ennoble territory from a country house to lay the paving slabs.Of all the methods for today (laying asphalt, concrete slabs, pavers and other types), this can be done by yourself in a short time and at a lower cost for materials.
- Laying of paving slabs with their hands: how to start?
- Preparation for laying
- Technology laying paving slabs
- VIDEO: Laying of paving slabs (mechanized)
- Laying of paving slabs with their hands: VIDEO
- $ cost of tile paving
Laying of paving slabs with their hands: aWhere to start?
What is so beneficial paving slabs?
Firstly, the guaranteed lifetime of the tiles in the correct installation and minor annual repairs can be up to 15 years!
Secondly, the cost of the tiles is around $ 5-7 / m and depends on the shape, texture and color of the tiles.This affordable cost.
Preparing for the stowage
- mark up the site for alleged tiling (when working with several types of tiles you need traced the scheme laying sincelay out drawing or verify the initial design to the result will not be possible without it);
- to prepare the base for laying tiles remove old paint and removed the sod about 15 cm (to work with the land at this stage you do not need special equipment will be sufficient and garden shovel);
- plan the placement of waste water (a certain amount of water will go into the soil through the cracks between the tiles, but sinks at the edges of the organization is obligatory);
- mark a section using stakes between which the pull cord to the desired level from the ground (this is a landmark installation height).
Technology laying paving slabs
when working with small areas can cope on their own.But if you have to oblitsevat about 150 m² and more professional help you just need!
After organizing bases (stacking clearance space) around the perimeter of laying sand is poured in a height of about 5-7 cm, and it is wetted with water from a hose, so that on the surface of the sand were not formed deep wells.
When the work during the warm season, the 2-3 hours you can begin to tamper surface and rolling of her alignment.These works are usually produced using special equipment, but they can perform, and the means at hand.
Prepare a dry sand-cement mixture (in a ratio of 3 to 1), which is then poured onto the sand to a height of 3-4 cm (height adjustment and evenly distributing the mixture ofSand the surface you can use a rake).
IMPORTANT! dry mixture align with two stacked tubes are held on the surface of the building level.
technology involves laying paving slabs laying on top of the curb.A bar is also spread in the direction away from you, do not intercede in the mixture.
laid tiles tamped heavy wooden mallet.
Laying the tiles after each number is verified level.There are variations of leveling laying paving slabs, in which the horizontal lowered by removing some sand underside of a particular tile or fill up the sand in order to raise the level a bit.
When laying tiles curly can not do without cutting machine, which uses a special knife tiled or Bulgarian.
Border for paving slabs can be a traditional stone, and as a backup from the lawn, which is in the process of laying tile hide the extreme height of the adjacent row.
rules curb stone installation:
- special Dig ditches on both sides of the place of laying paving slabs.
- ditch on 10-15cm covered with sand, which is poured concrete pad (from M-100), and set on a concrete foundation board stone.
IMPORTANT! Installation instructions paving slabs permits the installation of curbs on the concrete at any stage: before laying tiles or afterwards.
Upon completion laying the joints between the tiles to be filled based on the dry mixture of sand and cement, masonry moisten and, if necessary, to repeat the operation for a full grout mixture.
mixture can be applied with a special brush (it is convenient and sweep away the excess).
IMPORTANT! the winter to clean the tiles you can not use a metal tool.This cleaning ice or snow may cause deformation of the surface.It is better to use a special "snow" shovel with a plastic nozzle.
addition to manual installation, there is also a mechanized stacking, involves the use of special machines for laying tiles.The principle of operation of this machine: tiled canvas spread on the conveyor machines, where it is, after the launch of the device is applied to any type of prepared base.As a result, you get a flat paving tiles with smaller gaps, rammed firmly into the ground and laid without the use of physical force.
When working with large areas of this machine is indispensable: neither the old town or modern city when replacing tiles on the sidewalks without it can not do.
VIDEO: Laying of paving slabs (mechanized)
Laying of paving slabs with their hands: VIDEO
$ cost of laying paving slabs
Services wizard for laying paving tiles will cost around 10-12 $ / m².At the same time, for large volumes of work it is recommended to sign a contract to perform in accordance with SNIP and construction standards, and payment should also be specified and estimated the timing of tasks.
When referring to a particular master / construction company you are entitled to claim to provide you with samples of work performed by contractors data.
How much is laying paving slabs:
- removal of old coatings - from $ 5 / m;
- preparation of concrete areas - from $ 10 / m;
- compaction on a sand substrate - from 14 $ / m²;
- installation of curbs - from 3 $ / m²;
- installing drainage systems - from 2.5 $ / m².
Kiev - from 80-120 UAH. / M²;
Moscow - from 380-450 rub. / M.