Stretch ceiling - a popular modern method of finishing the ceiling.It is easy to install and allows you to hide all the flaws and irregularities basic ceiling.There is a misconception that a suspended ceiling, will have to abandon the traditional way of lighting that use chandeliers and lamps can not.And you can only use spotlights or LED ribbon mounted in plasterboard box.In fact it is not so.To illuminate the room with a stretch ceiling can be used and chandeliers and ceiling lights and spotlights.Due to the nature of the tension fabric, there are certain restrictions and requirements to be met by the lamp for suspended ceilings.This applies to the type of lamps, their power, mounting, luminaire design and much more.A reasonable question arises, how to choose a chandelier for suspended ceilings.On this and talk in this article.Determine what are the chandeliers and lamps, a shape and size as attached to the bottom of what lights they use, and wha
- features lighting for suspended ceilings
- What chandeliers for ceilings are
- shape and size of the chandelier for the stretch ceiling
- Chandeliers for suspended ceilings with incandescent
- Halogen lamps for suspended ceilings
- Energy saving lamps for suspended ceilings
- LED lamps for suspended ceilings
- attachment method for ceilings, chandeliers
- What luminaires for suspended ceilings are
- Halogen lamps for suspended ceilings
- Lamps for suspended ceilings
- saving LED lights for ceilings
- Spotlights forsuspended ceilings
features lighting for suspended ceilings
Stretch ceiling is a PVC or polyester fabric spanned in the main ceiling at a distance of a few centimeters from him.Due to the fact that the PVC cloth is sensitive to elevated temperatures over 80 ° C, it can be stretched.Polyester fabric synthetic fabric does not stretch, but it can change color to yellow or duck under the influence of temperature or due to improperly installed lighting.
therefore wondering how to choose the lamp for suspended ceilings, to consider such requirements :
- Cloth stretch ceiling should not be warmed above 60 ° C, so the chandelier should be placed at a certain distance / height of the blade, as well as the power of the lampsfor suspended ceilings must be such that the web is as small as possible warming up.What specific requirements for the power of various lamps, consider later.
- Some types of lamps such as halogen and LED can be connected via the power converters.Such devices can not be placed in the space between the ceiling and the main tensioning ceiling, since it is no ventilation.Located stretched canvas for the power converters are easily damaged due to overheating.They must be placed in a comfortable ventilated niche and on the canvas fix the wires leading to them.
- Lamps and chandeliers for ceilings, attached to the main ceiling in different ways.Therefore, they must be purchased prior to installation of the ceiling, while installers will be able to calculate the detail where the cut will be for the light, and properly prepare the mounting mortgage.
- glossy surface tension ceiling represents 80% of the light, so you should not be used for lighting lamps, chandeliers open the up.They will be reflected in the web, and the light is too bright and cutting.For a relaxing ambient light must be used chandeliers and lamps with shades.
- is to abandon the chandelier or lamp with a known difficult mounting options, as superfluous injury stretched canvas undesirable.
It's just a general restrictions.As for lighting suspended ceilings can use the classic chandelier, chandeliers of different intricate design chandelier with a fan, built-in ceiling lights, overhead ceiling lights, ceiling lights and spot other LIGHTS, let's look at some of them in more detail.
What chandeliers for ceilings are
for illumination of premises with tension ceilings, you can use the familiar to our eyes the classic chandelier.For a small room of 9 - 12 m2 enough one chandeliers installed in the center of the room.If the shape of the chandelier lets fix it on the hook, specifically for this purpose, its installation cost is quite inexpensive.Sometimes even some companies to install suspended ceilings perform the installation of one chandelier free.
to illuminate a large room of 20 m2 and more than one chandelier will not be enough.If the room has an elongated shape and allows visually divide it into two parts, it is possible to install two chandeliers equidistant from the walls.Otherwise, you can supplement a chandelier or ceiling spotlights that illuminate the "dead" zone, which lacks the light from the lamps chandeliers.
shape and size of the chandelier for the stretch ceiling
All the chandeliers can be divided into horizontal and vertical .In rooms with low ceilings from 2.3 m to 3 m tall, it is desirable to use a horizontal chandeliers up to 1 m in diameter. They can be mnogorozhkovuyu structure, located on the "branches" or have a different design.Their main feature is that the lamps with evenly distributed throughout the chandelier and are far enough from the center to better quality light up a room.
In rooms with high ceilings (up to 3 m) is best to use vertical chandeliers diameter of 30 - 50 cm and a height of about 1 m. Dangles on a long "leg" chandelier illuminates the most living space.
On chandeliers for ceilings, the price depends on their shape, design, size and materials used.The best choice would be chandeliers with shades or horns pointing downwards or sideways and down, so as not to heat up once again to the canvas ceiling.Also, chandeliers can be supplemented by decorative elements - silk shade, beads, pendants faceted clear or colored glass, which will play a glare on the surface of the ceiling.
unchanged popular crystal chandeliers for ceilings , since crystal faceted elements of the scatter light uniformly distributing it all over the place.All modern chandeliers designed this plan with all the requirements that apply to the coverage of areas with tension ceilings.Satin fabric stretched ceiling reflects the light and makes the crystal to "play" a variety of highlights and color spray.
addition to the above there is a huge pyramid-shaped chandeliers lighting the hotel lobby, theaters, museums and other similar premises.Selecting a particular chandelier shape and size depends on the effect that the owner wants to get home.For example, a classic chandelier lamps "candles" more advantageous to look for a matte canvas, glossy and its reflection would be inappropriate and uncomfortable.The chandelier in the form of a hemisphere beat perfectly glossy canvas, in his reflection, it will turn into a full sphere that visually enlarge the room and "rise above" the ceiling.Horizontal mnogorozhkovye look great chandeliers and a matte paintings, and a gloss that is perfectly visible on the submitted photos.
Chandeliers for ceilings: photo examples
Vertical chandelier with silk shades and decor of decorative glass elements wonderfully reflected in the glossy stretched canvas dark shade.
And one chandelier in a dark stretch ceiling.
Crystal chandelier vertical well with a matte tissue stretch ceiling.
Here is horizontal chandelier contemporary design.
Another option contemporary decor.
Perfect for stretch ceiling horizontal mnogorozhkovaya chandelier.
Classical vertical chandelier for high ceilings.
Horizontal chandelier futuristic design with closed shades advantageously reflected in the glossy stretch ceilings.
Here is an example how can affect the gloss ceiling lamps without plafonds.
Thematic crystal chandelier requires appropriate facilities.It is not suitable for everyone.
tissue ceiling saturated pattern to choose a chandelier is difficult, but possible.
upper part of the chandelier for the stretch ceiling should not be less aesthetic than the bottom, as it will be seen its reflection in the glossy canvas.There should not be ugly protruding wires or other components.Bowl chandelier (located at the top and fastened to the canvas stretched ceiling) must be large enough to hide all the flaws and the installation site.
Do not use chandeliers, horns and lights are directed upward and the top is no ceiling or reflector .It threatens the fact that the ceiling will appear black spots, which are almost impossible to remove.By the way, it's not just a stretch ceiling, but the ceiling is also normal.The cause of black spots - Burned dust.The fact that the surface of the dust settles lamps that burns due to heat the surface of the lamp.When there is draft in the room, for example, if the door open, the flow of air and burned hot dust falls from the surface of the lamp rises up and deposited on the ceiling, as if fused to the ceiling.If you still want to use exactly this kind of chandeliers, the lamps it is necessary to install energy-saving or LED, they heat up the least.
choosing a chandelier for the stretch ceiling is necessary to pay attention to those models that have lampshades in reflectors.Reflectors are chrome-plated or stainless sheet steel.It is better if it is located on the top - above the lamp, then the probability of overheating canvas stretched ceiling is minimal.
Next let's consider the types of chandeliers, depending on what kind of lamp for suspended ceilings are used in them.The light sources can be used incandescent, halogen, energy saving and LED lamps.
Chandeliers for suspended ceilings with incandescent
Incandescent lamps - the cheapest source of light, but their efficiency so negligible that lately their use increasingly abandoned in favor of other lamps.After all, only 3% of the energy spent bulb is converted into light, the remaining 97% are converted into heat.And with this feature the biggest problem associated use of incandescent lamps with tension ceilings.
power bulbs in the chandelier for the stretch ceiling should not exceed 60 watts, if the fixture is vertical and 40 watts when horizontal.
If the lamp chandelier directed upwards, they shall be located no closer than 40 cm from the fabric.Otherwise, the chandelier with horns pointing up, it is better not to use at all, since the reflector focuses the energy and heats the web.If sent down, at a distance of 20 cm. The best option would be chandeliers, lamps which completely hidden from the ceiling or even ceiling separate them from the ceiling.
Halogen lamps for suspended ceilings
Halogen lamps are not far removed from incandescent lamps in terms of efficiency.Their main advantage only in the fact that their emitted spectrum is closest to natural sunlight.But these lamps are heated even more incandescent.That is why halogen lamps for suspended ceilings should not be more powerful than 35 watts .
One more important thing to work with halogen lamps - they in any case can not touch hands, only dry clean fabric gloves.Secreted by the sebaceous glands of the skin fat left on the surface of the bulb and burn when the lamp is warmed up.In place of the burned fat appears dark stain, so that the lamp will heat unevenly and quickly fail.
Install halogen bulbs in the chandelier, the horns are directed upwards, can not, except in cases where the chandelier and vertical drops far enough from the ceiling.This trick is only possible in rooms with high ceilings.In all other cases, the halogen lamps is better to install in the ceiling and the horns downward or sideways, and a distance of 20 - 25 cm from the ceiling .
Energy saving lamps for suspended ceilings
called energy-saving lamps fluorescent lamps with integrated ballast.Their efficiency is much higher than that of incandescent lamps, and they are hardly heated, but they have a drawback.Inside the bulb is energy-saving lamp mercury, so in case of damage or destruction of the bulb is necessary to take appropriate measures - to vacate the premises by people and animals, and to remove mercury fumes.Also, after the expiry of the use of such lamps can not just throw it in the trash, but be sure to include a special collection point.
saving lamps for suspended ceilings can be of any capacity and be located close to the canvas, example, in the horizontal chandeliers.The only limitation - the room with high humidity.They use energy-saving lamps can not be - quickly breaks down the power supply.Also, energy-saving lamps can be installed in horns upward.
LED lamps for suspended ceilings
LED lamps - ideal for stretch ceiling.They have the highest efficiency, they are not heated and very durable.The life expectancy of such lamps of the order of 10,000 hours of continuous operation (4 years old), the durability is not dependent on the number of inclusions.LEDs distribute diffused light so that the lamps do not need reflectors and reflectors.Restrictions on power and distance to the canvas for such lamps there.
LED lamps for suspended ceilings installed with a power supply, so it makes sense to use low-voltage light bulbs in the chandelier with a single power supply.By the way, it should be placed in a ventilated place - a niche behind the cupboard or somewhere else.From the power supply and to have chandeliers lend a wire.Design LED chandeliers are so intricate and unusual, that is able to decorate and add zest to any interior.
attachment method for ceilings, chandeliers
All chandeliers by the method of attachment can be divided into two categories - suspension and overhead.
Pendant Chandelier for suspended ceiling hung on the special hook that can be "tightly" is enshrined in the concrete floor (which is most likely if the apartment is old and it has a chandelier hanging), may have a special attachment for fixing in the cavities overlap,and the hook may be welded to a plate screwed to the ceiling.If you mount the hook in the room for the first time, it makes sense to set the anchor hook is firmly secured at the ceiling.
Chandeliers with fastening hook easiest to install in the suspended ceiling.For their installation is only necessary to lower the hook to the desired height and make a small incision in the web to stretch the wires and rods chandeliers.
so-called ceiling fixture for tension ceiling mounted directly to the ceiling, so comes with special mounting elements - brackets.