whether you are able to take care of your own home?Of course, the concept of care also includes creating a cozy atmosphere, cleanliness and guidance, and the maintenance of amenities in working condition.And finally - one of the main components of comfort.If the house leaky faucet or outlet sparked and live in it as something not very convenient, and in some cases even dangerous.Let us now consider the simplest - connecting sockets without changing the wiring.The case is on the shoulder to anyone who knows how to handle a screwdriver.
- types of sockets used in a residential area
- Systematics outlets for their design
- grouping of outlets for their intended purpose
- Style and design outlets
- mounting sockets with your hands
- scheme replace the outlet
- Somenuances wiring
- How to connect the double outlet
types of sockets used in a residential area
What socket, even children know.Socket - a device for connection to the public powe
So what are the types of outlets there?Classification of electrical outlets can be intended, and in construction.
Systematics outlets for their design
Consider first the constructive division of the types of outlets:
- overhead outlet for surface mounting - mounted directly to the wall using a panel substrate of wood or plastic, where the wires are laid directlyon the surface of the wall (today used mostly in small wooden houses)
- embedded or hidden sockets for internal wiring - installed inside the wall in the hole with podrozetnik, wires are also laid inside the wall and fed directly to podrozetnik
- socket with screw connectionterminals - in this case a wire from the power supply is inserted between the two plates and secured with a special screw, this method is currently considered the most reliable
- socket with a keyboard clip - fixation occurs via the contact spring terminal keypad, pressing the plates apart, freeing spacecontact when releasing the cover plate tightly enough contact
are going to replace the socket, you can be sure that today the most common built-in socket with screw connection.But on the number of slots for plug sockets can be divided into single and double.And double socket can be installed in one podrozetnik (stationary double socket), and in different - two or more Escutcheon with single outlets in close proximity to each other and connected by a bridge to the parallel connection of conductors (such outlet called assembled).
grouping of outlets for their intended purpose
Now consider the separation of the types of outlets for its intended purpose:
- outlet with earth - with the conclusion of the housing outlet grounding terminals connected to the ground conductor (designed to protect against perforation of the current exiting the housingappliance)
- closed socket - these sockets interface plug closed rising or solid panel shutters covered the holes themselves, while only postpones the introduction of the metal contacts on the plug (set for the protection of young children who may try to stick in the socket of any nail or justfinger)
- outlet with programmable on / off - in the design of a rosette includes a programmable timer that allows you to set a clear time frame of connected appliance
- plug socket with ejector - using the included in the design of the socket, you can simply push the plugappliance (such outlet helps a long time to keep the plug in a serviceable condition)
- outdoor socket - outlet with improved barrier properties, allows you to save outlet performance in all weather conditions (degree of protection IP55 - dust and powerful water jets), has an additional covercovering the slot for plug socket
- bathroom - with increased protection against moisture (marked by IP44)
Regarding this classification is to clarify that the recently (due to the emergence of a large number of imported electrical appliances) usedonly grounded electrical outlets - it's much safer.In older homes the earth cable is often lacking, but to spend it is not such a big problem, this may well be an electrician handle your site.However, laying the ground better deal with full (or partial) replacement of wiring during the overhaul, if you do not want the cable was stretched over the wall.Other types of sockets, except waterproof and are used solely at the request of the owners.But if you're going to hold the socket in the bathroom (shower and WC) is in addition to the purchase of the socket with a higher degree of protection against moisture, you must still know exactly where it is positioned outlet in terms of safe use.
way, the power outlet is set mostly in offices for a large network.At home, the installation conditions such outlet is not necessary, but it is best to you on all the issues associated with connecting to the Internet, experts will be able to respond, providing a connection.
Style and design outlets
Oh, and just a couple of words in appearance sockets.In our time, there was a wide choice of outlets for the various producers.The prices for them, that's obvious, is also different: the respectable "label", the greater the price.However, most of us who want to install their own outlet, prefers average prices - where payment is a question about the quality, not the "coolness" of the manufacturer.But in any case, when you install new sockets should ensure that and sockets, switches and harmony of style and design with all the amenities of our property.It is unlikely that someone will be nice to see in a cozy bedroom outlet style techno, with his laconic, but not romantic traits.Yes, and vice versa is also somehow not very much.So making the choice, do not just think about the functionality of sockets, but also an emotional component, which they will bring to your home.
mounting sockets with your hands
Well, with a choice of new outlets have already decided.It remains to establish them into place.In this article we consider the installation of a new built-in socket instead of the old, and transfer into a different place, a ground connection and a complete replacement of wiring - it is a separate topic for discussion.
scheme replace the outlet
general scheme of the new socket connection is as follows:
- turn off power to the panel (or turn off the machine turn the plug), and for those who love absolute reliability, wear rubber gloves
- check forcurrent outlet - an indicator or any electrical appliance, such as a hair dryer or a table lamp
- remove the old socket (unscrew the top cover of the socket, loosen the mounting legs, pull out the old part of the work, disconnect the wires)
- podrozetnik clean, if it is (in the absence ofEscutcheon can even set a new firmly against the plaster or plaster) and pull all the wires for the most convenient access to
- prepare the wires for connection (cut to the desired length - somewhere on the width of the palm, lift the overall braid, strip wire ends approximately1-1.5 cm, if necessary - to solder)
- connect the wires to the working part of the new outlet
- gently bend the wires inserted into the working part podrozetnik outlet, attach it with screws to podrozetnik or simply adjust the mounting tabs to the working part was sitting in theEscutcheon firmly and evenly
- set decorative frame
- screw top cover of the new outlet
- including electricity
Now go over the little things that may be important.
some nuances wiring
If you live in an old house, where even no ground wire, your task easier, since by and large absolutely unimportant, you connect to the terminals of the socket, or zero phase.Therefore, in this case there is a normal connection of the supply wires without separating them in phase.The main thing is not to attach both wires to one terminal, but a single power outlet to make it very difficult.
in enough new homes ground already done so to the two supply conductors added a ground wire.There is already a need to know exactly which cable performs what function to properly carry out their connection to the working part of the socket.In this case, the aid comes colors of the wires:
- phase - lead usually has white, red or brown insulation
- zero - Blue (blue) or black insulation
- earth - yellow-green, or yellow, or greencolor insulation
only difference when connecting sockets with grounding of the ordinary is the connecting cable "earth" to the central terminal with a mustache, facing the housing outlet.
connect wires to the screw clamp terminals in two ways: just stick a smooth contact between the bare plate clamp or wrap the end of the wire around the screw ring.The second case provides the most reliable contact should only turn the ring clockwise - in the direction of screwing of the screw.
smooth out the ends of the wires should also be right.The best way - to use a special tool to remove the insulation without damaging wire.However, not every house has such an instrument (well, unless you're a professional electrician, but then you do not need to seek advice on the installation of sockets), so we use what we have at hand.For this purpose, the master home use, basically, pliers or a knife.And if you need to clean up stranded wire insulation crop circle and remove, but with solid wire insulation plane down as if sharpen a pencil in order not to hurt the wire itself.Bare copper cable will also need to solder to extend the life.
How to connect the double outlet
Pro single outlet is all clear now is to describe the installation of a double socket.
Fixed double socket is mounted in the same way as single.One need only look carefully to feed the wires were connected to different conductive plates, or when the electricity you are guaranteed a very nice short-circuiting.
But the connection sockets collected a little more complicated.For it needs a piece of cable corresponding to that which is connected to the main podrozetnik.That is if Enclosures, which concluded the total wiring network, three wires (supply and grounding), and the additional wires must also be three.These additional wires are stretched between Enclosures and Enclosures in the first (which is already the main cable output) terminals connected to the terminals for 2 wires - from the main cable from an optional, in the second Enclosures Wiring is carried as standard.More details on this process is shown in the video.
That's it!It's really easy - certainly at school, at labs in physics, you have collected more difficult scheme.As they say, if the master took a screwdriver in his hands, then his case begins to fear.So for a screwdriver and forth to conquer new heights of skill.And this experience is clearly useful to you in the future, because in the normal operation of sockets they should at least once in a year or two prophylactically to open and inspect, everything was in order with the wires and contacts.And then your domestic electrical network will work like a clock, perhaps even the Swiss.Good luck to you!