Ceilings plasterboard today - the most convenient and easy way to create in their apartment or house unique design.With this material, design features have been enhanced in the extreme.
- calculation of the ceiling of plasterboard
- main part of the settlement
- Consider a specific example
- Arrangement ceiling plasterboard
- $ plasterboard ceilings.Prices
- drawings and sketches mounting ceiling
- plasterboard with their hands.Video
Sew apartment ceiling plasterboard - the easiest option. ceiling can be done at several levels, decorating not only a different color, but a combination of lighting, as well as by the drywall constructions.
In addition, a variety of design all kinds of bits - for example, elements of the ceilings (see below photo).
If you wish, you can decorate the ceiling of plasterboard running clouds, sun, fairytale castle or dragon of the same material.Or may restrict the curvilinear designs or simple geometric shapes.
With well-placed lighting, you can make a starry sky on the ceiling or make it "float" (the effect is achieved with the help of LED strips or lamps, hidden in the ledges, niches along the perimeter of the ceiling, or on one of the layers).
ceilings of plasterboard have a sound-insulating properties.
They provide an opportunity to diversify the lighting system the apartment, hide the flaws of the ceiling or the same communication (wire or tube).
Ceilings of plasterboard is not so complicated to install to this matter could not handle not the most prepared and trained in the repair man.But some skills are still needed, and know the nuances of the installation of the ceiling is.
calculation of the ceiling of plasterboard
Before work begins, of course, you need to calculate the ceiling of plasterboard.
We will start the project with a single-level ceiling.It is the most simple and accessible for beginners Stroymaster.Later, if you go, you will be able to delve into the more complex designs.But to start, you will agree, it is better from the beginning.At the end of the article you can see drawings and sketches options drywall ceiling.
Before you begin, let us recall a few nuances of the ceiling.
First, look at the height of the ceiling over his head.Now imagine how many centimeters you are willing to sacrifice in the name of art?So, offhand to install spotlights need at least 10 cm of space. If you are going to hide in a "double bottom" of your ceiling ventilation ducts, electrical wiring or pipes, then even more.
Next, do not forget to invite a trusted friend for rack mounting.Since the sheets of drywall seriously harder fluff, the need to work at least two.As a last resort, you can rent a drywall lift.Note that the standard sizes of drywall from the company Knauf - 2500h1200h12,5 mm, which is three square meters.The weight of the sheet of drywall is about 29 kg.
once armed with the necessary tools - electric drill, spirit level (2-2.5 m) hammer, a hammer, a tool for plastering and metal shears.
main part of the settlement
First, calculate the amount of material.To do this, we measure the length and width of the room in which you plan to install the ceiling.It is imperative to measure all four sides of the room.If the dimensions of the walls, located opposite each other, are not identical, it adopts the width and length of which is greater.
What materials but, in fact, drywall, we all need?For metal frame we need:
- rack profile 60 * 27
- guide profile 27 * 28 suspension
- suspension "crab" (if the width of the room is greater than 3 m)
- screws 3.5 * 11 (for mountingprofiles to each other)
- plugs with screw 8 * 80 (for direct mounting in the concrete ceiling hangers) or wood screws 4 * 60 (if the ceiling is wooden)
Consider a specific example
Take a standard room 3 * 6 meters.Driving calculations.
Rack Profile - divide the length of the room in meters by 0.6 and subtract from the private 1. In this case: (6 / 0.6) -1 = 9 pieces.In addition, we need additional profiles to reinforce the frame.Again, we consider the number of rack profiles.To do this, divide the width of the room now, and subtract 0.6 from the private 1. Example: (3 / 0.6) -1 = 4. The first result is increased by one (1 + 9 = 10), multiplied by the result of the second calculation (10 * 4 = 40), the resulting number is multiplied by 0.6 (0.6 * 40 = 24) and, finally, divide the result by 3 (the length of the profile).We get the 24/3 = 8 pieces.That is the total number of metal sheets 60 * 27 we will - 9 + 8 = 17 pieces.
Now count the guide profile.Calculate the perimeter of the room and divide the result by the length of the profile (3 m).the result is rounded to the nearest whole.((3 + 6) * 2) / 3 = 6 pieces - the number of the profile 27 * 28, for installation of a suspended ceiling.But, it is better to acquire profiles 9 and not 6, as needed are additional profiles.
We proceed to direct suspension.Divide the width of the room 0.5 (3 / 0.5 = 6) and multiply the result by the number of profiles 60 * 27 in the first calculation, that is, 9. Total obtain: 6 * 9 = 54 pieces.
Finally, calculate how much you will need for this ceiling sheets of drywall.So, sheet size 2.5 x 1.2 meters.This means that the length of our imaginary room intervenes exactly five sheets (6 / 1.2 = 5).However, the width of half a meter longer than the length of drywall.It turns out that we need 5 more pieces of half a meter (one sheet).As a result, we need 6 GCR.
now take a self-adhesive mesh serpyanku grout between the sheets GCR and undertake to consider how much we will need screws and dowels, screws.
Arrangement ceiling plasterboard
We analyze circuit mounting frame for our future ceiling.
Thus, the framework:
need to frame a preliminary layout.It can be done using gidrourovnya or building level.Around the perimeter of the room to mark up the wall mounting rails profiles.
now have a smooth line around the perimeter of the room.Take the guide profile and secured to the wall with screws, dowels 8 * 80 (if the walls are made of concrete or brick), or self-tapping screws 3.5 (or 4) * 60 (if the walls are made of wood).Fix the profile of every two feet.
Now fasten the profile 60 * 27.Since the width of the imaginary room room coincides with the length of the profile (3 m), the profile does not need to cut or increase.We note from the wall 0.6 meters and is attached to the steering rack profile "bugs" -samorezami on both sides.And so the entire length of the room.Try to keep away from the wall to the middle of the second profile 60 * 27, was severely 1.2 meters - the edges of two adjacent sheets of drywall should be attached to a single profile frame.
further align direct hangers rack profile.To do this, we mark up the space for mounting hangers and bend the straight suspension so as to obtain the letter P. After that, make a mark on the profile of 60 * 27 in locations where it will be mounted suspension intervals of 0.4 meters.With a direct suspension attachment points mark up all over the ceiling.
Turn off rack profile and moves it aside (for the convenience of mounting suspensions).Suspensions fasten dowel-screws (wood screws).On one hanger - 2 screw.Then, using a level leveling profile and fastened it to the level of suspension on both sides "bugs."One suspension will take approximately 4 screws.
Now for hardening suspension system.We connect the two neighboring profile 60 * 27 crossbar.To take the suffering rack crossbars profile.Please fasten lengths of 0.1 meters from the guide profile facing each other to the end of the rack profile "bugs" (2 pieces per portion).Then insert them into the prepared cross.Sleepers are made every 0.6 meters.The frame is ready.
Now fasten sheets of GCR to the frame with screws 3.5 * 25 (32) with a fine thread.It is advised to take the screws out of the black oxidized metal.On one sheet of drywall will have 100 self-tapping screws.
resulting ceiling gruntuem universal primer (Ceresit or Knauf).When the primer is dry, sticking serpyanku on the joints between the slabs of drywall and ceiling shpaklyuem putty manufacturers Knauf, Eunice, or miners.
are reading: How to make a frame for plasterboard
$ plasterboard ceilings.Prices
How much will cost us plasterboard ceilings?Prices will vary depending on the region, from yourself whether you will perform repair or gonna call the professionals and the chosen materials.
As for the cost of the works themselves, in Kiev for 1 sq.m.take 50-80 USD, in Moscow - from 420 rubles.
How much material?
According to the materials, from the most costly.Conventional sheets of drywall Knauf cost from 190 rubles.Unit in Moscow, from 45 UAH.per unit in Kiev.
Profiles average of 13-15 USD per unit in Kiev, and 30 rubles.Unit in Moscow.
drawings and sketches of mounting ceiling
plasterboard with their hands.Video