tile flooring is considered one of the most resistant to normal wear and tear or damage of any kind, but it so happens that they need attention.In addition, not always during repair tiling held again, and chipped, jammed and worn areas on the background of the new interior will be allocated sloppy spots.Meanwhile, knowing some professional secrets and tricks builders can easily, quickly and at least qualitatively, to repair the tiles with their hands, without spending huge amounts of money nor a complete replacement cover or the expensive services of skilled crews.
- Why tile fails, or how to avoid it
- repair tile or ceramic tile
- kinds of repairs
- If the tile chips and cracks
- If an entire tile has disappeared ...
- If you need to replace the tiles onnew ...
- If tile joints do not look very ...
- If the tile has lost its former luster ...
Why tile fails, or how to avoid it repair?
Most often, tiles falling off and d
- bad preparation of the surface of the wall or floor;
- improper breeding grout for bonding;
- rough handling with tiles and cause microcracks that the further operation for any slight bump turned into chips and cracks.
Also, if during the operation violated a tight seal with the base tiles, the moisture that falls under it quickly destroys the adhesive layer.It is therefore very important to monitor the condition of tile joints and timely manner to carry out the necessary repairs ceramic tile.
Speaking of paving tiles, then the factors adversely affecting the durability of the coating, and adds aggressive influence of atmospheric phenomena, as well as an increased risk of injury by falling on the surface of heavy items.
Compliance technology for laying, careful handling of material and enable correct operation for many years to forget about the need to repair the tiling.
tile or ceramic tile
kinds of repairs
most common repair tiles - setting in place a tile fallen away.Often there is a need to replace old damaged coating.For example, when a renovation of the kitchen tiles after moving furniture or decoration items to another place is a hole on the fasteners.Not very aesthetically pleasing look old and jammed joints, absorb the dust, grease and other dirt and lost their original color.
If tiles chipped and cracked ...
If stock tiles left, and the store was unable to find a suitable material for replacement, the crack can be repaired "with cement milk."
«Laitance" - a solution of cement with water, without the addition of sand, the consistency resembles a real milk.
To do this, slowly pouring the solution onto the surface of the tiles, rub it with a piece of coarse cloth into a crevasse.For better penetration of it should be done in two directions: up and down the crack.Deeper chips and depression can be completely pour this solution and to make amends after drying.
To achieve greater strength of the solution, filling the cracks, it is necessary to slightly humidify for a further two to three days.
If an entire tile has disappeared ...
... do not panic and venturing global repair with the change of the entire coating.Such tiles can easily be put back into place.If the tiles are not moved to the end and a little hold, it must be very carefully, using a chisel or a chisel to remove from its nest.
then carefully prepare the ground for laying, or soon will be faced with the same problem.To do this, remove all the adhesive residue, or if the repair is carried out on the tile floor, beat all the old mortar to the ground.Then the surface must be cleaned from the smallest particles of dust and other contaminants and moisten it with water.
Attach the tiles again in several ways:
- silicone sealant, and it is better to use white than transparent, have less strength.
- on liquid glass.In this method, the water glass solution must be mixed with ordinary tooth powder.
- on zinc oxide.In this case, must be treated with varnish base the day before fixing tiles.
- on cement.
- on tile adhesive.
In the last two cases in the preparation of the base surface must be more to delve into it to 3-4 mm.Such a margin is needed in order to laid tiles do not stick because of the adhesive layer.
For better adhesion of any adhesive is applied on the tiles, you need to level with a notched trowel.
If you need to replace the tiles on the new ...
To start the damaged tiles to be removed.It is easier to do this if you first get rid of the tile joints, for example with a spatula.
Next thin drill to drill holes in a circle in the center of a tile at a short distance from each other and strike a light knock that part.Now, inserting chisel into the resulting tear, gently shear the damaged tile, while being careful not to damage the nearby course, if they can not be deleted.
next step should be cautious way to clean the entire tile grout composition of the residues, and the base - the old glue.After that, you must verify the integrity of the surface before applying the tile must be repaired even shallow potholes.Do not neglect and primed, it will help maximize the flatness of the substrate.
After the tile is glued in place, be sure to check that the level of the rest of its surface.If it appears, a simple tapping on it will put it in position, and if, on the contrary, buried among the other tiles, it is necessary to remove and add some glue.
joints between the tiles should be laid only patch not before completely dry adhesive.
If tile joints do not look very ...
If the joints between the tiles have lost attractive or covered with mold, too, do not panic.In DIY stores have a lot of solutions to deal with these problems.
If grout is partially (or even fully) crumbled, have some work to do.After all, it will need to replace in the whole house, or an updated site will stand out among the rest.Of course, you can try to pick up the product with the most suitable color, but it is rarely possible.
So, first you need to clean the entire tiled surface of the lime deposits and other deposits.Now it is not difficult, the corresponding range of funds is huge.After that, completely remove the old tile joints with a thin and pointed object (better if it is made of wood, it will avoid accidental damage to the tiles) and overwrites them again.
If tile lost its former luster ...
general ceramic tile fairly easily restores its original appearance with the help of special surface treatments, detergents and other products, but if you really want to change radically, and new styling has not yet included in your plans, you can try to changedesign surface.
One way - color of the tile.Of course, at first it must be carefully cleaned and sanded.After degreasing section of tile, designed for drawing, and remove plaque remaining after washing with acetone.If the pattern is as simple as geometric patterns, it is possible to designate the border with a thin adhesive tape or electrical tape.If you want something different, will have to suffer with the preparation of stencils.All left under the drawing surface should be primed, and its color can begin only after the complete drying of the primer.
That's all you can enjoy the new interior!
This form of tiles need to say a few words separately.Yes, it requires the same types of repairs, but their technologies are some nuances.
- First, by replacing sagging pavement tiles need to re-fill base with sand, it carefully leveled and compacted.
- Secondly, if prosazhivanie or deformity were caused by sewage, you must first take care of the right of withdrawal from the surface of the coating, and only then start repairing paving slabs.
And finally, a short video, talks about some of the secrets of building tile and grout:
Do not forget that even the most durable materials can be damaged by misuse.Guarantee longevity tiling - proper care and timely repairs.