Lamps are the most essential and integral part of each room.Properly selected and arranged fixtures contribute to the design of the room a special atmosphere.What kind of lighting, where and how to install, we look at in this article.
Luminaires used for voltage are 220V and 12V.When installing lamps 12V, it is necessary to put a special transformer of appropriate power.
Mount lamp on the hook
old way, but still in use, mounting fixtures in the ceiling panel - on the hook.In this case the hook itself and the cable at the exit point of the ceiling isolate - don polyvinylchloride pipe.The hole from which the hook is closed ceiling rosette.However, it can not be installed, and close up the hole with foam or mortar.Hang the lamp, the lamp wires are connected with wires wiring: two phase wires and one - zero.At the same time you can not twist the copper wires with aluminum.For their connection is necessary to use a sleeve.
mount luminaires in suspended ceiling
about installing fixtures in the suspended ceiling should take care before installing the ceiling and install special racks for fixtures.Once the ceiling is cool, it is glued to a special round profile is strictly under the counter.Then, the contour of the inner surface of the profile of the cut leaf ceiling.And through opened pull wiring to the lamp.The very opening okantovyvayut decorative profile.
When installing halogen lamps or high power lighting bright enough to be placed in a special insulating ring to prevent heating and sagging ceiling.However, Cardan lamps and fixtures made of steel, can be mounted in a suspended ceiling without insulation.
luminaires in plasterboard profile
When installing luminaires in plasterboard profile should be remembered that the distance between the lamps must be at least 30 cm, and the distance from the corner of the room to a lamp - not less than 20 cm. The whole layout for fixtures must be made on the walls,and then transferred to the sheet of drywall.Holes are drilled for each lamp with a special cutter for mounting fixtures, the diameter of which is adjusted for the size of the lamp.Openings can be cut either before or after decorating.The opening cut, after connecting the cable is inserted spotlights.With light metal legs securely fastened to the drywall.But the wiring under the drywall must necessarily be laid in corrugated protective tube, which is made of a special non-flammable plastic.
When installing large square frame ceiling fluorescent lamps need to prepare in advance.To do this, after the application of marking places under the lights, each of them need to make an extra square frame made of the profile CD.The framework needs to be done to 0.5-1 cm more than the size of the lamp for easy installation.
mount mounted luminaires
mounted fixtures mounted on drywall screws for metal dowels or "butterfly".With their help, fixtures can be attached not only to the surface of gypsum board, but also to wooden or chipboard surface."Paws" dowels, screwing the screws in drywall, tightly pressed to the back of the surface and firmly fixed mount.
When installing ceiling lights should be noted that the distance from the bottom of every fixture to the floor must be at least 2 meters.