Through the use of halogen lamps in fixtures helped dramatically change the way people think about electric light in their homes.Halogen lamps for its amazing light decorate any space, embodying the wildest dreams of the owners of the home and imagination of designers.
It should be noted that halogen lamps can not be connected to the normal electrical network 220 without the use of step-down transformers.Depending on the lamp used, the power supply can convert a standard household voltage of 6, 12 or 24 V. As for the supply of lamps used safely for human power, these lamps can be safely installed in areas with high humidity, such as in showerand bathrooms.But in order to properly connect halogen chandelier, requires some knowledge of electrical engineering.
- device halogen lamps
- Connection halogen lamps
- Tips for installation and connection of the halogen lamps
- Repair halogen chandelier
device halogen lamps
Chandelier with halogen l
Figure 1. The step-down transformer 220 / 12V
Figure 2. Halogen
To connect the chandelier we will need:
- Chandelier with halogen lamps;
- down transformer with appropriate output voltage;
- a tool for connecting wires.
Warning!All work must be carried out with a power failure - in order to avoid electrical shock.
connects to the network via a transformer halogen chandelier according to the scheme:
Figure 3. Wiring chandeliers with a halogen lamp
This scheme halogen lamps is designed for connection of one lamp, and what to do if there are several?Then should follow the outline given below.
Figure 4. Wiring chandelier with 6 halogen lamps
to deal with all the wires and connect without errors, you need a closer look at each step of connecting all the elements of the chandelier.Fig.2 is a wiring diagram six halogen lights to the two step-down transformer, powered by the residential electrical voltage of 220 V. According to the rules of safe operation of electrical phase conductor must be broken off switch (in the figure it brown).Neutral conductor (blue) is connected directly to the terminal connections step-down transformers.For the convenience of the terminal screws labeled letter L - phase and N - zero.
In fact, no matter how many lamps will be connected to the network, it is important to each group of lamps connected to a separate transformer and their correspondingly correctly connected in the junction box.
Do not switch the wires somewhere above the ceiling, trying to save a little on the length of the conductors.It may happen one day that the halogen fixture is not included, for example, due to poor contact in the terminal connections.And because of this it is necessary to disassemble the ceiling to clean up the wires and re-connect them.Therefore, always switch should be all in distribution boxes that are specifically designed for this purpose.
Connection halogen lamps
With connecting step-down transformers, we figured out, now it's lamps.They are always connected in parallel to each other, should not be confused with Christmas garland, where light bulbs are connected in series to each other.Since transformers are made of a certain power, it should be read carefully in their buildings, as lamps can be simultaneously connected to them.Otherwise, if the light sources would be more than capable of withstanding the transformer, the lamp will burn at half intensity.In addition, the transformer will operate with congestion and eventually fails.
Figure 5. Wiring halogen lamps to the step-down transformer
Tips for installation and connection of the halogen lamps
Whatever happens so that the halogen chandelier broke because of poor connection, observe basic rules:
- wires from the transformer to the lamps must not be longer than 2 m. Since the operating voltage halogen lamps rather low in the conductors may be losses that will also lead to a decrease in the brightness of light sources;
- transformers is not recommended to close in the small volume of the cavity in which limited natural ventilation and air circulation.It is also forbidden to install them near heat sources and on the basis of fuel.In case of failure to comply with these conditions the load on the transformer should be reduced by 25% from the nominal value of its power;
- management prohibited the use of halogen lamps Dimmer (rheostat to manually change the brightness of the luminous flux) may not work with all the equipment it fails.
Repair halogen chandelier
frequent reasons that can not work with halogen lamps - is a bad contact on the joints.To repair the chandelier, often enough to clean the wires connected to the transformer and check connections in terminal boxes.
If there is visible damage, cleaned and crimped contacts and lamps burning still do not want to, then you need to arm tester, with which you can measure the output voltage.If the output terminals of the transformer tester shows zero, then you need to go to the store to buy electrical goods and is exactly the same, do not forget to remember or rewritten markings on its body.
If you have to repair the halogen lamps with a remote control, then it must begin with a banal check batteries.Then check the integrity of the lamps and transformer efficiency and serviceability in the case of all the elements of the halogen lamps, the electronic control unit is lamps.To repair it, we need a deeper knowledge in electronics, so if he is the cause of failure chandeliers, it should be replaced entirely.Detach the wires, they should mark not to be mistaken with the connection of a new unit.
When all operations on the replacement of defective parts will be produced, the chandelier should shine all their lights, pleasing their owners.