- Strip foundation
- pier foundation
- pile foundation screw type
- bored pile foundation types
- repair the foundation of wooden houses
- Replacement foundation
build a foundation forthe future of a wooden house can be of different types.Initially determines the type of soil, the depth of finding groundwater.Considering the size of the planned house, its functional load.
There are 3 basic types of foundation, which can be used in the construction of houses built of wood:
- monolithic belt;
- simple columnar;
- reliable pile: screw, bored;
often used convenient, less costly design of shallow emplacement.Conditions that allow it to build the type of foundation base tape are:
- weak heaving soils;
- finding groundwater depth of 1m or more from the surface.
Strip foundation gets hard, "floating" design that can at deep freezing endure lifting / lowering of the soil.
Typically, the depth of trenches up to 0.7m.Sand filled na20-40sm.The rest of the space occupied by a reinforced concrete monolith.
pier foundation is used for the construction of a small construction sizes 4x3, 3x3.It should be borne in mind that it is impossible to equip the pier foundation on unstable, heaving soils.
design - small columns made of stone, concrete, bricks with an edge to 0.4 m.Installed on the perimeter columns erected log step 2m.Also the bars should be at the supporting wall, the partitions in place built intersections.
Pits bars ransacked by such a volume of 0,125m3.Then stuffed with gravel.
pile foundation screw type
can set for the homes of different sizes, in different soil types in the complex terrain.
Steel piles are the foundation of the structure.At the end of each pile has a special screw that can effectively twist foundation successfully reaching a dense soil layer.
Screw the piles can be manually, you can use special equipment.The load on the pile can reach up to 8m.
bored pile foundation type
based on this foundation - asbestos cement pipes are inserted inside respective darmatura, is filled with concrete.
installation of the foundation is carried out by drilling wells podsvaynyh, subsequent installation of a viscous reinforcing cage, the following compound is poured concrete.
Suitable arrangement of this type of foundation for the soft ground, two-storey houses.
repair the foundation of wooden houses
repair dilapidated, destroyed the foundation operated wooden house is quite complicated.You may need:
- replacing foundation in whole or part;
- raising foundation;
It is advisable to carry out this event, if the house itself, senna, the roof is still in good suitable for posleremontnogo residence condition.
changing technology foundation begins with the need to raise at home.Wizards use special jacks.
under set jacks enclose massive timbers, chocks, bricks, planks.Himself jack is mounted on a strong, sufficient base area at both corners of the house.Distance from corners taken at 0.5m.
Raise the house in stages with the fixation.How to raise a house repaired?It should at the same time raise the design on 1,5-2sm at a time, underlay boards, boards.Then carry out a further lifting with the same intervals.
Rose 1 side of the house, start lifting his second hand.
When the boom is over, the house is securely fixed, repaired the foundation, the base of the breakdown of the old, the new equipment according to the selected technology.
choosing a repair base, you decide how to strengthen the new design.
correctly and safely underpin wooden house, you can, using the appropriate jacks using mandatory temporary fixation reliable material, using everything for the new base-quality raw materials.
After the necessary repairs, the house also gradually lowered.
IMPORTANT! Before lowering the need to perform a new foundation waterproofing.Lower crowns repaired dilapidated houses to be replaced.