decorative facades and interior decoration today often are created with textured plaster.Textured plaster can be applied on mineral surfaces, and the insulation system.The versatility of the material does not end there.
- Types textured plaster
- Types plaster structure:
- types of plasters by type of binder:
- Textured decorative plaster: the scope of
- What plaster to choose: the dry mixture or the final?
- textured plaster application: how to make a right?
- textured plaster with your hands (PHOTO)
- VGT: textured plaster (VIDEO)
- Textured plaster walls with his own hands (VIDEO)
- Price textured plaster
- textured plaster: the price of works
Types textured plaster
necessary to distinguish textured plaster (they are structural) from lubricative.The appointment last - high build alignment walls under painting or papering a ceramic tile.In other words, obmazochnye
textured plaster equally good both for internal works (decoration of walls, ceilings and structural elements of the interior), and for outdoor works (textured facade plaster - a material impact-resistant and aesthetically pleasing).Their
separated by type of binder and also on the structure of the coating itself.
Types plaster structure:
- pitted (Reibeputs)
- coat (Rollputz);
- lamb (Kratzputs);
- plaster paint (Streichputs).
textured coating depends on the size and shape of the particulate filler used in the instrument and processing methods of applying the material.
types of plasters by type of binder:
Mineral plaster cement-based
is a dry mixture, which is necessary for the application of dilution with water.This type is used on almost all surfaces of mineral bases.A distinctive feature: a high vapor permeability, flammability is not material.Because of its efficient use of the outer insulation.
acrylic plaster, acrylic-based
Ready-to-use plaster - water-dispersion composition.It can be applied to all kinds of mineral substrates, and also on the old coating dispersion.This type of mineral plasters inferior in terms of water vapor permeability, but the stability of the climate it is better.
Silicate plaster with a basis to "liquid" potash glass
Ready-to-use composition.In addition to mineral substrates may be deposited on silicate coatings.This type of plasters characterized by high vapor permeability.Color options, however, are quite limited, and the material is much more expensive than acrylic plasters.Silicate plaster can be applied only over silicate primers.Repainting and repairing such coatings can only silicone or silicate materials.By Western standards, the use of this type of plaster is not allowed due to their relative toxicity.
silicone plaster on the basis of silicone resin
also ready to use.It is not material, and the "collection" of advantages: a plaster can be applied on all types of mineral substrates, as well as on the old coating dispersion;performance vapor permeability and water, soil release properties of the material is very high, this material - the most durable.A significant, but it is expected drawback: the high price.
Textured decorative plaster: the scope of
- silicate and silicone plaster used for facades subjected to high loads (old buildings, facades of houses, located in the maritime environment, decoration of buildings in industrial areas).
- mineral and acrylic plaster often used for interior decoration, while the outer finish they are not contraindicated.
What plaster to choose: the dry mixture or the final?
Price - the first factor is the choice of material.Dry mixes are cheaper acrylic, but whether they are a bargain as they seem at first sight?
Price, assure, should you be interested in almost the last.
addition to the cost of materials, not take into account:
- time and labor for the transportation of the material;
- the costs of painting and decorating;
- grain fraction of the material;
- material consumption per 1 m;
- drying time of the composition;
- cost and methods of tinting the surface;
- need for additional work.
Mineral plaster is difficult to store and transport of paper packaging (moisture sensitivity, possible rupture, inconvenience lifting the package).During storage, however, the dry mixture take place less than ready plaster.Plastic containers of acrylic plaster can be used repeatedly: the material is easy to transport (a pen), and does not require special storage conditions (moisture insensitive).
Score: 0: 1 in favor of acrylic plaster.
properly prepare the composition of the drywall is not easy because of the need to respect the rules of mixing the composition.Plus for batch takes more time and effort.And at a time you need to prepare as much mixture as you have time to put it up and handle point - "in reserve" drywall is not ready.If you have prepared more than necessary, you will lose in the stock material if you make less, take more time for cooking a new portion of the mixture.Not to mention the need to use special tools for mixing, of a capacity for preparing the composition and water in sufficient quantities.Here - Ready-mix point, no options.
Score: 0: 2 in favor of acrylic plaster.
As for grain, fine grain in mineral plasters do not release.A grain acrylic can have a size of 0.5 mm and up to 4 mm.With acrylic textured plaster figure easier to plan how and to control the flow of material.
Score: 0: 3 in favor of acrylic plaster.
mineral plasters, on average, takes about 3.8 kg / m², while the acrylic - only 1.2 kg / m² (based on every millimeter of the grain, ie grain 2 mm consumption is 24 kg / m²).
Score: 0: 4 in favor of acrylic plaster.
Mineral plasters completely frozen up to 28 days, and acrylic - for 7. Painting textured plaster, acrylic material if it is possible the next day, and cementcolor to be no earlier than a month!
Score: 0: 5 in favor of acrylic plasters.
often dry plaster - it is white material, have pastel colored stucco, but it is rather an exception.Tinting of plaster is problematic due to the high probability of error with the addition of caramel portion.This is an expensive and cumbersome process for dyeing plaster.For coloring dry mixture additionally buy a silicone primer and facade paint the desired color.Acrylic plasters are also available in white, but there may be zakolerovany manufacturer.
Score: 0: 6 in favor of acrylic plasters.
And the last point.Dry worse plaster adhere to the surface of the wall.Acrylic plaster is not require additional mandatory painting and adhesion to the base material they are much higher.
Score: 0: 7 in favor of the leader.
With a choice of textured plaster is more or less sorted out.Now let us consider how to apply textured plaster.
textured plaster application: how to make right?
technology applying textured plaster involves the following stages:
- work with the base (cleaning, preparation of plaster);
- applying texture to the surface;
- and, if necessary, painting plaster.
Before applying the plaster wall primer for better adhesion of materials.
IMPORTANT! Some types of textured plasters require application of the base layer, and on it has spread texture.For example, a method of applying Venetian plaster is as follows: a layer of plaster Veneto, behind him - up to 9 layers of textured plaster Marbella ENKAUSTO or Trevignano, each with different grain size and final type of coverage.
- steel trowel;
- porous sponge.
IMPORTANT!As described below technique applying plaster finished, the list does not include tools and capacity building mixer for mixing plaster.
Manufacturers recommend beginners not to take on more work, and do not rely only on the description of the work on the product label: some types of textured plaster, such as the same "Venetian" - a rather expensive and time-consuming work materials.To work with them need to go through special courses or attend master classes.
With textured plaster work is very interesting, because as a result you will not get any identical coverage.Conveniently invent new textures, causing the plaster on plasterboard: smooth coating perfectly absorbs moisture, has good tenacity with applied plaster and, most importantly, inexpensive.
The paper you can use any available means: stencils, trowels, textured rollers (roller application invoice is useful in working with large areas).Such "training" in the absence of a good studio room on the balcony: there and the light, and the air is sufficient, and not so scary if smudge wall or floor paint / plaster.
With regard to the process of applying plaster on the ceiling or wall surface, the technique is clearly visible in this photo, a lesson.
textured plaster with your hands (PHOTO)
walls before starting work and align shpaklyuyut.On dry, flat surface is applied 1-2 coats of primer and wait for the complete drying.Next, narrow trowel plaster is applied to the trowel.
IMPORTANT! Use a primer of the same brand that you acquire and textured plaster.For example, the company proposes to use a primer VGT VGT-Betonkontakt.The same goes for other materials used: decorative plaster painted color scheme better OLYMPUS Olympus system DEKART COLOR.
VGT: textured plaster (VIDEO)
first base layer set the tone for the future drawing surface.Movement trowel should be short and rounded.Each movement is performed in a new random direction.The general direction of the work on the surface - from left to right.Work from the bottom up or the top down - the choice is yours.Experience has shown that it is more convenient to move from the top left corner to the bottom right.
After plastering should be formed on the surface topography.The first textured layer dry for 8 hours.The second layer can be applied with a trowel the same as the first.Movement try to make short and intermittent, causing plaster crosswise.
Moving crosswise you make a pattern such as "Butterfly": holding a spatula in one direction you apply the material, and performing the other - removes excess.So you hide the relief of the first layer, but on the surface of the tread "marble" veins.On drying of the second layer (4 hours), the surface can be polished a little sandpaper-nulevkoy.Then you can apply a protective wax.It can be as transparent wax, and cover with a decorative effect: pearl, gold or silver shimmer.
for applying wax can also use a soft spatula.If you followed the previous layer "butterfly", then the wax is applied similarly.By drying the surface polish it using a woolen cloth.Finished plaster after the wax coating is no longer afraid of water and can be easily washed with soapy water without using cleaning agents.
Textured plaster walls with his own hands (VIDEO)
Price textured plaster
Cost textured plaster can be quite different depending on the type of texture created it.
example, buy Bolars plaster bark beetle can be for $ 14.6 / 25 kg, flexible decorative material to create a textured surface waves - for $ 42/7 kg, decorative plaster Dufay Kratzputs (ram) - for 76 $ / 25 kg, coverLAKRA Rollputz (coat) - costs only 21 $ / 25 kg and plaster OPTIMIST Mann - 30 $ / 25 kg.
textured plaster: the price of works
- in Moscow - from 285 rubles. / M²;
- in Kiev - from 69 UAH. / M².