Since repairs in the house, in the country or in the office, you should consider every detail and all the technical details of the various stages of repair.Thus we not infrequently encounter with different kinds of colors, which you need to paint the embossed wallpaper and ceiling, balcony doors and windows.More and more customers have recently chosen latex paint for the ceiling and walls.This substance is completely harmless, so the latex paint can be safely used in residential premises.
- history latex paints
- What is latex
- Advantages latex paints
- kinds of latex paints
- paints for exterior and interior paint
- Polyvinyl acetate
- butadiene paint
- Akrilosilikonovaya Acrylic paint
- paint Latex paint "Eco Joker»
- Usage environment
- How to choose latex paint
- Preparing to spray paint
- Application latex paint
history latex paints
Latex received countless accolades fromconstruction companies, designers and private de
waterborne latex paints first appeared in ancient Egypt - before plastering.One of these ancient materials has reached our days, but only in the form of the name, because the method of preparation has changed a bit since then.These paints are mainly used in icon painting and painting.
In the late 19th century, such paints have come to the building.They were the first dispersion of oil paint and soap solution, sometimes with lime.In the middle of the 20th century were made of latex material of a new generation, who took the leading position in the decoration.
LaTeX latex sap called rubber plants.Synthetic latex is a dispersion of particles of synthetic rubber.Thus, the term "latex" means not specific chemical compound and the particular state of matter and form a liquid dispersion polymers.
operating principle of latex paint for the walls is quite simple.While the substance is in a state of the liquid dispersion of binder particles do not dissolve water, but, despite this, they do not stick together.After application to the surface of latex paint, water begins to evaporate slowly and the particles closer together.The particles as completely dry fully converge to form a film that adheres firmly to the surface.
Advantages latex paints
Latex paint after the application form a durable and resistant to washing matte and glossy coating.As a rule, the material used for decoration of buildings, where high demands for reliability, durability and cleanability of coatings.In terms of availability of non-volatile substances in the latex paint, it is 40 - 50%.
Latex paint capable of forming a coating of gloss can reach 20-60%.As dispersions which are used for the production of high-quality materials, today mainly use dispersion styrene copolymers.
Latex paints are characterized by low content of various pigments and fillers.Because of this, they have a high dispersion pigmentoёmkost and are tack-free.Coatings that are formed after applying a paint to have good resistance to blocking and gryazeuderzhaniyu.
Painted surfaces latex paint dries quickly, allowing the next layer is applied after a few hours.After work can forget about the dust and noxious insects now nothing will adhere to the surface.The upper layers of paint to successfully pass the air through itself, so there will be bubbles.Fresh drops and stains are easily removed with a damp cloth.
kinds of latex paints
Nowadays popular are these types of latex paints: Acrylic polyvinyl acetate, akrilosilikonovye, acrylic butadiene and acrylic.
paints for exterior and interior
Latex paints are for exterior and interior.The material for the facade work added a special compound that prevents the formation of mold.Paints for internal use are subdivided into dense, textured, vinyl, acrylic and beskapelnye.
vinyl material is ideal for painting the walls and ceiling, thick paint - ceiling.If you have a well-developed imagination and a creative imagination, with the help of the texture of latex paint, you can easily create a raised pattern.Acrylic paint is suitable for processing wood, beskapelnaya is an excellent solution for irregularities and cracks, as well as save you from drips and drops.
Polyvinyl acetate paint
polyvinyl acetate paint is popularly called vodoemulsionkoy or waterborne paint that is made on the basis of PVA.This material does not contain solvents, nearly odorless, has good adhesion, but at the same time easily washed off from hands and tools until dry.Another plus - a relatively low cost of this type of latex paint.
But practice shows that after the application of water-based paint on the surface and after drying it is also able to be washed off.Therefore, these inks are not recommended for facade work.In a range of gloss levels 0-10 chalky substance has the effect of: leaning against a wall, your back is white.
water-based paints are mainly intended for painting hard to reach places to mechanical impact in dry areas, such as ceilings.Provided that this room will ever be used.To lodges such material is not necessary, because it is not cold-resistant, and if the structure is not heated in the winter, it is best to stop using it.
In common parlance are known as butadiene paints all the same water-based latex paints.In contrast to the above substances, styrene-butadiene paint - quite durable and water-resistant.Flushability threshold is much higher, but there are some deficiencies - this paint has low light resistance.Under the influence of ultraviolet butadiene paint loses its color very quickly.
By the way, there is nothing wrong - for interior decoration, she is well suited.Sun, of course, has a high capacity, but not enough to penetrate into every corner of the house, filling it completely with its light.So for storage rooms, corridors and hallways is quite normal solution.Price range is approximately the same as that of latex-based paints PVA.
Akrilosilikatnye except paint wear, moisture and light fastness have a high vapor permeability, so they are mainly used for facade work.However, often used as an alternative to silicone and silicate paints.Akrilosilikonovye substance duplicate the properties of silicone paints, however, is not in full.But they are cheaper than the last, so the cost-quality ratio is quite acceptable.
Until recently, acrylic paints are less popular than all of the above latex paint, because of the high prices, but today there was a reverse situation, because all the important parameters, including performance, significantly higher than that of mixed colors.Therefore, use of acrylic latex paints becomes more advantageous.
Result - "on the face."One needs only to compare, which is better: to buy a good five liters of acrylic paint, which is to cover the surface of the layer 2, or take a cheaper material, which will have to apply again 5 - 7, eventually spending fifteen liters?Not to mention that the useful life of acrylic paint is much higher: to repaint every two years, is not necessary.Acrylic paints can be used for exterior and interior.
Latex paint "Eco Joker»
Washable matt paint "Eco Joker» is made of acrylate binder.Its composition does not contain organic solvents.It has a silky effect.The substance is assigned "Ecolabel" European Union and it is the result of working with the Association of asthmatic and allergic diseases.
Latex paint "Eco Joker" is intended for painting plaster, stopper, concrete, cardboard, brick, plaster and wood surfaces, as well as wallpaper and fiber boards indoors.Apply paint can on new and painted surfaces for painting ceilings and walls in living rooms, children's rooms and bedrooms, as well as in the kitchen.
apply paint "Eco Joker" brush, roller or by spraying.Allowed to dilute the material with water to 10% of the total.The drying time of the paint at a temperature of 23 Celsius and humidity of 50% is close to an hour.The next layer of "Eco Joker" can be applied after two hours.Paint withstand weak solvents and cleaning chemicals.
Latex based paints can be called universal.They are able to go perfectly for new or previously painted surfaces.They can cover the ceilings, walls and other surfaces.Latex paint can be applied to concrete, plaster, wallpaper, brick, plaster, aerated concrete, gypsum boards, and DPS.
latex paint can be painted structural wallpaper to quickly and easily restore the surface.Latex paint in most cases, are available in white color and then painted "by request" to the desired color.Most widely matte latex paint.New on the market are made of latex material with a soft silky sheen.
How to choose latex paint
Select material to work - it's not only determine the color that you want for your walls.In latex paints are the parameters that are worthy of close attention when buying.The most important quality for which the latex and released into a separate species - the degree of gloss.
Each type of latex paint has 6 degrees of gloss:
- 90-100 or SG - quite glossy;
- 60-89 T- or gloss;
- 30-59 or NG - semi-gloss;
- 11-29 or PM - semi;
- 6-10 or M - matt;
- 0-5 or CM - quite dull.
high level of gloss is rarely chosen because almost mirrored walls that reflect any bright light will gradually tire of any person that is in the room.The most commonly considered to paint with a matte effect.
following parameters are the durability and moisture resistance.To assess these criteria, you need to find on the packaging of the designation number of abrasion cycles.For water-resistant paints are given wet abrasion cycles for nevlagostoykogo substance - a dry abrasion.To paint on the walls, this figure should be at least 3000 cycles.This option is sometimes expressed in classes: first class - the most resistant.
next thing we recommend to watch - Coverage and thixotropic.The latter concept is responsible for the formation of stains on the walls, that is, it shows how quickly after applying the paint thickens.If it is slow, then there are divorces.The second parameter defines the amount of paint to a normal cover - get a film without bare spots.
Preparing to spray paint
Before applying latex paint to properly prepare the surface to be cleaned of dirt and grease.Before primer further strengthen the painted surface with a special reinforcing acrylic impregnation, which can penetrate deep into the surface and strengthen its outer layer to prevent further possible fraying and cracking.
If Latex paint will be applied to the quality or well-plastered walls pasted wallpaper, as well as brick or concrete wall, you can not use a primer.
latex paint latex paint before using it adopted the usual cold water to breed, and the need to adhere to these proportions: the first layer is taken 1 liter of water for 6 - 9 square meters of painted surface.For breeding material for the second and the next layer is necessary to have less water - it should carefully review the instructions for the use of paint.
composition of the first layer, a sparse water needs for better penetration deep into the latex paint painted surface.When working with latex should be remembered that such a substance at a temperature of 20 degrees Celsius dry for 5 - 6 hours, and the load carrying properties of the paint gets through a day two or three after the final drying.
Apply a second coat of paint, without waiting for the drying of the first layer, it is not recommended.The average shelf life of a latex paint is usually close to 12 months, the material should be stored in the heat.
In applying latex paint on the surface there is nothing unusual and complex.Apply the paint sprayer, roller or brush at a temperature above plus 5 degrees.Apply the paint with a brush will be easier if in the paint composition to add a little vegetable oil, such as linseed.Latex paint is often used for painting facades of buildings.
Thus, latex paint - it is a new development, which has taken recently a niche in the range of finishing materials for external and internal works.Latex-based paint has some specific features that other colorful materials can not be found.Only with latex-based coating you get silky, preserving at the same time to the smallest detail surface texture.