frequent choice for ceiling work - drywall.Firstly, the material itself is inexpensive, and secondly, environmentally friendly and to work with him, having the step by step instructions and a minimum set of working tools, can anyone who has ever held a hammer.
To align the ceiling, as well as for the organization of single-level spotlight set ceilings, but the design for plasterboard ceiling is better to apply two-level, they can implement interesting solutions for the interior.
- Ceilings plasterboard duplex (PHOTO)
- plasterboard with their hands (two-tier): Brief Instructions
- Duplex plasterboard ceilings with lighting with his own hands (PHOTO)
- frame plasterboard ceiling: how to calculate thecomponents
- device wiring
- Duplex plasterboard with their hands: VIDEO
- $ Duplex plasterboard: the price issue
Ceilings plasterboard duplex (PHOTO)
plasterboard with their hands (two-tier): Brief Instructions
installation of ceiling plasterboard precedes uncomplicated preparations:
- you need to clear the room and repairable ensure free accessa ceiling over the entire area of its surface;
- clean the ceiling of the old coverings (wallpaper, plastic tiles and so on.);
- calculate the required amount of materials required for the ceiling of the project (sketches);
- before installing drywall constructions should perform electrical wiring for lighting.
Now, first things first.
ceiling Surface preparation is to remove the layer of old finish, and if necessary, close the cracks with putty ceiling.
calculation of necessary materials for the job can be executed automatically.Today the Internet for free access, you can not find a program that allows you a minute to get your hands full list of materials and their amounts.You only need to decide on the mounting scheme and end views of the ceiling (if the skills in making such schemes you do not, you can use one of the most common variants of the organization of two-level ceilings, which are listed below).
It's not all two-level scheme ceiling, however, production of frames - the most common case in the repair practice.
following are illustrative examples of what can be implemented in the interior design of the above-duplex scheme ceiling.
Duplex plasterboard ceilings with lighting with his own hands (PHOTO)
IMPORTANT! Measure the ceiling for calculating the amount of material can be manually.
frame plasterboard ceiling: how to calculate the components
We need the perimeter of the ceiling.When the parameters of the ceiling 5 to 3 m, the perimeter is equal to 16 m. This value is equivalent to the length of the guide profile UD.In organizing the two-level ceilings the perimeter doubled sincenecessary to mount not one but two guide loop.
IMPORTANT! Not every room is different for the same length of the wall.Cases when the parallel walls indoors rectangular shape are of different lengths.In the calculation of drywall constructions should take greater value lengths.
addition to the guide profile in the organization of the basis for fixing the GCR participates frame profile CD.Experts recommend steps to fix it with no more than 600 mm.Wherein the length of the splines can be calculated knowing the width of the room.In our example, it is 5000/600 = 8.3.Thus, we need about 8.5 bars Profile CD length of 3 m each.
Step installation frame profile must match the selected size of gypsum boards. Thus, the GCR discharged width of 600 to 1200 mm.Getting the installation, make sure that the edges of the drywall went strictly on the profile.
After calculating the number of bars of the frame profile, proceed to the calculation of the direct ceiling hangers system.On direct hangers are attached straps.Note that the step of fastening the hangers must also be up to 600 mm, and the walls of hangers along the guide mounted no more than 300 mm from the wall.We expect the number of suspensions: (3 000/600) * 8 = 40 (pieces).
IMPORTANT! Because Trey ceilings - quite weighty construction, to further enhance the framework necessary to set the jumpers on the main carcass profiles, as well as put them special connectors - crabs.
number of crabs can be calculated, knowing the step of fastening of connectors (600-650 mm).Calculation: (3 000/600) * 8 = 40 (crabs).
So we have 5 rows of jumpers length of 5 000 mm.
IMPORTANT! Note that the offset from the wall for the installation of the first jumpers and crabs should be based on the size of the second level.That is, if the width of the second-tier brand ceiling - 500 mm, and you plan to put a hidden lighting, the first and last place you need a jumper, retreating to 400 mm from the wall.
This calculation of the ceiling of the first level is over.
The second level is calculated somewhat easier.So, to set the jumpers, you will need 18 pieces CD profile length of 400 mm each, as well as 4 of the profile length 1000 mm for the organization of the corner joints.To attach jumper the second level required 22 suspension.
This design will be strong only if you need to install the rack profile CD (in them will also be fixed vertical sheets of plasterboard, hiding island design).Racks should be equal to as much as and jumpers.In our case - 22 pcs.
number of sheets of drywall calculated last.To calculate the value of the area, you will need two levels of the ceiling, taking into account the area of the second-level rise.Knowing the standard parameters plasterboard sheets or gypsum plasterboard (e.g., sheet 2 500/1 200 / 9.5 mm) to calculate the area of one sheet, and accordingly, the number of sheets of plasterboard.
First, draw a diagram and define the meta-ceiling recessed ceiling lights.After that, make a calculation of the power consumed by all the lighting equipment, as well as the length of the wires to connect them to the network.
Based on the data you will need to purchase the appropriate section of the wire, corrugated, mounting box / cable channel.The advantage of the corrugations in this case is that it is easily possible to transfer through the entire structure of the ceiling directly, and cable channel box and will have to be attached to the walls along the perimeter of the ceiling.
The work you may need:
- dowels and screws for attaching the structure to the walls and ceiling (6x40 mm, 6h60 mm in steps of mounting up to 300 mm);
- self-tapping screws of type LN 9, LN 11 / LB 9, LB 11 for connections suspensions and profiles, crabs and profiles;
- screws MN 25 and MN 30 to carry sheets of drywall fasteners (mounting pitch up to 250 mm).
IMPORTANT!When attaching crabs need to use 4 screws and connections for suspensions and profiles - 2 screws per bracket.
this stage - preparatory, but is no less important than the process of installation. Proper installation, in fact, is impossible without the correct calculations.
about how to make a two-level ceiling of plasterboard with their hands will be discussed in one of the following materials.
Duplex plasterboard with their hands: VIDEO
$ Duplex plasterboard: the price issue
If, after reading this material, you decide that this kind of work for you is difficult, refer to the masters.The work of skilled craftsmen is cheaper than reworking incorrectly mounted ceiling.
- in Moscow - from 380-450 rubles. / M² (depending on the type of construction);
- in Kiev - from 65 UAH. / M² (depending on the type of construction).