No building material can not boast of such a wear resistance, durability and frost resistance as clinker tiles.Its popularity is also due to the fact that it is - a material proven for centuries, and it is made exclusively from natural raw materials.Clinker, essentially none of the disadvantages.Laying of ceramic tiles has its own peculiarities and regulations depending on the surface on which it is placed - stone, plaster, brick, insulation.
- Training adhesive
- procedure for laying clinker
- Creating seams
basis for facing ceramic tiles must be carried out of reinforced concrete or plaster frost, it mustbe smooth and differ sufficiently load-bearing capacity.The substrate must be free of cracks, hollow pockets that can be filled with water, and loose parts.The base must be cleaned of dirt and substances that reduce adhesion - grease, dust, lubricating oil, bituminous mastics, fragile coatings.
When using tiles to eliminate moisture should pay particular attention to the waterproofing coating.Weak areas that are constantly showered, have to remove.Uneven base should align with the help of a repair plaster for 3 days before laying ceramic tiles.
clinker suitable for laying concrete, whose age is more than 3 months, and the humidity - less than 4%, sand-cement and cement-lime plaster with age more than 28 days and the moisture content of less than 4%, reinforced with a protective layer made frommixtures of at least 3 days of age.
If you are going to lay the tiles on the facade of the buildings, it is recommended to use a heat-insulating base or thermal panels for facades with ceramic tiles.So get to save up to 80% of the money on heating and increase thermal comfort in the building.Insulation prevents the spread of heat into the environment, as well as housing protects against penetration of pathogenic bacteria and fungi.
adhesive for laying ceramic tiles, you can make a traditional mortar with a mechanical mixer: for interior work should take 4 parts sand and 1 part cement brands M-500, for the street - 3 parts sand and 1 part cement.
Weight must contain the required amount of water to be plastic.Before applying the solution should be evenly wet the surface prepared for laying.The solution is applied to a thickness of about 4 centimeters and aligned rails.On a wet surface of the solution is applied to clean cement powder for the full absorption of excess water.Tile is settled on a layer of mortar, then it is moistened with water and covered for even curing solution polyethylene.
for laying ceramic tiles, you can use a special adhesive mortar that prepared strictly according to instructions.Ensure that the scope of this adhesive corresponds to the actual area.It should be noted that the adhesive for clinker is most often applied to the tiles, as you leave on the basis of calculations pencil and adhesive mass can hide them or grease.
Laying clinker is recommended according to the recommendation on the use of glue.You must not use too much glue, the mass did not have time zavetretsya or dry.Remove residual adhesive mixture until it withered.
procedure for laying clinker
tile must be laid, removing it from the packaging and mix in advance, in order to avoid sharp variations in color.To achieve a perfectly flat seam lines recommended spread tiles based on the direction of grooves on the rear side of the article.Just the tile is laid to protect against moisture.Typically when laying bead width does not exceed 12 millimeters.
Clinker can be installed on the facades of buildings, if the average daily temperature is in the range of plus 5 - 30 degrees Celsius.When installing ceramic tiles need to take into account the level of humidity and windy, as these figures affect the rate of drying of the adhesive for the tiles.
It is not desirable to lay ceramic tiles in the rain.We recommend using tents and backgrounds when working with the material in wet, cold or too hot weather.But thermopanel even if the clinker material is present on the surface, can be placed at any time of the year when you are more comfortable.
The immediate laying ceramic tiles begin to design doors and windows.To begin with carefully calculated border tile location and apply the corresponding pencil marks.Clay tile is the basis for the design of your front, and any error during installation of the material will be evident inevitable.
After the doors and windows lined with tiles need to be concerned about the corners of the building.Styling corners to become the most convenient process for builders, commercially available ready-corner tiles that successfully highlight the walls and look natural.Most often, for walls they are divided into squares whose side is equal to one meter.If the tile does not lie in the square, you can always trim saw.At the final stage of the outside window sill remember.
ceramic tiles dark color should not be used on the facades of more than 6 meters from the ground.Exceptions are those cases where the dark tiles is planned to issue decorative elements, but their width should not exceed 50 centimeters.Facade area that is covered with dark clinker at a height of 5 - 28 meters shall not be more than 20% of the area of the facade.Such restrictions facade cladding ceramic tiles dark color associated with the prevention of overheating of the building.
seams can be filled with a composition consisting of 1 part of 2 parts sand and Portland cement, the density of which is adjusted by adding the required amount of water to obtain the required fluidity.Currently commercially available corresponding grouts, which differ in different colors and different properties depending on their use.
Distribute the solution using a rubber or plastic spatula.When grouting Take extreme care to observe that excess mixture did not get on the surface of ceramic tiles.If this happens, try to remove the mass, until it is completely dry.
When seams are dry, wash the surface with plenty of water and check that it has not gone anywhere.The best effect for flushing dirt and cement slurry is achieved using a water jet from a hose or high pressure pomyvochnaya machines.If after a few days clinker has traces of cement, is used for this purpose special substances.After cleaning the surface must be thoroughly washed again.
Recently, in spite of its price clinker tiles has gained immense popularity.Installation of clinker - a fairly simple process, but should adhere to certain niceties of procedure.To become a real clinker material protection structure and gave at the same time the structure of a unique appearance, it is necessary to take particular care to its installation.