- Step 1: Project Planning
- Beam, carriage, timber
- Basic set of log log / carriage / timber
- modules (containers)
- Step 2. Construction
- Holiday homes of aerated concrete
- $ Holiday homes priced
build a home that will decorate the suburban area, a place for permanent, year-round residencewith the possibility of registration - a reality.
Step 1. Draft
modern, warm, robust construction of your new home can have almost any design, size, finish.For the construction of using different materials and technologies, which are selected at the initial, stage of the project.
Design House is convenient to have the presence of the site.Then the experts will be able to take into account:
- climatic factors;
- geodetic data.
knowledge of the climate to determine, for example, the thickness of the walls, the need for a heater.Geodetic data will help you choose the type of foundation base, to form the sca
important is planning your future home: story structure, the location and size of the main premises, their number functionality.
Usually 1-, 2-hetazhnyh dachas used options such "set" rooms:
- living room;
also built complemented porch, veranda, terrace.If you allow the projected area, then it planned several bedrooms - guest, children.It may take into account the location of the rooms with a special purpose: office, gym, sauna, library, conservatory, dressing room, billiard room, laundry room, outbuildings, summer shower, kitchen.
Material Selection of material to be used in the construction of a country house - a choice that determines the costly part of the project.There are several options that are popular builders:
- units (containers).
use of wood is practiced because of the many advantages of this material:
- environmental friendliness;
- aesthetic appeal;
- affordable prices;
- opportunity to furnish any material;
- ability tree to samoprovetrivaniyu;
- moisture resistance, fire resistance with proper treatment.
In addition to these advantages, the tree perfectly treated, has a high ability teplosohraneniya.
For building material specially prepared.You can buy already cleaned, sawn wood under a certain size with holes for fixing Nagel (studs), ready longitudinal grooves under the insulation, ready to end locks, carved "paw", "in the cup" in a shop.
Beam, carriage, timber
manufacturers offer even finished construction of log cabins, which are required only to deliver to the place of direct assembly to prepare the foundation, erect the walls, the roof, insert openings.As the material is commonly used:
- Square milled log;
- shaped beam;
Basic set of log log / carriage / timber
finished materials are calibrated, trimmed with the size of the projected home.Basic kits typically include:
- lumber / flitches / beam in the desired quantity (for example, a house made of logs 4x3);
- crate roof;
- roof waterproofing;
- mezhventsovogo insulation;
- Floor joists;
- roughing, finishing flooring;
- door blocks;
- window units;
- ceiling linings;
- battens for the gables;
- foundation blocks.
remaining equipment is chosen individually.Intra finish the walls can be made of the same paneling.Paul can be covered with carpet or laminate.
IMPORTANT! Proper insulation in the wooden house floor for optimum heat retention inside the house.Therefore, be sure to consider laying a vapor barrier, insulation, waterproofing flooring before finishing floors.Outside
perform finishing of wooden houses is not necessary.It is enough to carry out the coating material antiseptics, special painting.
manufacturer can order traditional houses old Russian, Finnish, Canadian.
Beautiful houses, constructed of brick, are durable, the possibility of implementing complex architectural forms.However, the cost of such structures is much higher than fellings.
commonly used for the construction of a ceramic or silicate brick of various sizes, colors.
Pros such houses are obvious.High fire resistance, heat resistance, protection from ultraviolet radiation, moisture resistance make the material in question a leader of high-quality building materials.However, a significant disadvantage today is the high cost of a brick house.
development innovation, improving materials can replace brick on decent analogues: vulture-panel, panel design, modular units prefabricated houses, gas silicate blocks.Of course, some qualitative properties can not be replaced, but the use of modern materials are now trying to most developers.
fastest available is a frame-panel technology used for the construction of cottages.Perhaps the construction of buildings, seasonal - summer / winter home for the suburban area.
The basis of the method - the carcass and the subsequent erection of walls, roofs with special panels.
frame formed of wood, metal.Mounted on a ready foundation base.
SIP-panels are required in this type of construction, characterized by a composite structure.In addition to the leaf surface, the insulation is placed inside the structure, which then allows you to use ready-made structure in all seasons.
teplosohraneniya addition, the wall panels SIP, thanks to a special manufacturing technology, have high strength.Formed in the molding material 18t, so such a load plate-standard sizes - standard.
height panels produced today, up to 3.5 m.The width varies - 0,625m - 1.5 m.Weight of a standard panel 2,5h1,25h0,174 50kg.Therefore, the load on the foundation base is relatively small.Builders practice a foundation on screw piles, column bases at skeleton-shield method of construction of a country house.Frequently used one-piece concrete slab.
IMPORTANT!Comparing frame house with a brick the size of 170m2 analogue, note that the weight of the frame structure of 15t.Brick house this size weighs 60 tons.Calculate savings on transportation of material and installation of foundations in the selection frame technology is simple.
houses built from blocks are also popular due to the speed of construction, the building of decent quality.
IMPORTANT! Modular homes require reinforcement in the construction, extra insulation.
advantages of a country house, which is built of blocks is :
- efficiency of the construction;
- efficiency when foundation works;
- sufficient strength;
- all-year use with proper insulation;
- possibility of constructing a 1st floor;
- possibility of using different finishing materials.
disadvantages of block designs are:
- Improper installation may cause cracks, thermal bridges;
- need waterproofing, insulation, vapor barrier facade decoration.
as simple, affordable way to set the country house quickly, without significant cost - the purchase of modular (container).
Ready blocks are supplied in any arrangement.Usually buildings are 1-2etazha.Rooms You can choose any destination.
Containers are finished, insulated.It is possible to supply, connect the necessary communications: water supply, connections for electricity, sewage.
advantages of this type of holiday homes are not only accessibility.Designs are mobile!If necessary, you can carry home a specified location.
Interior finish can be made lining, plasterboard, evrodoskoy, plastic.Exterior colors mobile homes selected by RAL-catalog.The roof is usually made of corrugated board with a choice of colors, drawing.
After selecting the material, planning, are calculated:
- size of the house;
- heating system;
- eyeliner / connection of communications.
also take into account the type of finish front / internal improvement area.This is usually made design project interior design houses, consider the wishes of the future owner with respect to style.
addition can be designed fireplaces, pavilions, wells.For example, for heating the house can be used furnace stoves.Important for a two-storey villas in-house staircase , the design of which is chosen separately.
Step 2. Construction
When the project is ready, agreed upon, you can proceed directly to the construction of the cottages.If you plan to carry out this work yourself, you need to provide the necessary tools and technology.
When choosing the builder of specialized companies, you will need to purchase materials delivered to the site (if the service is not included in the service offered by the contractor), and subsequently to carry out regular monitoring of the progress of construction.
During the construction work carried out all projected:
- arrangement of the basement;
- floor installation;
- connection Communications: electricity, water supply, sewerage;
Holiday homes of aerated concrete
distribution of materials for the holiday home is aerated.The blocks, which have affordable price ($ 50 per cubic meter of material), different quality characteristics:
- ease.Due to low weight reduces the load on the foundation base, which saves the cost of the owner;
- sound insulation.The porosity of the material provides high noise reduction;
- improved insulation;
- presence of various sizes;
- ease of handling during installation;
build a cottage of a material can be inexpensive.If you need a structure where will reside in all seasons, while the need to provide additional insulation design.
IMPORTANT!Features manufacturing aerated imply the need for quality in the construction waterproofing.If you violate the technology, the units undergo rapid degradation due to accumulation of moisture inside the material.
$ Holiday homes priced
preliminary estimate of the projected cost of a country house will estimates - a document that includes all the necessary expenses:
- material resources;
- labor intensity;
- payment builders;
- transport costs, etc..
Expensive homes related to the size, selected materials.Cheaply you can build a cottage, for example, from a bar, SIP-panels or buy ready-made container house.
Thus, the cost of log cabins start at $ 200 per 1m2.Frame-panel cottage will cost from $ 100 per 1m2.Well, container house, say 3x4, you buy for $ 2,000 easily.