lighting in the apartment is made up of many different elements, each of which performs its function.Any one of them deserves careful consideration, but this article would like to elaborate on the light switch, namely, how to install the light switch, and that this requires.Indeed, without it is impossible to control the light switch in the room.
- Types of light switches
- Connection light switch
- How to connect the switch wirings
- How to connect the switch flush
Types of light switches
Today, for the control and regulation of lighting is usedseveral types of light switches: timers, dimmers, remote switches and keyboards.They all differ in design, features, and varying degrees of security.But the device light switch in its essence and principle of operation is the same for all types.
Photo: circuit breaker light
These light switches are designed for smooth control of light intensity by changing the power.The regul
Timers Timers are among the most complex in its design, is rarely used as a conventional light switches.Most often they can be seen in the systems of "smart home".These electronic devices can be programmed on and off the light, creating a sense of presence, or adjusting the times of lighting in the rooms.
Modern technologies allow to create switches, which control is done by remote control.Designed for convenience, these switches operate with virtually all consoles, whether it's the TV remote or the music center.This feature allows them to significantly make life easier for people with disabilities.
switches are the most common keyboard.They can have from one to four keys mounted with hidden or open wiring.Simple design and connection - their main advantages.
Connection light switch
All work for connecting the light switch is not particularly difficult, it is sufficient to adhere to safety precautions when working with power tools and be able to use the tool.But before you connect a light switch, you need to carry out preparatory work and to get himself off switch.
choosing a new switch, you first need to know a number of important technical issues.First, depending on whether the wiring in the room - or latent external, will depend on the type of switch, which can also be hidden or outside (overhead).Secondly, it is necessary to know the strength of the current and the voltage in the network at home to pick up the correct breaker.Information on these characteristics of the switch is indicated on its reverse side.Knowing about the technical characteristics is very important, as incorrectly selected switch can be very warm and eventually fall out, which is fraught with a short circuit and fire.Third, depending on the type of light sources and lighting should be selected and a certain kind of switches.
important point in determining the sequence and method of connection is the light switch wiring diagram.It is created at the stage of a design project, and is already on its basis can choose the type and the type of circuit breaker.Most often, the light switch wiring diagram is as follows:
After purchasing the desired switch to begin preparatory work for its installation.Before making a light switch, it is necessary to note on the wall of the place for him.To do this, once again we appeal to the project wiring, which lists all the installation site and mark them with a pencil or marker on the walls.Usually, switches placed at a height of 1 - 1.5 m from the floor, next to the doorway so that open door did not block access to them.Then proceed to the installation.
Important!Installation of switches and sockets is carried out after laying wiring.Therefore, if you plan to complete replacement of electrical, you must first lay the wire and only then install switches or sockets.If you are only replacing switches or sockets, then you can install the new in its place.
How to connect the switch wirings
This type of circuit is composed of an insulating lining (Escutcheon) mechanism on / off and cover with a button or key.Setting this switch is as follows:
- dismantle the switch to get to and flush mechanism.To do this, carefully remove the top cover using a screwdriver;
- remove the switch mechanism to get the very Escutcheon plate;
- podrozetnik are putting in place of the previously scheduled on the wall and mark the place where the fixing holes are.Usually on the Enclosures are two and are located from each other on a diagonal;
- zasverlivaem using a drill hole and trying to drive into the dowels;
- put in place and fasten it podrozetnik to the wall;
- left to put in place a mechanism and fix it.
Important!All work on the connection of the switch is necessary to start with a power outage at the distribution board.
- securing the switch and de-energized network, proceed to connect the wires.To do this, we clean the wire ends to 2 - 2.5 cm from the edge and insert them into the terminal, and then tighten screws fixing the wires inside the terminal.
Important!To know how to properly connect the light switch, you should remember the following.Wires are connected in a certain order, and the wires will help in this: white or brown - this phase, black or blue - is zero, yellow, green or yellow-green - it is grounded.In addition to the switch will show the marking for the connection.
- secure the wires in the terminals, install the cover and fasten it.With the tester check the quality of the connection, and if everything is OK, turn the electricity on the label.
As previously mentioned, the external switches can be either a single key or two.In fact, how to connect the series switch of light, no big deal.The difference between dvuhklavishnym and One Key is the number zero wires.The series switch two of them, and each connected to a separate key, while the phase - the total for the entire switch.
How to connect the switch flush
Unlike external hidden switches have a slightly different design.The difference lies in Enclosures and decorative cover.Enclosures has the shape of a bowl into which the entire mechanism of the switch.A decorative cover is made in the form of a frame or a small panel.It is also different, and the method of installation.
Important!Hidden switch and flush sold separately.In addition, there are various Enclosures for plasterboard and brick and concrete walls.When you purchase should remember this.
Connecting this type of switches require more effort and time.The reason is the need shtrobleniya walls and cutting a pretty big niche for the Escutcheon.Of course, these actions will have to perform only in the absence of ready-cutting grooves and niches.But to make them from scratch, the following actions:
- for the switch in the intended position on the wall cut a large round gap.This can be done using a special nozzle to drill or punch - crowns.Sami heads come in different diameters, but for our purposes fit the crown, which is slightly more than podrozetnik switch;
Important!Before connecting a double light switch hidden wiring, you must pre-cut crown two holes in the wall and connect them to each other.The result will be a solid niche in which you can place special double podrozetnik.
- wires to the switch are installed on the cutting grooves that make their way into the wall in advance with the help of punch;
- is now set in place and the plant Escutcheon Escutcheon inside wiring through a special hole.In a concrete or brick wall to fix podrozetnik inside by using the plaster.The drywall podrozetnik fixed with two screws, screw them all the way, fixed special brackets, which hold it in place;
Important!If replacement of the switch is carried out in the area where the wiring is completely divorced and is connected to a network, you first need to disconnect all.Only then can you start installation work.
- securing podrozetnik and heads it wires, can be installed in place of the switch itself.For this will have to partially disassemble, namely to remove a decorative cover and key.This can be done with a screwdriver, gently podkovyrnuv one of the keys.After removing it, you can remove everything else.As a result, must remain only the mechanism with a metal mounting plate;
- are now connected to the switch wires.This is done in the same way as in the case of an external switch.But there is one difference.In the case of external wires trimmed directly below the switch.For recessed switch is necessary to leave a small margin of about 10 cm, and only then to strip the ends;
- connecting the wires, neatly stack them inside the Escutcheon and set in place the mechanism of the switch.Then fix it in;
Important!On the market are sold with two different switches bindings.In the first case the fixation is performed by means of two struts, which are bred in side by tightening the locking screws.In the second - by means of two screws which are screwed directly into the plastic Escutcheon.
- fixing mechanism of the switch, and check the quality of the connection is correct tester, and if all goes well, put on a decorative frame and set in place the key.Then the voltage is applied.
Setting switches - one of the most simple electrical work.Its execution requires no special skills, but also to prevent the negligence is not worth it.If you've never done anything like this, it is better to be safe and consult a specialist.