Parquet laying their hands, that is, using their own skills and knowledge is becoming a greater reality, but to achieve this level of technology DIY (do-it-yourself - level of "do it yourself"), is still far away.
- methods of laying
- Technology laying parquet
- $ Laying parquet: the price issue
Currently do turnkey parquet laying on the shoulder onlycompanies and individuals who are engaged in it professionally.In other cases - is a provision of a narrow range of services, or simply work on the production of one of the many technologies.In the latter case the laying of flooring, which is filled with articles about the Internet for a long time, made without the involvement of the most advanced technologies.
methods of laying
Types of laying quite traditional, but this in no way speaks of equivalent complexity of installation.
normal procedure for selecting a method of laying parquet begins with a plan of
significant role in the choice of pattern plays its cost.For example, a symmetric laying flooring is more economical than the same symmetrical styling, but the diagonal terms of the direction of the walls of the room.For greater clarity, we present the main types of specimens without laying parquet:
- symmetrical rows - the shift between the boards of the same size.
- Unbalanced series - shift between the boards of various sizes.
- rows of squares - classic styling.
- framed squares - squares with conventional framing.
- squares with accents - options for placing normal and shortened boards.
- Rows-Braids - like pattern mats.
- rows of lozenges - laying patterns in the form of a cube volume.
- Versailles - square, using a double-length board, along with the usual.
impact on the cost of work and more material consumption: using asymmetrical, diagonal, curly hair styling and combined consumption of parquet boards can grow from 5 to 15%.And when you add here and markups for the complexity of the artist works price could jump in half to two times.The practicality and reasonableness of the choice of method of laying parquet should always be at the forefront.
Technology laying parquet
In most cases, the technology laying flooring of any material is similar to the conventional process of laying.Even for sports flooring, in principle, use the same technology, but with higher strength.
tradition of laying parquet on plywood exist for a long time, and it is used even when laying on the joists , since in this case the floor leveling simplify matters;although there may be options when the room is very low ceilings.Indicative in this case is also laying engineering board - a relatively new material capable of replacing flooring in some cases, but not up to the possibilities of wood flooring.If the board does not require an engineering Scratching and additional surface treatment, as required for conventional flooring.
Features modular flooring and standing with him on the possibilities of bamboo flooring are the technological expansion to the artistic side and the strength respectively.
Any instruction stipulates stowage provisions for the old parquet, and for a new, roughly the same qualifications, depending on what is laid parquet:
- on concrete: in this case under the floor rolled soft substrate, which,usually acts as hydro, sound and thermal insulator;
- to lag: it uses waterproof plywood;
- on a wooden floor: the most simple and economical;In this case, the plywood is also recommended as an insulating material;
- to warm floor: in this case, on the one hand, it should be remembered for the Protection of flooring from the heat, and the other - a sufficient thermal conductivity of the flooring, which should not be too thick.
These rules laying suitable for both parquet and art parquet, who need the same smooth, clean and dry basis.
When there are no special requirements for the installation, and equipment for the laying of parquet is always the same type:
- a hammer and a hammer with a beveled butt for driving precisely into the grooves of cells;
- dobojnik - instrument name speaks for itself, ie,for finishing nails;
- trowel with teeth - to glue, etc .;
- cycle - a sharp plate tsiklevaniya (alignment) of the surface of parquet boards;Scraping may also use the machine;
- chisel - for cutting bevels, small cuts, etc .;
- measuring tools - meter square, tape measure.
As you can see from the list above, a tool for laying flooring stands out especially by the fact that the use of Carpenters and Joiners.Work in any case, because the tree - whether stacking the deck planks or parquet. The order of laying is not dependent on the type of flooring, but may have their own characteristics, depending on the pattern:
Before laying the plywood to the screed applied primer and, if necessary, rolled waterproofing material.
sawn plywood sheets so that the sheets obtained were also square.This prevents the layer from excessive internal stress under constant load.Finished plywood sheets stacked on parquet adhesive and leaving a gap therebetween of a few millimeters;and between plywood sheets and walls leave a gap in the floor or half a centimeter.
plywood sheets are fixed with dowels into the holes that have been pre-prepared subfloor.
then have to apply for plywood glue for fixing parquet.The adhesive should take into account the type of wood and contain no more than 7% water.
By installation of parquet or parquet boards must arrive klёpku.
between the wall and the flooring must be maintained technological gap and a half to two centimeters to compensate for the effects of temperature and humidity.
already laid parquet, and it will confirm any master of laying parquet should mature a week or two.
Dry and mature parquet can scrape - to eliminate all roughness.
Ready parquet floor cover first primer composition and then varnish.
course, stacking the modular panelboard parquet or going around the same technology, but, as in the case with an artistic parquet may have additional difficulties due to the wishes of the customer - centered orientation or drawing.
$ Laying parquet: the price issue
In the old days of laying parquet took as much as a cost of 1 sq.m coating.At the same time the cost of laying affects not only the cost of materials , but also the volume of the work and even the global economic crisis.
rates per square meter of laying flooring in the two capitals are approximately:
- Kiev - 40-80 hryvnia;
- Moscow - 300-1500 rubles.
course averaged price indicators may not display all possible nuances that can be stipulated between the customer and, therefore, the study of additional video and photographs, as well as the study of proposals in this market is a must.This is all the more important that current technology can see firsthand what a parquet laying his hands.
Although, in fairness, I must say that many of the "bottlenecks" can not be displayed or set out on paper, because the conditions for the implementation of such measures in each their own.And if you add to this the lack of experience, it becomes clear why the parquet laying is always a special case.