The article presents TM VOLMA plaster, KNAUF and TEPLON, reviewed the technical characteristics of the material and given master classes for working with Plaster of these manufacturers.
- White plaster TEPLON
- Application material:
- composition plaster:
- Stucco: material characteristics
- advantages of plaster:
- grounds on which you can work with stucco:
- Application plaster
- How to make a base for plaster work?
- How to dissolve the mixture?
- How dry plaster?
- How to plaster the walls with his own hands?
- How to work with a spatula?
- As plaster stucco layer of 50 mm?
- How to use the rule?
- Appointment polishing and smoothing: why is it necessary?
- Gypsum plaster machine application: what is it?
- gypsum plaster or cement: Which is better?
- Stucco: VIDEO
If we consider the standards of construction and decoration of 50 years ago, we see a number of advantages over modern technology.For example, lime plaster, which was previously made to cover the walls, to create a favorabl
Gypsum plaster walls provide a breathable space and gradually lead the moisture level apartment in order.In the rooms, the walls are covered with stucco, even sleeps better!
White plaster TEPLON
On the properties and application of plaster is better to tell a concrete example.Why TEPLON?This high-quality material medium price range, try to work with that can not only master, but also beginners.
TEPLON (production UNIS) - a lightweight plaster with perlite, greatly facilitates the weight of the mixture, at the same time giving it insulating properties.This plaster can be removed profound irregularities of the walls, without impacting the ground.
Plaster White TEPLON allowed to use in repair work in medical and children's institutions - an environmentally friendly material.Because the question of whether this is harmful plaster, the answer is clear: of course not!
properties mentioned above plaster and moisture vapor to pass as the coating prevents defeat of microorganisms (mold, fungi, algae).
- plasters for interior works;
- possible continuous or partial alignment of the walls;
- can be applied to the ceiling;
- on TEPLON subsequently applied decorative finishing - can be glued wallpaper, painted walls or prepare the ground under the tiles.
- small fraction filler;
- chemical additives.
Stucco: material characteristics
- temperature of the work - from +5 to + 30 ° C;
- permissible layer thickness (without reinforcement mesh) - 5-50 mm;
- divorce - per 1 kg of dry mixture has to 0.45-0.55 liters of water;
- flow plaster to 1 m (thickness 10 mm) - 8.5 kg;
- primary drying time of the solution - 50 min .;
- end of the plaster setting - up to 180 min .;
- complete drying of the layer (layer thickness 10 mm) - 5-7 days;
- thermal conductivity - 0.23 W / m * C.
advantages of plaster:
- Decorating walls without reinforcement mesh is allowed on the layer thickness of 5 to 50 mm, filling holes layer thickness can be increased to 70 mm.On the ceiling can apply a layer of up to 30 mm thick.
- This is an environmentally friendly material with a high vapor permeability and low thermal conductivity.
- in this class of materials - one of the most efficient in terms of the mixture for 1 m².
- With the technology of the application does not shrink or crack.
- Ready solution is flexible, because working with them easier and faster.
- surface for drying putty is not necessary.
grounds on which you can work with stucco:
Plaster can be applied to concrete, foam on for gypsum, sand-cement base, masonry, as well as any other non-deformable base.
regard to the use, the gypsum-based plaster is easy to handle.Below we will try to give detailed answers to the most common questions about this process.
How to make a base for plaster work?
First, remove the old coating of wall or ceiling and wall of the clean oily dirt, dust and debris.
Align base, chips or jammed pieces of protruding.If you notice on the wall surface of strong depressions (20 mm), applying a mixture of "TEPLON" to align them mandatory (can come and grout "Plaster").Before marriage wipe and clean coating of dust and other contaminants that could interfere with adhesion.
Before plastering need to wait at least 2 hours.
Before working with plaster base was also coated with a primer to improve adhesion (product from the manufacturer - primers UNIS, laid in two layers).When it comes to working with uneven or strongly absorbing moisture bases, the primer must be put in several layers (applicable for gas concrete, plasterboard, etc. Surfaces).Water-resistant surface can also be covered with a special primer, allowing the plaster base and best mate.
IMPORTANT! stucco work on a tree can not be: the material does not adhere.Although members of the forum have shown responses: our brother, and found a way out of this situation by covering the walls Betonkontaktom.Although, I confess, the way risky.
How to dilute the mixture?
dry mixture is poured water in a ratio of 0.45-0.55 l per 1 kg of plaster and stirred for 1-3 minutes.Stir convenient mechanized using a special mixer construction.After stirring the mixture must let stand for about 5 minutes, then re-mix.
Another important point: the need to adhere to the order of mixing the "dry-blend the water."The mixture does not require any reinforcing additives, for the ingredients in gypsum plaster should be only two: water and the contents of the bag.
IMPORTANT!Excess water or her loss, not recommended by the manufacturer of impurities and application technology - the reasons why cracked plaster or spreads.Be careful when performing work, and strictly follow the instructions.
on the floor before the beginning of plaster works best to lay a polyethylene film.
How dry plaster?
This question has several answers, depending on what exactly you mean:
- there is time to pour the solution in the tank - 50 minutes;
- how much time will pass before the plaster grabs on touch - from 50 to 180 minutes;
- as you need to wait until the complete drying of the applied plaster - from 5 to 7 days.
How to plaster the walls with his own hands?
plaster walls on the standards should be performed using the beacons.Lighthouses, metal rails of up to 3 meters, installed at a distance of 1.2 m from each other, depending on the length of the rules - another binding instrument.
IMPORTANT! Beginners usually recommend using 1.5 m long, lighthouses, respectively, to set the width of 1.2-1.3 m.
Initially, extreme beacons installed at a distance of 30 cm from the adjacent wall, then it is equidistantestablish intermediate beacons.To the wall of the guide rail is attached to the marked vertical alabaster (the manufacturer recommends the use of plaster "TEPLON").The composition is applied to the wall in steps of 15-20 cm and utaplivajut it lighthouses, focusing on the level of (important level, which will run finishing surface).The fixing composition is usually hardens within 3 hours (alabaster - after 20 minutes).
How to work with a spatula?
When plastering the walls, you can use a spatula or trowel.The prepared solution is not more than half an hour to be deposited on a working surface by spraying composition (high density application) from the bottom upwards.When spraying a layer of plaster should slightly exceed the level of lighthouses.
for completing the entire wall section (recommended for beginners to start with filling a gap between the lighthouses) with a slight excess pressure is removed the rule applied by the lighthouse.
indentations filled with a solution within 50 minutes after the application of the composition of the wall.Excess material is removed again rule.
resulting smooth surface is suitable only for drying under tiles (for wallpapering wall should be naglyantsovana).
layer applied on the wall no more than 50 mm thick, with filling holes - 70 mm.
on the ceiling technologically correctly applied no more than 30 mm mortar.
As plaster stucco layer of 50 mm?
If the surface height difference of more than 50 mm, pre-align wall plaster mix "Teplon" putting it in several layers, and each layer of paving plaster grid.Lighthouses stand when it is not needed.
IMPORTANT! plaster mesh cross-shaped grooves can be replaced with fresh plaster.They are applied with a notched trowel or comb.
thickness equalization shall not exceed 30 mm.Each subsequent layer of plaster is applied only after drying of the previous layer and the primer.
How to use the rule?
cons of working to rule - is excessive zeal and haste.In operation, it is important to rule pinch rail, otherwise on the wall surface will be formed recess.Clamp rail should fall on the location of the beacon under the rule.
leveling plastered surface smooth, but confident movements from the bottom up and arched.
Appointment polishing and smoothing: why is it necessary?
Smoothing and polishing its surface drying ensure a perfectly flat surface, ready to continue the repair work in the room.Depending on the thickness of the layer of plaster, after 90-120 minutes after the finish trim plastered surface is moistened with water and rub clean sponge float.Speaking at the surface of the walls plaster walls milk redress.
it is convenient to use a spatula or trowel.
After 5-7 days, once the surface has dried completely, it can be painted or wallpaper paste over.
Gypsum plaster machine application: what is it?
It's the same material (spread costs rarely exceed $ 1.5 in favor of the machine plaster) for the application of mechanized.For outdoor applications - the way irreplaceable!Agree, exterior trim or trim large areas indoors would last much longer if done manually.Gypsum machine plaster on the street is not used - only suitable for interior decoration and is worth about $ 7.6-8.9 / 30 kg of dry mixture.
gypsum plaster or cement: Which is better?
water vapor permeability of the cement plaster - 0.09 mg / mchPa, in plaster - 0,11-0,14 mg / mchPa.It is virtually identical results.When decorating the walls, it is important to know the ratio of water vapor permeability of the base material, for example, water vapor permeability rakushnyaka - 0.10-0.12 mg / mchPa because use of stucco rakushnyaka can safely.
What plaster better - a question whose answer depends on several factors:
When comparing different types of plasters mistake to look only at the price and the weight of the package.The fact that the weight of the cement mixture is almost two times higher than gypsum.Consequently, the consumption of the mixture for 1 m² will be different: for example, gypsum plaster on average pulls 9-10 kg / m², and cement - up to 20 kg / m².And now the price.
price exceeds the price of gypsum plasters cement mixture is almost 1.5 times than deters uninformed buyers.As a result, the same is not the same at first glance, cheap plaster is actually only slightly more economical cement.
- need for surface finishing putty;
Gypsum plaster, unlike cement, with good stacking requires fillings.
- pot life;
so-called "viability", iesetting time, these coatings are different: cement plaster hardens in the bucket for 2 hours, and gypsum - and a half.Iestucco often need to mix smaller portions.
And finally, the last determining factor:
- spot coating.
Gypsum plaster is not suitable for wet areas, ieThe bathroom can only use cement mixture.No waterproofing plaster will not save from spreading.
Now you know the difference between a plaster of cement, plaster and what to choose - your own business.
works on application Price:
- in Moscow - from 175 rubles. / M²;
- in Kiev - from 45 UAH. / M².