Laying tiles with their hands - not easy, but quite feasible.If the cost of these works you can not afford to pay, and a beautiful bathroom and kitchen do not leave your dreams, then with the right approach you can do this yourself.
- calculates the required amount of material
- Puts tile floor
- Puts tile wall
- Application Method Surface preparation
- Technology laying
- the cutting tiles
If you consider our advice, potreniruetes, be sure nabete hand and you will never be interested in the cost of laying tile.You will be able to transform your space with this practical, durable, beautiful material.
calculates the required amount of material
So, in this phase will be needed: the level (plumb line), tape measure, pen and paper.The calculations should be done very carefully.
proposed location tile, whether a wall or the floor, measured horizontally and vertically.According to the results obtained and the estimated size
Next, sketch the layout of tiles and choose the type of cladding.Possible options for laying tiles are: diagonal styling, "joint to joint," and laying in Extension.At this point, you must also determine the availability and the necessary number of decorative elements: friezes, curbs, plates with drawings.
order to avoid mistakes in the amount of purchased tiles, on paper, you can create a mini-circuit on an appropriate scale, which will indicate clearly the location of both the tile and decor.Then only you can begin to buy, and for laying the tile, the price of which is often quite high.Therefore, it should trigger an important rule: "Measure twice, and one - cut off!"
Puts tile floor
tile fits just perfectly flat floor surface.Therefore, if the differences are impressive, it is necessary to think about the floor screed.Under the tiles fit all kinds of ties.On top of gypsum sheets for dry screed tile adhesive paste "Flizenkleber."Only the implementation of all the preparatory work to begin immediately installation.
The rules laying tile on the floor is first determined figure.For this we spread two cross rows along the longitudinal and transverse axis.A special plastic crosses are inserted between the tiles will help to control the thickness of the seam.
There are different ways of laying tile.
with herringbone attach
Depending on your choice, laid the first row of tiles.When using direct (traditional) method in larger rooms starts laying in the middle, and small - from the second row.
When using the diagonal laying at the beginning of the frieze is counting, then the whole perimeter of the stacked tiles after - incised tiles, and then laying a frieze made.Having laid the first test series, be sure to check it using a level plane.
Special attention should be paid to the corners.Since the tiles can be concave is not the same, maybe protrusion corners, so to avoid unevenness in the floor tiles need to precipitate the slightly lower level.Be sure to take care that the seams in perpendicular directions coincide.
with levels and corner put majachnye tiles.If the floor is uneven, they are set at the highest point.Next to the place where it will lay tile, mortar or adhesive is applied, tiles placed on top and gently rap rubber mallet.You can then fill the remaining space rows periodically tracking the level of tile.
Tile perfectly fastened to the floor using:
- mortar diluted plasticizers;
Puts tile wall
Experts recommend starting the process from the wall, located opposite the entrance.
Laying tiles on the wall can be done in three ways: the traditional "joint to joint," staggered ("vperevyazku") or diagonally.
In the first case, you need to constantly monitor the coincidence of the vertical and horizontal joints, as well as to measure the size of the tiles.
When using lining "in the dressing" middle of the top row of tiles is above the junction of the lower row of tiles.Laying by this process is considerably simplified, sinceno need to constantly monitor the coincidence size tiles.
laid diagonally often can be seen in large rooms.The method is considered to be rather time-consuming and complicated, so if you decide to use the services of experts, prices for laying tiles you can not please.The main points that need to pay attention, act perpendicular joints and proper contiguity tiles to the walls.
to start checking the possible deviation of the surface from the axis horizontally and vertically to the floor to the walls.Maximum permissible deviation of percentage - 0.2%, ieit should not exceed 2 mm per meter length.
Use a plumb or level, check the vertical deflection wall.When properly installed, the error will be smaller plummet.It is best to hang a plumb line on the nails hammered especially in the corners of the room.A long line of deviation is checked along the entire height and width.
flat plane surface - the key to success.Possible gaps are immediately visible, even if you put a bar or level.If you have large recesses of their need to carefully putty.Small gaps of up to 2 mm can be left unchanged.
Now tapping the surface, make it the strength test.Have buhtyaschego sound indicates shaky adherence layer.In this case, the surface is cleaned before brickwork or concrete.While tapping is also possible shedding of sand: this layer is removed or enhanced using specially designed tools.
Technology laying tiles on a wooden surface is to use tar paper and metal mesh.On the wall stuffed rails, roofing material, attached mesh.On top of it plastered 15-mm layer of mortar, which after drying and laid tile.
Figure 1 - full of bars, 2 - a wooden base, 3 - roofing felt or roofing material, 4 - Net 5 - cement plaster, 6 - tiles
greasy stains, dirt, soap solution, paint- none of this should be on the prepared surface, otherwise the tile will stick firmly enough.Painted walls delivering especially a lot of hassle.Removing paint - enough time-consuming process, but with the help of punch with a shovel or a cutting machine with kardschetkoy it can greatly simplify and speed.Tile is best to stay if the surface primed.
Technology laying tile on the wall suggests a preliminary laying of Lighthouse tiles.To install beacons smoothly, pull the thread, which is behind the surface of 5 mm.On her and guided the installation of lighthouses and leveling the plane.This necessarily monitored parameters vertically and horizontally.To install best used alabaster, sincehe immediately freezes and after laying a number quickly and easily cleaned off with a lighthouse tile that is already installed on a permanent basis.
stones wall start from the center of the wall towards the corner.Center the wall should be marked, a pencil vertical to the floor.From this point and begin installation.If a checkerboard pattern in the front row center line will pass through the junction of two tiles in the second row it will have on the entire tile.
now mark up the rows horizontally and gently laid with tiles, starting from the bottom.If you are sure that the floors are smooth, the tile can be installed directly on them.
If during the installation you notice that strayed from the straight lines already laid tiles can be a little lift.This is done using wedges that inciting Tile.
Tiles can also be installed on the screwed rail, which are placed in the corners of the rack-pitches with an attached cord.All this is done in order to precisely lay tiles horizontally as well as vertically.After the tile is laid, all devices removed and the solution is filled voids.
packing produce directly as follows: on the back of the tile using a trowel with a solution (cement, glue), distributes its comb, tightly pressed against the surface rap.To do this, use a rubber mallet.The level of the tiles must match the level of the previously tight rope.All the space Mezhuyev tiles and the wall must be filled with a solution, otherwise the adhesion will decrease with time and the tile may fall.Applied layer of the solution should be between 7 and 15 mm.Remains of the solution, which appeared at the seams, clean trowel.
between tiles insert special daggers that allows you to control the thickness of the seam.After the installation process is finished, gently cleanse the seams from the remnants of mortar and dust, take out crosses.
the cutting tiles
In some cases, if required by the dimensions of the room, you need to cut the tiles.For outdoor use kafelerez, wall - Roller glass cutter or carbide cutter.
Before you cut, mark out the tile.Then along a metal ruler applied forcefully spend cutter, and then break the tiles, placing it under a piece of wood, or special forceps.
last stage - grouting.Their width tile, the size of which 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 60 cm, with average of 3 mm.The surface will look more aesthetically pleasing, if a colored grout joints apply.Even plain white grout wall give tiles laid a neat and finished appearance.
Grout is applied to a special scraper, trowel or by using a package with a nozzle resembling sweet.After applying the grout evenly distributed to fill all the seams.Then dry the excess float removed, treated joints with a sponge soaked in water.
If glazed tiles, the grouting can be carried out immediately after drying the solution.If the matt tiles, before grouting moistened from sprays.
to use cement grout or epoxy resin mixture.Unglazed tiles is further treated with sealant.This will prevent stains on the tile itself, and in the joints.
Workshop laying tile (video) it is easy to find on the Internet.Are you interested in now is much laying tiles?Sure, you can do it yourself!