With equipment edge banding material can be pasted on the edge of the workpiece, using a special glue.Without this, the machine will not work, no woodworking enterprise.Manufacturers from all over the world can offer a different range of these machines.The design of this device is not complicated, so you can make yourself a portable edge banding machine.
- Purpose edgebanders
- design edgebanders
- The principle of edge banding machines
- Classification edgebanders
- Manufacturing edgebanders
- Care edgebanders
firstedge banding machine was invented a long time ago, to be precise - in five years marks half a century since, how did the entrance edge banding machine using hot melt adhesive.Currently, the equipment is the basis for the production of furniture factory.There are many manufacturers of these machines from Germany, Italy, Austria, Czech Republic, Spain, Japan, Turkey and China.
Veneering edge is th
As material may be paper, veneer, melamine, ABC, PVC, a thickness of 0.4 - 3 mm, and the width of 2 - 6 centimeters.The basis of the technology is a system of "blank - adhesive mixture - stuck material."Thanks to a special compression and conversion lining fits securely on the edge.Many
edge banding machines tend to use hot-melt adhesive, which melts when heated and solidifies when cooled rapidly.Such technology requires strict regulation regime temperature and pressing the bonded components with the required force.If you think about it, the system can become unstable and lining - fall off.
on a bed table made of the PCB or a similar material, which prevents damage to the workpiece.On a table mounted base module, which may be placed milling module to eliminate overhangs.The advantage of such equipment may be called its portability, since the dimensions allow you to move the machine to the location of parts.There is also a removable rails as edge banding machines in the photo on our site to work with a solid stripe lining.
supply system includes a roll, the guillotine and the rollers.To start the store is set facing material, from which the feed rollers extends to bonding.To adjust the feed rate of the tape drive rollers must have variable speed.The guillotine cuts the tape so that its length enough to cover the entire edge, and 25 mm for the allowance.The drive of the guillotine may be mechanical or pneumatic.With the workpiece is determined by the position sensor response time of the guillotine.
machine is often provided with a system for heating and gluing.This is done in two different embodiments - that the edge material supplied from the adhesive layer and without it.In the first embodiment, the adhesive is already contained on the tape, but it is heated with hot air using an industrial dryer.In the second case, the adhesive is heated in a special bath and applied to the surface of the belt by the drive roller.It should be noted that some models have two rollers, of which the second is designed for applying adhesive to the edge of the workpiece.
next item - a tray adhesive where adhesive for edge banding machines heated to a temperature of 150-200 degrees Celsius, does not burn, it has a uniform consistency and well circulated.Mostly used trays Teflon coating and temperature sensors.Some models have a special cartridge for applying adhesive to the surface.
clamping system has the form of the support roller.When the tape is in contact with the lining material, there are certain compression force these components.If the edge banding machine is mechanized feeding, the tape is pressed against the edge of the part by one or more rollers which are arranged in series.The equipments with manual feeding parts can perform this function a person who takes part and simultaneously pressed to the tape coming out of her.
As a support is one or two or three rollers.But this method requires good skill.In addition to a uniform regime, constantly adjusts the speed of the tape and the workpiece in order to avoid breaking or assembly tape.More sophisticated equipment can control the machine automatically, with the help of electronics.
for sticking tape is used, the width of which is greater than the height of the items by 2-5 millimeters.This is done to guarantee the closing edge.Usually, after application are the so-called overhang, which act on both sides.To remove them, use the milling unit that cuts off all the trim that goes beyond the details.
Usually tool is endowed with a high-speed drive 10-12 thousand revolutions per minute, to leave the surface unharmed.The module also includes limiting rollers for competent installation piece.Module has two mills with individual drives, it is adjusted to the desired height details.To fine-tune the unit and fix it, moving mechanism is activated with a special program "screw - nut."
After cutting guillotine tape with allowance glued to the edge.To remove it, you must use a crosscut unit, the design of which can be very different.The easiest option is a circular saw, which is endowed with vertical movement of the drive and is equipped with a small capacity.
special command this saw comes into the work area of the edge of the machine and saw off the excess part of the liner.This principle can only work on machines with manual submission details.If the supply mechanized socket module more complicated.Saw drive is installed according to the instructions edgebanders on the carriage, which has two short course: the first to submit a saw to remove the tape allowance, and the second for smooth feed rate of the workpiece and the saw.
Edgebander may be supplemented by a variety of functional parts that affect its performance, automate certain processes, as well as prepare and bring an edge to the perfect state.Modules can be sharpened by a certain amount, type of cladding material or type of workpiece.Robust design ensures high-quality wrapping straight and curved furniture components.
The principle of edge banding machines
Edge device with manual feed are utilized not only at home or craft workshops.Even large furniture companies have a device for quick repairs and wrapping exclusive or curved workpieces in small series.
Thanks to processors, controllers and control systems, devices with manual submission details are very convenient and uncomplicated in the preparation and management.The main processes during operation - is the speed of delivery, automatic temperature control, as well as the length of the Bonded material.
Edge machine with manual feed parts to work with materials up to 3 mm, consumes about 2 kW of electricity, covers an area of 2-3 square meters, the one-man support and feed rate details 3-6 meters per minute.To all of the machine to function, the system connects supply pressure of 0.6 MPa compressed air.
Typically, edge banding machine is tested first, with the reliability of the adhesive seam is controlled and the degree of adhesion of the glue.For the test, you can use a transparent PVC film that allows you to monitor the distribution of compression and adhesive after polymerization.When the shift changes, it is also recommended to carry out tests for the prevention of latent violations.
All cutting tools are well sharpened.This refers to the guillotine knives and cutters.Remember to clean the glue tray.Edge banding machine can be vested with fencing and be marked with heated surfaces.The frame of the machine must be grounded.The device must be connected to a system of aspiration, as the heated adhesive can release toxic substances which pose a threat to health.
This device does not require any configuration.It is necessary to adjust the heating temperature and the adhesive tape is properly set the frequency of rotation of the rollers, which adhesive is applied, and the feed rate.It is important that when applied to the edge or the amount of the adhesive tape is optimally meet all conditions.If he will be missed, it can be lost bond strength between the material and the workpiece.Excess glue will result in the expulsion of the excess amount of the surface and smudges.
How looks the duty cycle?Along the edge banding machine moves the workpiece.The carriage with the saw begins to move at a feed rate in the same direction.For a short time it becomes fixed and saw cuts off the excess portion of the tape.For while the machine is not damaged item, there is a restriction clip.For the cleaning of waste to the miter sawing module supplied branch exhaust system.
Edge machines are divided into the following types of machine: a curved edge and a straight edge.The design of devices with straight edges, tend to use automatic feeding material, edge banding machines for curved edges - manual feed material.Hand edge banding machines are not intended for large-scale factories.There are combo machines that can operate in different modes and include both manual and automatic feeding of the workpiece.
Edge machines come in single- and double-sided.The first of these are expensive and recouped only in conditions of large and medium-sized enterprises.These devices can only rectangular brick edges, but has many features that are missing from the machine position.
It mainly operations that are associated with the elimination of defects and giving the finished products of the species.Double-sided edge banding machines are identical in functionality to the previous type, but are able to coat edge simultaneously with the two sides due to more complex mechanics.
Recently, portable machines, which have a special bath for heating the adhesive to a suitable temperature.It is endowed with multiple arms and a roller for reconsolidation lining the edge.When used in this lining is mounted on a specially prepared stand.Portable apparatus may be used for bonding plastic with a small thickness to the details of the rectangular shape.They can also be fixed on a desk or work as a stationary device.
Because of the high prices edgebanders many prefer self-made edge devices, but their safety is lame, so you should be very careful.Before we reflect on the creation of the machine, you must pay attention to the thickness of the material with which to work the equipment, consider what material it will work, and what devices should be mandatory.First we need to establish a framework which includes a supply system facing material, pressing, heating and application of the adhesive.
Standard equipment includes a facing machine:
- unit automatically cutting edge;
- rotation knob with the indicator feed rate;
- thermostat support function to wait and protection from premature operation;
- supply unit to edge gluing;
- switch for use with straight parts;
- bracket for the dryer;
- textolite wear resistance guide.
Edge machines used in almost all wood-processing enterprises, but their equipment and components can vary significantly.It depends mainly on the amount of work that is performed by this unit.Therefore it decided to use in small workshops mobile devices, which are intended to apply edging material with an adhesive composition that has already been done for him.
Most small businesses and households prefer to use edge banding machines edge banding, which include only the device for unwinding and secure edging material, heating hairdryer and video plugs.This apparatus operate as a desktop machine with the presence of means for advancing the workpiece thereon.You mount the machine on the workpiece, to be exact - on its edge, and then gradually move homemade edge banding machine as performance.
For more advanced and complex models of edge banding machines provide a tank that is designed for heating and applying glue to the edge of the composition.The tank is equipped with a handle and a roller, which consolidates the material to the edge of which this machine is located in a special separate support.These devices are intended for bonding plastics increased thickness for rectangular blanks.
eaves edging material, which are formed at facing homemade edge banding machines, made to remove by hand using special tools.These include a variety of longitudinal guillotine devices that cut overhang and form a chamfer on the edges of the product.All components fastened with comfortable handles for control.
Then you can say with confidence that the edge banding machine with his hands ready.It is worth remembering that when working on such a device must be used in the lining material rolls, which are already applied adhesive composition, otherwise you simply will not be able to attach anything.As for the production of edge banding machines with their own hands you still need some details, do not expect that the production of the device will cost you absolutely free of charge.
Edgebander, as well as any other equipment that requires a strict implementation of safety measures and careful care, the neglect of which is guaranteed to reduce the duration of the air reducers, air valves and cylinder sleeves.Terms of care are as follows:
- Always make sure the cables and protective devices in case of damage, which protect you and your machine.The fact that the damaged cable can disrupt elektrouzlov, which require urgent repairs.
- Try to exclude bias voltage in phases.When using the machine, there is a risk of power surges, so to resolve this problem, install the stabilizers and filters.
- Do not allow dust, water or oil.Many people prefer to clean their hands edge banding machine with compressed air, but we recommend not to do it because the high pressure in the protected space can penetrate foreign bodies.Instead, use a brush.
- After working cleaned the workplace and the machine.