Laying tiles on the floor - one of the most expensive repairs.
Of course, if you asked for help from knowledgeable master, such costs are justified.Because of the high cost of high-quality facing material and wage repairmen someone chooses to try to lay the tiles yourself.
- laying floor tiles: the preparatory process
- Options tile floor
- technology laying tile on the floor
- laying ceramic tiles on the floor
- Laying tiles on a wooden floor
- Bathroom.Laying tiles VIDEO
- laying tile on the floor, as well as other kinds of tiles
- Laying tiles on the floor.VIDEO
- $ price / value
laying floor tiles: the preparatory process
work and, though time-consuming.However, provided accurately and precisely follow the instructions to deal with it everyone can.
First, measure the area of the surface to be lined.For more accurate results instead of the usual roulette need to use a laser measurer.We are interested in the length and width of the room: The measurements were performed on
Second, come to mind, the choice of tile: laying floor tiles in the hallway technology will be largely similar to the laying of tiles in the toilet (often laid on the polystyrene foam for greater thermal insulation. See article: laying tiles on floor heating) orkitchen, but the choice of material for the different rooms of flooring must also be different.
is important to consider not only the color or size, but such specifications are:
The higher the index, the less susceptible to abrasion tiles. This parameter is adjusted depending on the intensity of use of the floor, for example, if you go in the room mostly barefoot, it will be enough and I-grade abrasion, but the laying of the tiles on the bathroom floor would require a minimum of II-class.Laying tiles on the floor in the kitchen - is the III-rd or IV-grade abrasion.
- slip resistance;
This indicator is referred to as R 9-R 13 (see. Photo).Slip resistance is provided by relief tiles, convex ornament on the whole front surface or on a piece of tile.
- thermal stability;
This option is especially important for kitchen flooring.Poor quality stuff for the kitchen floor is not able to withstand a drop of hot oil: in contact with such tiles can not withstand stress and break.
- resistance to chemical agents;
- water absorption;
pattern tile should be selected in the style of the interior the entire premises, with the option tile (of which we describe below).
for public spaces better use granite instead of conventional ceramics, aswear resistance at the porcelain is much higher.
In any case - whether you pay for services tiler or choose to perform the work with their own hands - a marriage of the material is still inevitable, but because the tiles with a stock worth buying.Besides tiles may be useful to replace damaged tiles during the operation floor.
When choosing tiles guided by the proposals brands: Aparici (Spain), Cersanit (Poland), Peronda (Spain), Sadon (Italy), Terranova (Spain).Prices in these manufacturers meet the quality of the material.Certified shopping will save you from frustration and emergency replacement of worn cheap flooring.Moreover, systematic catalogs of these brands will help you to quickly find proper really a quality cover.
From domestic producers can be considered variants of the tiles from the company Jade, Pottery, Volgograd ceramic plant Gazkeramiki and products TM Falcon.
Third, be sure to perform the work you have everything you need.
- tile adhesive;
- diamond needle file (for cutting out holes for pipes and other slots);
- damp sponge;
- depth gauge;
- paint cord;
- plastic crosses;
Options tile floor
Before tiling, you must choose a method of laying tiles, and try to spread the tiles on the floor without fixing structure - see how the final result will look like and, if necessary, take the time to changework plan or adjust design placement.
basic method.It does not imply the use of tiles or tiles with a pattern of irregular shape.The most commonly used tiles larger for easier operation.
Basic styling "at an angle" (diagonal).For laying tiles in such a way you can not do without Tile.Bias line laying tiles in this case can significantly reduce the visibility of uneven walls.
Laying tiles "in the Extension."Laying the tiles in this way always starts from the center of the room.For this method the standard square tiles do not fit - you need to use a rectangular.
«Chess».Two-color image can brighten a room, but the color and size of the tiles should pick up gently to the floor as a result did not look nalyapisto or rippled.The same pattern can be laid at an angle.
Laying tiles "lines."Involves the use of multiple colors of tiles stacked in parallel or perpendicular to each other.
«carpet."The central part of the perimeter of the floor and decorative tiles are made by simulating patterned carpet.
«Ornament".The method, involving creative in thinking through the design of floor covering.With a variety of building and finishing materials, you can put any ornaments on the floor.
«Kaleidoscope".It involves the use of two or more colors in the design of the floor.The method consists in an orderly or chaotic laying tiles of different colors.
technology laying tile on the floor
So, you have all the necessary tools and materials you bought a suitable premises for the tile and chose her styling.Now, to determine the order which technology installation for you.
tiling methods do not differ particularly diverse - there are only two options:
- seamless styling;
- laying open seam.
Option laying tile on the floor without seams involves laying back to back. So you can emphasize the continuity of the surface, as well as significantly speed up the process of installation.However, the surface after installation in this manner becomes too hard, for example, that shrinkage of a new house can cause bloating of the tile.In addition, achieve perfectly straight lines, especially novice tiler, it will be difficult.
second option (laying open seam) is more common. tile is laid with a distance of a few millimeters, the evenness of the lines and the spacing between tiles is regulated thanks to the plastic cross level, a wooden rail.Sutures are then overwritten with a special paste.
Earlier we wrote that before any work is spread out on the floor tiles.This stage is important in determining the future course of work (counting the floor performed with any method of laying tiles).To begin with you need to markup the most prominent corner of the room.So you will know better how and how many tiles need to be cut in a stack alternately, etc.
laying ceramic tiles on the floor
laying floor tile begins with issuing beacons - landmarks that help lay the tiles evenly.In a small room as a beacon, you can use the four extreme tiles "prisazhennye" on plaster solution: put the base tile, and from it, using the level - the second, etc.
Large areas require issuing intermediate beacons - Power-prichalok or any similar methods.You can also use the control rack of the two wooden bars.
cement-sand mortar for laying is prepared in a ratio of 1: 3-1: 4, ie,One fraction 3-4 have cement sand fraction.Water is added based on the manufacturer's recommendations (on the packaging of cement).
solution should be prepared in batches.Otherwise, you may not have time to spend the whole mixture is cooked until it solidification.
Council. Professionals harvest securing part of the calculation of a maximum of three rows of tiles.You can start with a number.
If you are not using a cement foundation and the adhesive composition, instruction and advice on how to prepare and use is also included on all packaging.
you the technological characteristics of the adhesive KNAUF (Germany):
Standard technology laying tile on the floor:
WARNING! surface of the floor have to be primed!
As previously lined lines laying on the floor, from the far corner of the room a trowel or spatula distribute a portion of the adhesive solution.
recommend beginners initially applied composition is not more than 1 m.
Over adhesive lay the tile, rattling of her trowel handle for better shrinkage (in the case of using the adhesive composition can simply press down strongly with his hands).
when putting on the floor the adhesive composition can not lubricate the base and the tiles, thus covering at least 70% of the surface area of the material.There is an option and bilateral adhesive coating composition, but it is used only in the case where the back of the tile has a relief surface. excess glue can lead to rupture of the surface.Because the adhesive composition is optimally applied with a notched trowel.
Council. teeth trowel used must be twice the thickness of the layer.
To date, cost and performance is the best choice - glue Ceresit CM 17 (in the series also have options glue SM 11, SM 12, SM 14 and SM 15, differing by type of appointment and the degree of adhesion).
In the method of laying open seam, seams note plastic crosses.
solution, speaking between the tiles, clean with a damp cloth.
If necessary, cut tiles can be used forceps, glass cutter, kafelerez, grinders, or "old-fashioned" way scrap tiles - laying tiles on a nail.
When laying the tiles you have to constantly monitor the level of the floor and the evenness of packing, using a wooden rail, lighthouses and level.
To begin grouting only one day after laying tiles.On fresh sex can not walk or expose it to the surface any more stress for 24 hours.
Council. When choosing a color grout note that the tone of the grout on the tile after drying may change somewhat.
better to stop the choice on grouting Ceresit and Sopro.At a cost, and the wide range of indicators of sustainable products manufacturer data is has no equal.
Grout is applied with a rubber spatula or trowel.Some masters after grouting the joints treated with silicone sealant.
Laying tiles on a wooden floor
main condition of the base under the tile - flat surface with no visible defects and damage. As for the wooden floor, the tiles it is also spread by the standard technology, pre-clearing the wooden cover from nails, old paint, paint over the cracks and smooth out the bumps.
all defective parts must be removed and replaced, and floorboards - it is better reinforced.
If necessary, the floor can be leveled gipsum sheets (20 mm) or pour screed, without removing the old flooring.When it comes to laying tiles on a wooden floor in the bathroom or in the bath, without having to replace the old or the new foundation for a strong and an appropriate constant humidity, tiling impossible.
Bathroom.Laying tiles VIDEO
laying tile on the floor, as well as other kinds of tiles
Tile - the same ceramics, but this material is fired at higher temperatures and output is required to cover the glaze.Because a method of laying tiles anything fundamental from the standard method of laying ceramic tiles is different.
Recently, began to spread and alternative materials for outdoor surface:
The installation start a day later, after expanding strip tiles for leveling indoors at t 18 ° C.
Features laying PVC does not differ from the standard: on the wooden floor PVC placed after removing the nails and leveling the floor with special mixtures, on the concrete floor, as well as on old tiles, fresh PVC coating placed under the same conditions.
IMPORTANT! floor before laying must be perfectly dry!When installing using special glue for PVC (eg, KIILTO PLUS or KIILTO EXTRA).
very simple material to assemble.It is a kind of substitute for the laminate and simulates virtually any surface.Laid on a perfectly flat surface - on screed or plywood seams jammed with nails and recessed fixture for at least 3 mm.Vinyl tiles on the floor and attached to the adhesive composition.
can be used for mounting the finished floor and at packing rough.This is a more serious material used not only for floors but also npprimer in works with the roof of the house.Flooring most suited plate OSB-3.Most active material is used for leveling of the floor surface.Plate thickness varies from 8 to 10 mm.Plates can be used as a basis for the tile, providing a large surface of the insulation.
Laying tiles on the floor.VIDEO
$ price / value
Kiev: 50-120 USD.per sq.m.depending on the masters.
Moscow: 600-1 000 p.for the quarter.m., depending on the level of the master.