regarding wet fumes, the deduction is more likely to be attributed to exaggeration.Of course, this is a problem, especially in a heated garage.But a tight lid over the pit that will solve the problem of almost 100%.In addition, the car will obviously not stand in one place in the garage for a few years (in this case, of course, does not prevent corrosion) and wet weather on the streets of Port the bottom is not worse than dampness in the room.
- Of course, the ideal - when the area allows the car to the garage occasionally to stand elsewhere.
When the arrangement of a viewing hole in the garage is impossible
Of course, not every garage can be fitted with a viewing hole.And this possibility depends, primarily, on the level of groundwater.If it is higher than 2 meters, the hole will be feasible, as it will be filled with water.Even with sufficient critical indicators, this problem can be solved by making the proper drainage system and a garage a good waterproofing of the pit.
- Drainage - a very sensitive issue, so it should only deal with people in the know at the stage of building a garage.If you try to recreate the system in an existing building, it will result in a very troublesome, expensive and not always the most important effective process.
- So if an indicator of groundwater under the existing garage suggests that the device viewing hole should be abandoned, then this tip is worth considering.As a last resort you can try to equip the "speed" the pit, as the small alternative to full.
- Check the level of groundwater is possible, inviting relevant experts.If you do not want to spend on their services, it is allowed to carry out their own checks, though it will take much more time.Quite simply digging a pit for the pit is not worth it at once concrete and wait for the flood season or simply heavy rain, to assess its impact.
Inspection pit size
In fact, this seemingly simple device as an observation pit, has a lot of options besides the standard.For example:
- combined with a basement (cellar);
- narrow when to operate it often uses ordinary ladder;
- already mentioned above, the recumbent.
And each of these wells has numerous subspecies.Dimensions full viewing hole in the garage may also vary.It all depends on whether the person with what parameters will use it and the size of the car will be placed on it.If users and can be a lot of cars, then these costs come from the settlements:
- width of not less than 80 cm, optimally 1 meter;
- depth of 1, 80 - 2 meters.This is the most complex component, which depends on human growth.Best option when the depth of the well is greater than the growth of 10-15 cm;
- length is usually 2 meters.
From the planning of the pit, we must remember that these figures, it is only a reference point for the excavation.In practice, it should dig making allowance for the length of 40-50 cm and a width and a depth of 20-25 cm.If the plans wall insulation costs, the need to increase the size of the pit is also the width of the insulation (usually the 50 mm).
How to make a viewing hole in the garage
Arrangement floor observation pit
- After the pit dug to the required parameters, you must take the floor next hole.A competent and careful approach to this stage of the construction guarantee that problems with dampness can be avoided.In particular, from the outset it is worth remembering that the observation pit is very necessary ventilation.For this purpose, the floor must leave a hole through which the ground, and then at its surface (20 cm) to bring special flexible hose - duct.Should definitely make him cover.
- first prepare "cushion" under the concrete.It consists of two layers, consisting of 10 cm 5 cm of gravel and sand, all of which must be carefully leveled and compacted.
- then smeared with clay surface and place a layer of waterproofing (about what material to choose will be discussed later).
- next stage - laying of reinforcement and concreting directly.
- After drying of concrete is necessary to lay another layer of waterproofing and only then proceed to finishing, or else prepare the ground under the insulation.
- But some prefer to go easier way and the floor of the observation pit lays brick.But it is rational only if the ground water are located very deeply, as do high-quality waterproofing fail.
materials for waterproofing viewing hole
waterproofing materials on the market now presented a lot of each of them in varying degrees possesses certain qualities.But what to choose for viewing hole?On the one hand, the material must effectively cope with its functions, because, as already mentioned, the tank carries a very heavy load in terms of excess humidity, on the other - it should be in an accessible price point.
Guided by these considerations, from the variety of materials are the following:
- membrane of a polymer monolayer (1.5 to 2.00 mm) and dual layer (max 3.10 mm).Very durable and resistant material.But at the same time the most expensive.Rather expensive is not the membrane, and work on its installation, which requires certain skills and tools;
- bitumen, more bituminous materials (roofing material, for example) and bitumen lubricant.In contrast to polymers, these materials are the most inexpensive and simple to install, but it and the maximum duration of their services do not exceed 20 years.Conduct of waterproofing yourself is realistic.The material is sold in rolls and can be cut into a desired size and glued with a 15 cm overlap. The joints are glued or by heating or by using a bitumen solvent;
- waterproofing grease.It may be two alternatives above methods.It is a modern, relatively inexpensive, and most importantly - easy application of the material.The main thing - to apply grease to the wet surface, then it is completely impregnated concrete and is perfectly protected from excess moisture.
The warm viewing hole
- Warming viewing hole is quite rare.And it should be noted, in vain.If you have time and material opportunity, this procedure is carried out, especially if the whole garage is heated.This will help to minimize heating costs, which rise from the extreme temperatures.
- Insulation is glued directly onto concrete or brick, then to the walls and floor can be subjected to finishing.
- And if for waterproofing in the choice of a particular material can be doubted that as a heater all professional builders called one the best option - polystyrene.It is only necessary to consider its markings on the floor to put PSB-S-35, on the walls - PSB-S-25.
Walling viewing hole
Here, there are two popular solutions - concreting and bricklaying.If desired, both options can be subjected to decorating, plaster, lay tile or fiberglass.
preparatory work under the concrete and bricks are required, and look the same.The walls should be covered with a layer of clay, it put a dense film, then set the formwork 10-15 cm thick.
At this stage it is necessary to provide two important points:
- a safety rail, whose function is to prevent the possible ingress of wheels of the car in the pit.Also, it will prevent the ingress of moisture from the wheels into the pit.It represents the bar in the form of the letter "T" metal, which is attached to the mold level with the floor and acts as a support for the cover of the pit;
- ledges and niches in the wall, which will serve as shelves for tools and other necessary things.The extent to which this is conveniently evaluated by the first operation hole diversion.
coverage observation pit
Even those who are unanimous that the inspection pit in the garage thing really need is a reason for dispute, the most striking of which is the question of lighting.Do I have it in a viewing hole?
- Many argue that it is possible to do carry or use a lamp with a powerful battery.But, based on considerations about the level of comfort in the regeneration of the pit of her inner light is still thinking.
- True, they definitely need to take into account the rules SNIP which state that the AC mains voltage inside the viewing hole should not exceed 36 V. Under such stress, there are special lamps.But the standard 220 absolutely contraindicated, becausemay pose a threat to life.
final, but is also a very important step.Typically, wood is used for the cover thickness 50 mm, although it may be sufficient, and 35 mm, asheavy load boards still do not feel, but to raise them to be a little easier.
Caps for pit, except for standard folding can be of several types, which are dependent on what the surface of the pit fringed:
- if metal area, the cover can be made of several (3-4) shieldsthe bottom of which metal strips are fixed on the small rolls.They assist boards to shift.Each shield, in turn, is composed of wooden slats, a width of 30-35 mm;
- if the contour holes are attached two brackets welded to each other, the cover may be made of two large panels arranged at different levels.On the movable shield should be set rollers, and on the edge of the slats guides.This makes it easy to open only half of the pit, moving a shield;
- cover to reveal the principle of roller shutters, manufactured as follows.Undertake board thickness 35-40 mm and a length corresponding to the width of the pit.On each board, both ends of the grooves are made into which is threaded metal wire.Between the bar and cable mounted spring, this will facilitate the mobility of construction.The cable is fixed to the last board and on the opposite, other end, the handle is placed.It should be a little bit for it to pull and you can open a hole at any size.This cover is very convenient, but requires processing waterproofing impregnation, otherwise it will be short-lived.
little more in favor of a viewing hole
- From the above it becomes clear that the creation of a viewing hole with their hands - these are additional costs in the finished garage, and during its construction.
- But counting the losses, it is worth considering that such an option as an observation well in times increases the cost of the building as a whole, if it should be sold.In addition, the engineering documentation pit need not be mentioned.
Inspection pit video
- independently conducted on the benefits of repairing the vehicle described above, but you can take a step further, organizing a small service station garage.Some, extending hole in the basement, in the last full ustaivayte workshop that besides financial returns, saves space in the garage.Entrance to a basement can be done from a viewing hole and on the side, while standing in the garage of the machine will not interfere with any movement.