happens that requires refresh or change the bored stucco facade.Most of the brick facade of the plan to do, but for obvious technical or financial reasons - it is difficult to perform.Therefore, the reconstruction of the old house or the design of new construction can be veneered façade thermopanels with ceramic tiles for many benefits.Among other things, the clinker has a wide range of colors and a considerable variety of textures.
- history clinker
- Advantages of ceramic tiles
- Manufacturing ceramic tiles
- methods of clinker production clinker
word "brick" has German roots- when tapped material produces a characteristic sound «klink».First came up with the Dutch clinker, developing the technology of manufacturing high-strength ceramic stone.In the Netherlands in the early 19th century created the first clinker road that connected the Haarlem to Amsterdam.
Dutch eventually began to produ
Advantages ceramic tiles
Clinker is a ceramic tile on the basis of clay, which was held at a high temperature continuous heat treatment.Clinker was made a long time in Germany, a special kind of clay.A distinctive feature of the clinker is in the fact that it is made from natural material, and has low moisture absorption - 0.3 - 3%, which makes the tile frost.
Due to the special strength of the material has a high abrasion, which makes ceramic tiles popular in public places with a significant level of traffic.Clinker is not subjected to mechanical stress, it is resistant to sunlight, mildew, bacteria, fungi, moss and aggressive substances.The tile is carried out at a temperature greater than 1000 degrees Celsius, thanks to this technology out of it completely eliminated a variety of inclusions and voids.
Today clinker tiles on the range and quality is not inferior to the recognized brick facade.This lets you save the clinker, because the use of full-scale brick in some cases very expensive, impractical or impossible.Clay brick under tile is an excellent solution in the construction of new homes and renovation of old buildings.
Production of ceramic tiles
to produce high quality facing ceramic tiles used refractory shale particular chemical composition that does not contain impurities of calcium carbonate and salt.Also fireclay and flux in the finished batch is accepted to add a fine promoter that accelerates the process of sintering.
clinker burning is performed at high temperatures - close to 1300 degrees Celsius, while the temperature for conventional ceramic products does not exceed 1,000 degrees.This technique allows you to output the material fume structure without voids, products of high strength and low water absorption.This, in turn, is essential for our climate.
The composition of the charge is often added dyes that allow to make the facade ceramic tiles of various colors - from dark brown to milky white.This allows you to design and create original façades with different color and plastic solutions.However, clinker tiles, even without the addition of dyes has beautiful shades of yellow-brown color that depend on the chemical composition of the clay used and the temperature of its burning.
methods of clinker production
the modern enterprise clinker produced by extrusion.The batch is then added to a small amount of water and the resulting pasty mass under the influence of the matrix-die extruded through a punch which has a rectangular opening with dimensions that define the required thickness of the ceramic tiles (9 - 17 mm) and width (50 - 113 mm).Exits the extruder feed, chopped fine wire length (193 - 295 mm), and the resulting preform enters the furnace for firing.
But, along with this, there is a hand molding technique, which allows you to get an exclusive ceramic tiles that can be used for exterior finish construction of houses and restoration of the facades of historic buildings.In the latter case, the artificial aging of ceramic tiles, whose surface is chipped, sinks, wear, formed by means of compressed air and jets of high pressure water.
clinker Clinker is a unique building material, which has properties which can not be compared one kind of ceramic tiles.Clay tiles are usually a standard size 12 by 24.5 centimeters, but it can be square and, with sufficiently large dimensions.The thickness of the clinker ranges from 9 to 25 millimeters.With increasing thickness increases the strength of ceramic tiles, which could easily serve as a raised floor.
color scheme of ceramic tiles has about 100 different options - from cream and white tones to red-brown and black.On the colors of clinker stands alone stop.Clay tiles - a natural material without chemical additives and dyes, so it does not change its own color and does not fade after many years in the sun.A wide range of colors achieved only natural methods.
surface of clinker and ceramic tiles under a brick is rough, glossy, matte or untreated.To achieve the effect of burnt material vpekayut in raw coal, and for improving the decorative properties - a special glaze is applied.On the raw clay to give the desired color is applied to natural dye that is baked simultaneously with the tiles.Also, the clinker is vitrified.
as a building and finishing material clinker tiles has such varieties: covering material for interior and exterior decoration of buildings, as well as technical clinker tiles for paving walkways, roads, floors, public and industrial buildings, as well as storage facilities for finishing.
Scope ceramic tiles is very wide, and thanks to the frost clinker used in all climatic zones.Clay tile is suitable for low-rise construction and construction of multi-storey buildings, and is also used to increase the technical properties of existing homes.Clinker for lining concrete, frame, foam concrete and wood surfaces.
to the outside of the outer wall, in this case attached a layer of insulation, which is placed on top of clinker tiles, and then at times increases the ability of thermal insulation walling.Clay tile enhances the durability of facades: they do not collapse under the influence of corrosive substances contained in the soot, smog and acid rain.
Due to its characteristics of clinker tiles has been widely used in the suburban house-building.With the help of this material equip terraces, outdoor spaces, balconies, greenhouses, garden paths and patios.Clay tile allows you to create original landscape options, as resistant to the influence of all kinds of weathering, rot and burn, not interesting insects and fungi, as well as excellent color stability.
Clinker is indispensable for swimming pools because of its durability.Various solid plum complicated configurations, special grooves for easy gripping, angular elements, rough surface in places where there is a danger of slipping.The floor in the garage can also be performed from this tile, because the material has high chemical resistance and he is not afraid of oil and gasoline.
Very often clinker tiles used as an alternative to expensive counterparts - natural stone or porcelain tiles.The decoration of stairs, facades, pedestrian areas ceramic tiles enough, and only in public areas with high operating loads (airports, stations, underground) it makes sense to use it instead of ceramic granite.
Indispensable similar material and mantel.Ceramic tiles looks superficially like a brick, but is resistant to high temperatures, making it ideal for arranging furnaces.The uniqueness of clinker is the widest choice of colors color.Clay tiles are also available in a version of the popular enough - under the hand molding.Finishing ceramic tiles gives the effect of antiquity and the fireplace will create a mysterious interior.
As you know, the sand and the rough surface of the ceramic tiles reminiscent of classic Dutch brick.But such an optical component is not the only advantage of this high-quality material, have undergone firing in the tunnel kiln.Clinker provide you with full comfort and convenience, as well as eliminate additional financial costs.