coatings of natural stone, for example, marble, more than one century enjoyed great popularity.Marble stone is quite expensive, which requires appropriate care.From time to time for Marble articles should take care in using special synthetic compounds.Also, because of its properties it is recommended to polish marble.In this article we will look more polished marble technology at home and basic ways of caring for this natural material.
- The need for polishing marble
- technology polishing marble
- Polishing Marble Polishing of Marble
- crystallization process
- recommendations for the care of marble
The need for polishing marble
People began to use marble since ancient times.With this stone to create true works of art.Marble decorated rooms and trimmed various constructions architecture.Each of us remembers the old temples and palaces, which were considered a symbol of beauty and harmony.But without correspondi
Polished marble is the final procedure of processing any products from this stone - floors, stairs, walls, countertops.Polishing takes and makes richer the natural color of the stone.With this you can put on a special marble impregnation to enhance the colors, create the effect of wet stone, soil and water repellent effect, that protects it for a long time.After this procedure, you can forget about problems with marble in the next seven to eight years.
Today believe that the marble has increased strength, thanks to which could be preserved many works of art.But in fact, the marble - a sedimentary rock, it is very fragile and has a porous structure.How do you mean?It gradually appear numerous injuries.And then comes to the rescue that same polished marble that can save even old and worn surface.
Marble floor easily damaged by women's heels, furniture and even the interchange mud and solid grain, from streets on the soles of shoes.Chipped and potholes may occur when falling on the surface of a heavy object.Stone with the passage of time itself loses its unique luster and gloss, becomes dull, becomes unattractive colored stains.
floor of marble is extremely susceptible to acid - so those detergents that contain acids, can damage the polished marble.Negative influences marble entering oils and various drinks, such as juices, wine, if not erase stains, they can burn polishing stone.Therefore, the wear surface of the marble depends on the intensity and quality of cleaning marble surfaces.
Of course, there are plenty of special funds for the protection of marble.For example, marble, which presents in the construction market, in order to increase the strength often is treated polymer resin that fills the tiny cracks that are in marble.But, as practice shows, the marble is still in need of high-quality grinding and polishing.
addition, when laying marble slabs commonly used type of seamless installation in which irregularities can be formed, so the process of alignment is very important.The final product should have a solid appearance without the slightest seam.Leveling grinding and polishing of marble with his hands in the primary laying tiles is carried out to resolve differences of height, leveling unevenness between individual elements and to achieve a perfectly smooth and mirror-like surface.
technology polishing marble
If you do not want to resort to harsh forms of polishing marble, it is necessary to maintain a constant cleanliness and prevent the penetration of dirt into the surface as self polished marble is a difficult job.
for polishing procedures you need such equipment and materials: sandpaper different rooms, soft cloth, pumice, grinding equipment or machine for polishing marble, mold, paraffin, a drill with a special nozzle, abrasive tools, two-component adhesive, sandand the means to care for stone with wax content.
Typically, polishing marble use so-called abrasive and diamond wheels.With a flexible range of diamond can be sanded and polished hard surface.For smooth and flat surfaces better use of the milling cutter.Abrasive cutting tools can be manufactured in the form of brushes, fibrokrugov and cups.
And these tools you can handle marble both manually and with the help of the equipment.There are special machines, but they are very expensive, and it makes no sense to buy them for the treatment of a small marble surface.It is best to use a standard grinder called grinder, and flexible diamond discs.
But if you have some concerns about the quality of the work, or you do not know which instrument fits best, try to estimate the depth of the defects and damage to the surface.It is also recommended to choose the tools with the result that you want to get a result.In addition, before starting to work, you can always test the effect of equipment for polishing marble in an inconspicuous area.
first step is to carefully inspect the surface so that you can remove minor defects.If the material were vyscherbliny, you must apply the resin or cement-lime fill.You can also patch up their liquid glass.If any of the stone broke away, it should be to glue them with glue made from synthetic resins.
To do this, choose the glue that will approach the marble color and transparency, as the composition should be visible on the natural inclusions.Cracks can be repaired using special cements, which are made on the basis of the above adhesives or polyvinyl varnish.During gluing and filling cracks, it is desirable to apply additional bond pyrones or staples made of copper or stainless steel.
Grinding is one of the important stages of processing marble coating.If you want to use the product for a long time, do not neglect this procedure, which significantly increases the service life of marble.Before starting grinding, you must clean the vacuum cleaner, organic solvents or detergent.Rinse the surface with a cloth and water.
Just before buffing the surface is moistened using a fine sandpaper.If there are irregularities on the surface and noticeable differences, you must first apply the coarse abrasives, such as grinding wheels and rails.If you want marble shone and looked smooth, use multiple numbers of abrasives, as shown in the video of polished marble.
grinding process can be divided into three stages: rough grinding, polishing and finishing of common - each time to use at least a rough number.To give a view of the stone monolith, remove a rather large layer of material.Recommended thickness - three millimeters.Sex is better to polish special machine.
For small items, they can be sanded with fine sandpaper.For grinding can also use a pumice stone or fine sand as auxiliary materials.If you are planning to polish the marble on the machine, it is recommended to use the terms of lead, copper or iron.
Before polished marble, you must thoroughly clean the surface.But it is also polishing is carried out using small erased iron oxide and sulfur.This powder should be applied to shine and rub the surface of a piece of skin.After that, the stone should be sprinkled paraffin and gently rub with a dry soft canvas.Thus, you can give it a good shine and protect against the harmful effects of the environment.
If you are going to polish marble products on the machine, remove the faceplate and the plastic body, and then rinse thoroughly.Then clean parts can be installed to hold back and start polishing.For this purpose, according to the technology of polishing marble, must be secured buff and pour him a pinch of powder to be wetted with water and rub in a circle.
as polishing powder is recommended to use zinc, diamond dust, aluminum or chrome oxide.Then you can turn on the engine and slowly polishing material.Also, you can use polish, felt or cloth.These materials should be made in the following having a thickness of ten to twenty millimeters.Followed need to stick to iron faceplate with shellac or wax.
between the polishing material and the metal sheet is necessary to lay rubber.Before polishing should be slightly moisten the circles of felt, felt or cloth.While working on the machine the material should be carefully tray and press.This hand should move against the rotation of the circle.For added protection, polished marble surface is a polymer coating to produce the desired result.
These tools for polishing marble are more durable than wax, but it is necessary to do a more thorough cleaning of the surface prior to application, because even a drop of fat can lead to delamination of the coating in the future.If you are treated surface in this way, the material will provide additional protection.
In order to check the quality of polishing, the polished surface should be wiped with a clean cloth and stand next to the light bulb turned on.On the marble surface, try to find a reflection of hair burning lamp.If it is, then you are well able to polish the material.
You can also choose chemical engineering polishing marble surface, in which the surface is impregnated with the mold.These weakly acidic substances heal scratches and strengthens the surface.After crystallization polishing quality is significantly improved.This is reflected in a mirror shine of the marble floor.
As a result of such processing forms a very durable coating that hardness is not inferior to the original marble.This treatment is recommended in areas with high traffic of people (if the floor).Incidentally, the cleaning of the floor, you can use the classical detergents, but do not clear up too much.
to crystallize at home you need a special rotary machine with one disk, as well as tools and powder concentrates.Prior to the crystallization needed to conduct a mandatory cleaning the floor.After that you should make a mixture of concentrate and apply a paste for polishing marble to the desired site.Crystallization of marble runs to dry mixture.
To Stone bought the original gloss, you must go through the machine it about fifteen times.When crystallization comes to an end, the mixture will be like sour cream and the car starts to move faster.If you want to process a large portion of the marble floor, it should be divided by sector and the processing queue.To keep the gloss after crystallization, it is necessary to periodically clean the surface with detergent.
recommendations for the care of marble
marble should be used only special gentle detergent or soap solution.Classic Cleaners for acid and alkaline endowed foundation, so they can mar the surface.It is recommended to use a detergent with PH level of not more than 7. Before applying, it is desirable to test the agent in an inconspicuous area.It is worth noting that the suede prevents divorce, so it is better to clean the surface of this material.
There is one good tool for cleaning marble.It is necessary to prepare a thick solution of gum arabic, and they cover the surface with a brush.When gum arabic is completely dry, you can easily remove it from the surface of the marble.Along with him we should leave all foreign substances that pollute the marble.At the front door a marble floor is better to lay carpet.Thus, you will protect the surface from the constant pressure and the destruction of shoes.
If you find yourself on the marble surface of the spot, the main thing - to react quickly and not leave it for tomorrow.Just dab it with a towel, then gently rinse with water and dry.At the same time, try not to rub the surface too hard.In place of the greasy stains can put a piece of wet clay.When it finally dries, it absorbs fat.
To remove stains, organic and inorganic, oil, grease, cosmetics with marble should use absorbent paste.To remove a biological stain, better use a tool to remove the mold.To remove rust using special means to neutralize oxides.
If you want to remove the scum of marble, salt, minerals and calcium stains, use concentrated acid and alkaline agents.In some cases, can leave traces of corrosion, so you have to re-perepolirovyvat marble using quality equipment.In this case, the price of polished marble will be a little higher.
If you want marble long kept its luster, it is necessary to periodically impregnated with special compounds with wax or silicone.These formulations allow material to breathe, protect it and provide shine.If material is spilled on tea or coffee, it can be stained because these fluids contain acid.Therefore, for the protection of marble are often used water- and oil impregnation.Not to clean the marble in the future, it is better to impregnate his protective equipment that will fill the pores and the penetration of unwanted substances alert.
Marble is soft on the nature of the sedimentary material over time it fades and loses its luster.Also, it may appear small cracks.For these reasons, the material must be periodically polished and ground.But to keep it original appearance and shine, you must also carefully take care of him and wash the surface with the help of special tools.