soft tiles - a modern material for the device of the roof, its main purpose is to protect the roof from leaks and freezing, but, in addition, this tile has a high aesthetic quality and excellent look on the roof of any configuration.Otherwise, the material called bitumen, or asphalt shingles, and obtained as a result of coating is called soft or shingle roof.In this article we consider the cost of roofing tiles and soft features of its installation.
- Features production of soft roofing shingles
- technology of soft roofing shingles
- Advantages soft tile
- main producers of soft tile and its price
- Care coated shingles
- Routine check
- Care in winter
Features production of soft roofing shingles
soft tile has a unique multi-layer, through which receives high performance and is widely used in all climates.All this became possible due to the latest production technology coverage.
composition roofing shingles soft
- basis for soft tile serves fiberglass impregnated on both sides with bitumen.It has a water-repellent properties and is a product of oil refining.In part, that's why the price of shingles depends on oil prices.
- on the quality of glass fiber depend on all the main characteristics of shingles.It is a robust substance having a large margin of safety is not broken and is resistant to mechanical stress.
- Fiberglass is made by pressing from fibers which include quartz sand, lime, clay and soda.That is why it is considered the most secure, non-combustible material, with high resistance to temperature changes.The resulting fabric is braided in large rolls, of which subsequently produce shingles.Furthermore glass fiber, as an insulating coating may be used wood chips of various fractions or recycled cardboard.
- web of rolls enters the looper to create a reserve for emergencies, in the event of a stop to continue production without interruption.On the basis of the first treatment stage is supplied to the saturator - an apparatus for applying impregnation.As used impregnation modified bitumen in the molten state.
- modifiers (special polymeric substances) in its structure to improve the ductility and elasticity at operating temperatures in either mode.Such material is moisture, and hence the resulting tiles becomes waterproof.Moreover, this does not melt the bitumen in the sun, do not have an unpleasant odor and does not crack.In order to bend the finished product is excellent, it is covered with another layer of asphalt, but now a thick consistency and with the addition of lime powder.
- While bitumen is not dried out, on top of the tile is applied to the ceramic granules or slate or basalt aggregates, and the bottom layer is protected with plastic wrap.
- Mineral granules may have different shades, which gives the finished product an exclusive appearance, but their main purpose - protection against UV rays.Granular well kept on the surface, and even after decades perfectly copes with its functions.Many manufacturers add copper powder paint, which prevents the spread of lichen and moss.Those particles that do not stick to the bituminous coating during processing are used for powdering subsequent web.
- Plastic film is necessary in order to complete the tiles are not glued together in a pack for the same purpose, the bottom side is sprinkled with ground limestone.This is the last phase of the multi-layer structure, after which the material should be cool.To this end the layers pass through chilled drums flow of cold water.The cooled web is fed onto a conveyor where the lower layer of soft asphalt shingles applied to the strip, which is under the influence of solar heat will melt and fasten roofing tiles together to form a single solid surface.
- At the final stage of production, the web is cut at a predetermined size with the need to cut figured bottom edge.The standard size of one tile soft tile to a length of 1 m and a height of 33 cm. The edge may be very different shapes: oval, rectangular, wave-like, hexagonal, triangular and others.
- Ready material enters the packing plant, where the sum in boxes of 10-25 pieces.One pack is enough for covering 2-3 m2 roof.Only tiles of high quality glass fiber is a reliable protection that will last for decades or, as a cheap material having no glass fiber and a part of modified bitumen, will last a maximum of 5-7 years, and is suitable only for a temporary roof covering.
technology of soft roofing shingles
arrangement for reliable and durable roof not only need high-quality tiles, but also the construction of proper roofing pie, that is a complex of elements, each of which has its own function, and together form a solidroof.
Proper design of the roof tiles of soft suggests the following items (in sequence from the first layer of the roof in the attic):
- trim attic;
- board-frame for the air gap;
- vapor barrier;
- truss system;
- kontrubrus laying insulation;
- membrane (Waterproof film);
- kontrobrus for ventilation;
- crate in the form of bars;
- solid base (chipboard, OSB);
- waterproofing layer or a special carpet underlay;
- soft tile.
Tip: despite the fact that the shingles refers to the moisture-resistant materials, all the wooden elements of the roof must be treated with special impregnation and protective structures.
- installed on roof frame fits vapor barrier film that protects the roof structure from the vapors from penetrating the room.It is laid without gaps and without sagging, securing the inside of the bars, which will continue to be attached trim.In areas of overlap film glued double-sided adhesive tape
- At erection truss system, it is important to pay special attention to securing sloping rafters.Kontrobrusya fixed between rafters, which will fix the heat insulation layer.After all firmly fixed, you can start laying the insulation, which will prevent the loss of heat.As the insulation layer of mineral wool, arranged in several layers, it is necessary to overlap the seams of each.
- On a layer of insulation is placed windproof and gidromembrana film that will protect against accidental leakage of water all the lower layers of the structure.Installation is made on soft tile solid crate.The crates can be used as lightweight materials, such as water-resistant plywood or OSB-plates, which are fixed in the run-up to a more reliable arrangement of the roof.Furthermore, it is necessary to leave gaps between the slabs of 3-4 mm, so that they do not warp at high humidity.
- All work is recommended when the weather is dry and the temperature of the air at least 5 degrees.On the reasons for fixing the tile is laid carpet backing, which should be placed from the bottom of the roof, gradually moving up.The material is laid overlapping, and the joints are coated with mastic asphalt.Before starting the installation of tile, installed curtain and end trims.
- Depending on the form of tiled tiles, installation is carried out in different ways.Each pack tile manufacturer invests detailed instructions, which is important to follow for proper installation.
- order to laid a carpet tile had the color imbalance, should work to mix the tiles from 6-7 packs.The first band is laid over the eaves plate.It should be a special Konkovo-cornice tiles, or tiles with cut edge figure.Installation of the first row of tiles curly begins with the center of one of the ramps.
- next series also mounted from the center, but offset by half a tab in any direction.Nailing shingles so that the bottom edge is flush with the beginning of the cut of the previous row.Gradually also fixed all tiled tiles.Sheets shingles are attached to the crate with a special roofing nails with large round hats.
- Particular attention should be paid to the junction with the main elements of the roof - chimneys, ventilation, skylights, skating.In these places, when poor-quality installation often formed leakage, complying with all requirements of such problems simply does not arise.
- tiles, overlapping each other, under gravity into a single bonded to the carpet, which provides protection from the weather.Buying material for the device of soft tile roof, should be considered waste, which will not exceed 5% if there is a large number of decorative elements, valleys and fractures, if the roof is flat, the wastes are left.
Advantages soft tile
bitumen roof has several significant advantages over other types of roofing.
- has good sound insulation.
- resistant to adverse weather conditions.
- moisture resistance due to low porosity.
- Different light installation, does not require special tools and equipment.
- economical consumption during installation.
- has a low specific gravity, whereby it is possible not to enhance a structure on which it is mounted.
- has a long service life.
- Undemanding in care.
- resistance to corrosion, decay and the effects of chemicals.
- has high heat and frost.
- fire safety and fire-resistant material.
- Creates a sealed surface.
- has high wind resistance.
- device does not require roof snow retention system.
- has a relatively low cost.
- produce large assortment of colors, shapes and sizes.
- can be placed on the roofs of any configuration, due to its flexibility.
main producers of soft tile and its price
|Mark tiles||Country|| Features |
and produced a series of
| Icopal / Icopal |
|France, Finland|| Products intended for use in the Nordic climate.Has cover of slate chips |
Series Produced :
|20 years||400-500 rubles./ m2|
| Katepal / Katepal |
|Finland|| multilayer structure has a unique manufacturing process.Fiberglass is impregnated with SBS modified bitumen of Venezuelan production.In addition, used in the production of pellets, keramizirovannye special way, which is applied to the tiles with a 10% margin. |
Series Produced :
|25 years||340-560 rub. / M2|
| Daflex / Dafleks |
|Germany|| unique material from the company |
Holzplast.It has a low specific weight, but it is one of the strong and reliable materials.Caring for a minimum roof, tile has high moisture resistance, sound insulation and tightness.The top layer is covered with slate or basalt granules, which are painted at high temperature, so they do not change color over the entire period of use.
Series Produced :
|35 years||350 -550 rub. / M2|
| Ruflex / Rufleks |
|Russia|| tile production is conducted at the Russian plant it is popular shapes and various colors of natural shades.This high-quality material, long life, reliable retains heat and has a high moisture resistance.Due to the use in the production of bitumen of Venezuelan oil. |
Series Produced :
|30-35 years||335-480 rub. / M2|
| Tegola /Tegola |
|Italy, Russia|| roofing can be used in all weather conditions, both in the northern and southern regions.In the production of the tiles used strew the top layer of a basalt crumb.In the manufacture of this particular tile it was first used modified bitumen. |
Series Produced :
|10-15 years||215-540 rub. / M2|
| Shinglas / Shinglas |
|Russia|| tile from the Russian company "TekhnoNIKOL" are of high quality, long-life and relatively low price. |
Produced series :
|15-50 years||210-500 rub. / M2|
| CertainTeed /Sertantid |
|US|| This three-layer laminate of two or tiles, has a wide range of color in color, shapes and sizes.Produced a series of distinguished lifetime warranty, wind resistance and cost |
Produced series :
|25-50 years||380-1740 rub. / m2|
| BP / Building Products |
|Canada|| Shingles is a two-layer laminate,painted in bright, contrasting colors |
Produced series :
|500-540 rub. / m2|
| Docke / Dёke |
|Germany|| Produced material has 30 different color options and a wide variety of forms produced in 7 collections.Colors can be both homogeneous and have a play of shadows and a variety of combinations.The roof of the manufacturer is a low cost, long life and reliable protection.Within 3-7 days ready roofing becomes a single coating.Due to the special technology glue, gets wet under the shingles is volatile and not sealed, to avoid the appearance of bubbles in the operation. |
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