Ceramic tiles - this is one of the most comfortable of materials, it is characterized by practical and suitable for the finishing of various facilities, in addition it can be used for both interior and exterior use.Other advantages of ceramic tile is its such qualities as durability, versatility, ease of care and, of course, aesthetic appearance.Today, companies producing tiles, a great many, diverse collections of tiles, so the choice and the purchase becomes a complex task.How not to make the wrong choice of surfacing material?And what are the criteria to choose it?
- criteria for choosing a ceramic tile
- Consider some values pictograms
- choice of colors appropriate to a particular room
- How to calculate the required number of tiles
- A few recommendations for selecting tiles
- elite manufacturers of ceramic tiles
- bit of history of the Italian tile
criteria for choosing a ceramic tile
1) One of the main criteria are the c
2) Another criterion - it is the place of application.The tile should be chosen depending on what area should be covered with ceramic tiles - kitchen, bathroom, hallway, etc., As well as the floor or walls in these rooms.To determine the destination of ceramic tiles have a special marking.Tile also divided into groups depending on the degree of wear resistance and resistance to various chemicals.Labelling is an icon that is applied to the packaging
3) tiles are also chosen for the color palette, texture and pattern.For example, ceramic tile is wood, which simulate parquet, tiles or under a rock.Of course, this minor criteria, and to pass this step only if the first two considered.
4) is the last tile size, for example, the floor tiles are selected larger, and the wall will approach the size of a compact or even small.
Consider some values pictograms
- There are icons in the form of a human foot.This means that the ceramic tile floor, and it is designed for outdoor cladding, and if the background is shaded by a foot, the tile has a high resistance to abrasion, so can be used in shops offices and other premises, which are subject to increased wear.
- If the icon otchercheny contours of the human hand, this tile is used for walls and other surfaces that do not accept any load.
- icon denotes a snowflake frost of the tile and its resistance to low temperatures.
- also found a symbol of fire with different numbers.This is the number of firings, have gone through this tile.
- A symbol indicates that the tile is made with more modern techniques with a more precise way of cutting.
- symbol B indicates the worst quality, but it is cheaper and costs.
- If the marking is the same from several icons, this tile has a high quality.
labeled A and B can be used and other additional symbols such as:
AI, BI, which means that the tile is designed for outdoor decoration.Basically, this marker is indicated ceramic facade tiles.
tile labeled AII, BII is also suitable for outdoor tiling, although has a low moisture resistance.
And those tiles that are marked AIII, BIII can be used only for interior decorating.
But according to the degree of resistance to wear all kinds of ceramic tiles intended for floors can be divided into five main groups.Floor tile is denoted PEI.
Group 1. This tile, which can be applied in a bedroom or a bath.
Group 2 Tiles in this group are used for cladding rooms and living rooms.
Group 3. This group is suitable for decoration of the kitchen or hallway
Group 4 and 5. Since the tiles these groups are most resistant to abrasion, it is advisable to use them in public places with high traffic, as well as exposure to chemicals and abrasives.
When choosing tiles, you must also pay attention to its packaging in order to find out information about the brand, the country of origin, and the number of square meters of tiles in the package, as well as the color and grade.The packaging must also be labeled icons and symbols above groups related to that tile.
should definitely take into account that the floor tiles for the bathroom or hallway in any case should not be slippery as it could be traumatic if it gets wet.The best option to select tiles of the premises - a tile with a rough or matte surface.But the bathroom wall tile is best suited with a high resistance to chemicals, as the walls of baths more often exposed to a variety of cleaners, detergents and cosmetics.The same can be said about the kitchen tiles as floor and wall.But here they are exposed to more aggressive funds, so the requirements for them have to be stricter than for bathrooms.
choice of colors appropriate to a particular room
And only after how to define the purpose and the qualitative characteristics of ceramic tiles, you can do the aesthetic aspect: design, pattern, colors, and sizes of tiles.It is also important to carefully review the conditions of the premises for which purchased tiles.Especially need to pay attention to characteristics such as lighting, the overall color palette, the size of the room, his style.For example, a small room is not suitable tiles with a large pattern or larger.Or the tiles in bright colors can visually expand a small space and the vertical pattern to increase the wall height.On the other hand in the light tiles scratches or Teschin be more noticeable, so the floor in the hall better to choose tile dark tones.
How to calculate the required number of tiles
In order to calculate the required number of tiles, you must measure the exact area of the finished surface, as well as to take into account with the help of the tool will be laid tiles.Do not forget the picture, sometimes in order to achieve symmetry have to take a little more than out of the calculations.For greater certainty is better to buy 10% more than the required amount, as at any party, even the high-quality ceramic tile, for example a certain percentage of marriage, except it does not forget about the possible damage when trimming the material to the desired size.
A few recommendations for selecting tiles:
1) The reverse side of the tiles should be smooth, without any cracks.General geometry of regular shape without bumps and buildup.Smooth surface can be checked by applying two tiles to each other, while between them there should be no gaps or cracks.
2) To avoid an incident mismatch color or pattern for all the purchased party, do not be lazy and compare them, taking from different packages of the same tile.
3) Before using a ceramic tile cladding, it is necessary to check for water resistance, it is done in the following way: Put the tiles in water for 10-12 hours, and if it microcracks, then this tile is better to return to the seller.
Manufacturers elite tiles
Today there are many domestic and foreign companies producing ceramic tiles.However, the Italian ceramic tile, as before, is considered to be the best both in quality and aesthetic side.The most beautiful houses of the world of Italian ceramic tiles manufacturers.At the same time there are many Italian companies that have long since become brands, and produce only luxury tiles.Versace, Viva ceramica, Caesar, Capri, Casabella and others.
bit of history of the Italian tile
history of Italian ceramics dates back several centuries.The origins of its production lead to the beginning of the tenth century.The first Italian factory producing ceramic tiles were on the island of Mallorca, as high quality raw materials produced here - a special kind of clay with which produced highly porous ceramic tiles.
first time this tile was intended only for facing churches and temples, and later began to use it among the nobility.The most well-off citizens of Italian cities began to use the tiles for decorating their castles.But modern Italian tiles began to be made at the beginning of the 20th century.The experienced Italian artisans in ceramics do not forget about the traditions of the past, but at the same time is constantly looking for new design and technological solutions.All this leads to the fact that he heard the word "ceramic tiles from Italy," immediately present tiles of the highest quality.
through the merits of ancestors, Italy is a trendsetter in the world of ceramics.New ceramic tile Italian artists represented in brilliant collection, impresses with its exquisite design and unexpected flight of fantasy, sometimes we forget that it's just a ceramic tile, so it looks like a painting or live natural scenery.Warm ceramic tile that imitates the sand of the desert, you can instantly move many kilometers to a distant and sultry Sahara.Give yourself comfort and a fairy tale by the tiles for your home the best quality.
Tiles ceracasa damore - a wide range of Spanish tiles, high quality.
Vadim Drilling for StrPort.Ru